Programs

Course Descriptions



See also: General usage courses | Explanatory notes for courses


ACCOUNTING [top]

ACC 117 Essentials of Accounting (3 cr.)

Covers reading and understanding financial statements, internal control requirements for safeguarding assets, and accounting procedures necessary to complete the entire accounting cycle, including journals, ledgers, and financial statements. Prerequisites: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Competency in Math Essentials MTE 1-3 as demonstrated through the placement and diagnostic tests, or by satisfactorily completing the required MTE units, or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ACC 124 Payroll Accounting (3 cr.)

Presents accounting systems and methods used in computing and recording payroll to include payroll taxes and compliance with federal and state legislation. Lecture 3 hours per week. Offered in fall, spring, and summer.
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ACC 134 Small Business Taxes (3 cr.)

Introduces taxes most frequently encountered in business. Includes payroll, sales, property, and income tax. Studies the fundamentals of income tax preparation of business taxes for small businesses organized as proprietorships and partnerships. Includes sales and property taxes and income tax preparation related to business assets; business of the home; employment taxes; excise taxes; schedules C, SE and 1040; self-employed retirement plans; tip reporting and allocation rules, etc. Lecture 3 hours per week. Offered in spring.
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ACC 198 Seminar and Project: Accounting Capstone (3 cr.)

Provides students an opportunity to integrate skills learned in prior accounting courses and apply those skills to the real-world practice of accounting through a business simulation project. Prepares students to complete the Certified Bookkeeper examination given by the American Institute of Public Bookkeepers (AIPB) using a review course prepared by the AIPB. Prerequisites: ACC 211 and ACC 134. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ACC 211 Principles of Accounting I (3 cr.)

Introduces accounting principles with respect to financial reporting. Demonstrates how decision-makers use accounting information for reporting purposes. Focuses on the preparation of accounting information and its use in the operation of organizations, as well as methods of analysis and interpretation of accounting information. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ACC 212 Principles of Accounting II (3 cr.)

Introduces accounting principles with respect to cost and managerial accounting. Focuses on the application of accounting information with respect to product costing, as well as its use within the organization to provide direction and to judge performance. Prerequisite: ACC 211 or equivalent or school approval. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ACC 215 Computerized Accounting (3 cr.)

Introduces the computer in solving accounting problems. Focuses on operation of computers. Presents the accounting cycle and financial statement preparation in a computerized system and other applications for financial and managerial accounting. Prerequisite: ACC 195¿Essentials of Accounting, or ACC 211, or equivalent, or school approval. Lecture 3 hours per week. Offered in fall, spring, and summer.
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ACC 217 Analyzing Financial Statements (3 cr.)

Explains how financial data are generated and limitations of the data, techniques for analyzing the flow of a business's funds, and the methods of selecting and interpreting financial ratios. Highlights the conceptual framework for analysis and offers basic and advanced analytical techniques through the use of comprehensive case studies. Prerequisite: ACC 212 or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week. Offered in spring.
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ACC 219 Government and Non-Profit Accounting (3 cr.)

Introduces fund accounting as used by governmental and nonprofit entities. Stresses differences between accounting principles of for-profit and not-for-profit organizations. Prerequisite: ACC 212 or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week. Offered in fall.
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ACC 221 Intermediate Accounting I (3 cr.)

Covers accounting principles and theory, including a review of the accounting cycle and accounting for current assets, current liabilities, and investments. Introduces various accounting approaches and demonstrates the effect of these approaches on financial statement users. Prerequisite: ACC 212 or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week. Offered in fall.
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ACC 222 Intermediate Accounting II (3 cr.)

Continues accounting principles and theory with emphasis on accounting for fixed assets, intangibles, corporate capital structure, long-term liabilities, and investments. Prerequisite: ACC 221 or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week. Offered in spring.
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ACC 231 Cost Accounting I (3 cr.)

Studies cost accounting methods and reporting as applied to job order, process, and standard cost accounting systems. Includes cost control, capital budgeting, and pricing decisions. Prerequisite: ACC 212 or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week. Offered in fall.
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ACC 240 Fraud Examination (3 cr.)

Covers the principles and methodology of fraud detection and deterrence. Provides an introduction to the various ways fraud and occupational abuses occur, methods to identify the risk of exposure to loss from fraud, and appropriate prevention, detection, and investigation approaches. Lecture 3 hours per week. Offered in spring.
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ACC 241 Auditing I (3 cr.)

Presents techniques of investigating, interpreting, and appraising accounting records and assertions. Studies internal control design and evaluation, evidence-gathering techniques, and other topics. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: ACC 212 or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week. Offered in spring.
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ACC 261 Principles of Federal Taxation I (3 cr.)

Presents the study of federal taxation as it relates to individuals and related entities. Covers gross income, deductions and credits, sales and other disposition of property, capital gains, losses, and timing. Includes tax planning, compliance, and reporting. Emphasizes personal tax burden minimization and preparation of personal tax returns. Prerequisite: ACC 211 or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week. Offered in fall and spring.
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ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE [top]

ADJ 100 Survey of Criminal Justice (3 cr.)

Presents an overview of the United States criminal justice system; introduces the major system components: law enforcement, judiciary, and corrections. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ADJ 105 The Juvenile Justice System (3 cr.)

Presents the evolution, philosophy, structures, and processes of the American juvenile delinquency system; surveys the rights of juveniles, dispositional alternatives, rehabilitation methods, and current trends. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ADJ 107 Survey of Criminology (3 cr.)

Surveys the volume and scope of crime; considers a variety of theories developed to explain the causation of crime and criminality. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ADJ 116 Special Enforcement Topics (3 cr.)

Considers contemporary issues, problems, and controversies in modern law enforcement. Prerequisite: ADJ 100. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ADJ 128 Patrol Administration and Operations (3 cr.)

Studies the goals, methods, and techniques of police patrol with focus on the norms which govern work behavior in a police career. Examines the responsibilities of administrators and field supervisors of patrol in the local and state law enforcement agencies. Prerequisite: ADJ 100. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ADJ 130 Introduction to Criminal Law (3 cr.)

Surveys the general principles of American criminal law, the elements of major crimes, and the basic steps of prosecution procedure. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ADJ 159 Physical Security (3 cr.)

Studies the various forms of perimeter barriers which impact upon security operations; examines insurance considerations, underwriters licensing certification, fire prevention and fire code regulations, and the general health and safety requirements for all employees and contact persons within the organization. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ADJ 161 Introduction to Computer Crime (3 cr.)

Provides a basic introduction to the nature of computer crimes, computer criminals, relevant law, investigative techniques, and emerging trends. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ADJ 195 Topics in Administration of Justice: Intelligence Analysis and Security Management (3 cr.)

Examines intelligence analysis and its indispensable relationship to the security management of terrorist attacks, man-made disasters, and natural disasters. It also explores vulnerabilities of our national defense and private sectors as well as the threats posed to these institutions by terrorists, man-made disasters, and natural disasters. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ADJ 195 Topics in Administration of Justice: Introduction to Homeland Security (3 cr.)

Presents students with an overview of the vocabulary and important components of homeland security. Discusses the importance of agencies associated with homeland security and their interrelated duties and responsibilities. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ADJ 195 Topics in Administration of Justice: Transportation and Border Security (3 cr.)

Provides an overview of modern border and transportation security challenges and the different methods employed to address these challenges from post 9/11 to the present. Focuses on legal, economic, political, and cultural concerns and impacts associated with transportation and border security. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ADJ 201 Criminology (3 cr.)

Studies current and historical data pertaining to criminal and other deviant behavior. Examines theories that explain crime and criminal behavior in human society. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ADJ 212 Criminal Law, Evidence and Procedures II (3 cr.)

Teaches the elements of proof for major and common crimes and the legal classification of offenses. Studies the kinds, degrees, and admissibility of evidence and its presentation in criminal proceedings with emphasis on legal guidelines for methods and techniques of evidence acquisition. Surveys the procedural requirements from arrest to final disposition in the various American court systems with focus on the Virginia jurisdiction. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ADJ 227 Constitutional Law for Justice Personnel (3 cr.)

Surveys the basic guarantees of liberty described in the U. S. Constitution and the historical development of these restrictions on government power, primarily through U. S. Supreme Court decisions. Reviews rights of free speech, press, and assembly, as well as criminal procedure guarantees (to counsel, jury trial, habeas corpus, etc.) as they apply to the activities of those in the criminal justice system. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ADJ 228 Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs (3 cr.)

Surveys the historical and current usage of narcotics and dangerous drugs. Teaches the identification and classification of such drugs and emphasizes the symptoms and effects on their users. Examines investigative methods and procedures utilized in law enforcement efforts against illicit drug usage. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ADJ 229 Law Enforcement and the Community (3 cr.)

Considers current efforts by law enforcement personnel to achieve an effective working relationship with the community. Surveys and analyzes various interactive approaches of law enforcement agencies and the citizenry they serve. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ADJ 233 Digital Crime and Digital Terrorism (3 cr.)

Provides instruction in the techniques and practices used to identify incidents of digital crime and digital terrorism, methods of detection of incidents, methods of protection from digital crime and digital terrorism, and the future of digital crime and digital terrorism. Prerequisites: ADJ 100, ADJ 107, or ADJ 201, basic computer literacy, experience using the Internet, or permission of the instructor. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ADJ 234 Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism (3 cr.)

Surveys the historical and current practices of terrorism that are national, transnational, or domestic in origin. Includes biological, chemical, nuclear, and cyber terrorism. Teaches the identification and classification of terrorist organizations, violent political groups, and issue-oriented militant movements. Examines investigative methods and procedures utilized in counter-terrorist efforts domestically and internationally. Prerequisites: ADJ 100 and ADJ 107 or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ADJ 236 Principles of Criminal Investigation (3 cr.)

Surveys the fundamentals of criminal investigation procedures and techniques. Examines crime scene search and collecting, handling, and preserving evidence. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ADJ 240 Techniques of Interviewing (3 cr.)

Provides the student with essential skills and techniques necessary to obtain quality information from victims, witnesses, and suspects regarding criminal activity. Emphasizes locations and settings for interviews, kinesics, proxemics, and paralinguistics of both the interviewer and interviewee. Prerequisite: Students enrolling in the course must be certified law enforcement personnel currently employed in a police agency. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ADJ 246 Correctional Counseling (3 cr.)

Presents concepts and principles of interviewing and counseling as applied in the correctional setting. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ADJ 290 Coordinated Internship in Administration of Justice (3 cr.)

Provides supervised on-the-job training in selected business, industrial, or service firms coordinated by the college. Laboratory 15 hours per week.
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ADJ 295 Topics in Administration of Justice: Use of Force (3 cr.)

Focuses on issues related to use of force in law enforcement. Includes court cases, policies and procedures, media and politics, and the tools and techniques used by law enforcement personnel. Prerequisites: ADJ 100 or LGL 110; ADJ 130 or LGL 218. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ARABIC [top]

ARA 101 Beginning Arabic I (4 cr.)

Introduces understanding, speaking, reading, and writing skills, and emphasizes basic Arabic sentence structure. Discusses the diversity of cultures in the Arab world. Part I of II. Prerequisite: Students must be functionally fluent in English. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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ARA 102 Beginning Arabic II (4 cr.)

Introduces understanding, speaking, reading, and writing skills, and emphasizes basic Arabic sentence structure. Discusses the diversity of cultures in the Arab world. Part II of II. Prerequisites: ARA 101 and functional fluency in English. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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ARA 201 Intermediate Arabic I (3 cr.)

Continues to develop understanding, speaking, reading, and writing skills, and emphasizes basic Arabic sentence structure. Discusses the diversity of cultures in the Arab world. Classes are conducted in Arabic. Prerequisite: ARA 102. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ARCHITECTURE [top]

ARC 121 Architectural Drafting I (3 cr.)

Introduces techniques of architectural drafting, including lettering, dimensioning, and symbols. Requires production of plans, sections, and elevations of a simple building. Studies use of common reference material and the organization of architectural working drawings. Requires development of a limited set of working drawings, including a site plan, related details, and pictorial drawings. Part I of II. Prerequisite: DRF 231 or school approval. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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ARC 122 Architectural Drafting II (3 cr.)

Introduces techniques of architectural drafting, including lettering, dimensioning, and symbols. Requires production of plans, sections, and elevations of a simple building. Studies use of common reference material and the organization of architectural working drawings. Requires development of a limited set of working drawings, including a site plan, related details, and pictorial drawings. Part II of II. Prerequisite: ARC 121 or school approval. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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ARC 131 Materials and Methods of Construction I (3 cr.)

Covers use of wood as a building material in all phases of construction. Deals with species used, growth characteristics, hygroscopic properties, and applications of lumber and plywood. Includes wood framing systems, pre-manufactured components, modular systems, windows, doors, cabinets, and flooring. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ARC 132 Materials and Methods of Construction II (3 cr.)

Studies masonry and concrete materials related to the construction industry: materials, mixtures, handling and placing, finishing and curing, and protection of concrete work. Includes brick and cementitious materials, mortar, and workmanship, and iron, steel, and aluminum as used in construction. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ARC 199 Supervised Study in Architectural Design: Architectural Drafting III (3 cr.)

Provides fundamental knowledge of the principles and techniques of architectural drawings and procedures. Familiarizes students with design process to provide a better understanding of the relationship between architectural design and structural systems. Computer-aided design/drafting begins to assume a dominant role in the drawing production process. Prerequisites: ARC 122 or equivalent and DRF 231. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: ARC 211. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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ARC 211 Computer-Aided Drafting Applications (3 cr.)

Utilizes computer hardware and software to create orthographic and pictorial drawings. Requires creation of working drawings by adding the necessary sections, dimensions, and notes to the computer-generated views. Prerequisite: DRF 231 or equivalent. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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ARC 212 Architectural Drafting III (3 cr.)

Provides fundamental knowledge of the principles and techniques of architectural drawings and procedures. Familiarizes students with the design process to provide a better understanding of the relationship between architectural design and structural systems. Computer-aided design/drafting begins to assume a dominant role in the drawing production process. Prerequisites: ARC 122 or equivalent and DRF 231. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: ARC 211. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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ARC 213 Architectural Drafting IV (3 cr.)

Requires preparation of complete set of working drawings according to principles and techniques of architectural drawing procedures used in professional firms. CAD is the primary means for drawing production, as well as design presentation, including 3D renderings and animations. Prerequisites: ARC 212 or equivalent and DRF 232. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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ARC 241 Building Mechanical Systems (3 cr.)

Studies components and design for systems in residential and commercial building. Covers plumbing supply and drainage, including storm drainage and private sewage disposal. Requires calculation of overall heat balances for buildings as basis for design of heating and cooling systems. Prerequisite: ARC 122 or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ARC 242 Building Electrical Systems (3 cr.)

Studies components and design for lighting and electrical systems, security, fire, and smoke alarms. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ARC 295 Topics in Architecture: Building Information Modeling (3 cr.)

Teaches advanced operations in building-information-modeling. Prerequisite: ARC 211 or equivalent. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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ARC 299 Supervised Study in Architecture: Architectural Drafting IV (3 cr.)

Requires preparation of complete set of working drawings according to principles and techniques of architectural drawing procedures used in professional firms. CAD is the primary means for drawing production, as well as design presentation, including 3D renderings and animations. Prerequisite: ARC 212 or equivalent and DRF 232. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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ARTS [top]

ART 100 Art Appreciation (3 cr.)

Introduces art from prehistoric times to the present day. Describes architectural styles, sculpture, photography, printmaking, and painting techniques. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ART 101 History and Appreciation of Art I (3 cr.)

Presents the history and interpretation of architecture, sculpture, and painting. Begins with prehistoric art and follows the development of western civilization to the present. ART 101 and 102 may be taken out of order. Part I of II. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ART 102 History and Appreciation of Art II (3 cr.)

Presents the history and interpretation of architecture, sculpture, and painting. Begins with prehistoric art and follows the development of western civilization to the present. ART 101 and 102 may be taken out of order. Part II of II. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ART 106 History of Modern Art (3 cr.)

Surveys the history of modern architecture, sculpture, painting, and graphic arts in representational and nonrepresentational forms. Focuses on the periods and movements that influenced the arts of the twentieth century. Emphasizes contemporary art forms, particularly the interaction between art and society, industry, and design. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ART 121 Drawing I (4 cr.)

Develops basic drawing skills and understanding of visual language through studio instruction/lecture. Introduces concepts, such as proportion, space, perspective and tone, and composition as applied to still life, landscape, and the figure. Uses drawing media, such as pencil, charcoal, ink wash, and color media. Includes field trips and gallery assignments as appropriate. Part I of II. Lecture 2 hours. Studio instruction 4 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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ART 122 Drawing II (4 cr.)

Develops basic drawing skills and understanding of visual language through studio instruction/lecture. Introduces concepts, such as proportion, space, perspective, tone, and composition as applied to still life, landscape, and the figure. Uses drawing media, such as pencil, charcoal, ink wash, and color media. Includes field trips and gallery assignments as appropriate. Part II of II. Prerequisite: ART 121 or permission of the instructor. Lecture 2 hours. Studio instruction 4 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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ART 125 Introduction to Painting (3 cr.)

Introduces study of color, composition, and painting techniques. Places emphasis on experimentation and enjoyment of oil and/or acrylic paints and the fundamentals of tools and materials. This course is intended to be an art elective for students who do not plan to pursue a degree in the visual arts. Lecture 2 hours. Studio instruction 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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ART 131 Fundamentals of Design I (4 cr.)

Explores the concepts of two- and three-dimensional design and color. May include field trips as required. Part I of II. Lecture 2 hours. Studio instruction 4 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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ART 133 Visual Arts Foundation (4 cr.)

Covers tools and techniques, design concepts and principles, color theory, and an introduction to the computer for graphic use. Applies to all fields of Visual Art. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 4 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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ART 138 Figure Drawing (3 cr.)

Develops drawing skills for the beginning and experienced students. Explores a broad range of drawing problems dealing with the human figure in costume using various media and techniques. Prerequisite: ART 120 or equivalent course or school approval. Lecture 2 hours. Studio instruction 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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ART 217 Electronic Graphic Design I (4 cr.)

Focuses on creative concepts of graphic design problem-solving using electronic technology; includes techniques specific to computer-generated publication design and imagery. Required for students pursuing careers in graphic design with emphasis on use of the computer. Part I of II. Prerequisites: ART 131 and passing score on computer competency exam or satisfactory completion of ITE 115 or CSC 155 or equivalent. Lecture 2 hours. Studio Instruction 4 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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ART 241 Painting I (4 cr.)

Introduces abstract and representational painting in acrylic and/or oil with emphasis on color composition and value. Part I of II. Prerequisite: ART 122 or instructor's approval. Lecture 2 hours. Studio instruction 4 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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ART 242 Painting II (4 cr.)

Introduces abstract and representational painting in acrylic and/or oil with emphasis on color composition and value. Part II of II. Prerequisite: ART 122 or instructor's approval. ART 241 and ART 242 must be taken in order except with instructor's approval. Lecture 2 hours. Studio instruction 4 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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ART 243 Watercolor I (3 cr.)

Presents abstract and representational painting in watercolor with emphasis on design, color, composition, technique, and value. Prerequisite: ART 131 or instructor's approval. Lecture 1.5 hours. Studio instruction 3.5 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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ART 293 Studies in Art: Painting (4 cr.)

Provides directed study in painting in the student's chosen medium with emphasis on investigation of personal style and development of portfolio. Prerequisite: ART 242 or instructor's approval. Lecture 2 hours. Studio instruction 4 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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AMERICAN SIGN LANGUAGE [top]

ASL 100 Orientation to Acquisition of ASL as an Adult (2 cr.)

Presents a brief introduction to the U.S. Deaf Community, focusing on the differences in language and literature. Introduces many common pitfalls experienced by adults when acquiring ASL as a second language. Provides students with experience bridging spoken English and ASL via use of visual-gestural, non-verbal communication. Introduces students to the various ASL and IE curricular options offered at Reynolds. Lecture 2 hours per week.
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ASL 101 American Sign Language I (4 cr.)

Introduces the fundamentals of American Sign Language (ASL) used by the Deaf Community, including basic vocabulary, syntax, fingerspelling, and grammatical non-manual signals. Focuses on communicative competence. Develops gestural skills as a foundation for ASL enhancement. Introduces cultural knowledge and increases understanding of the Deaf Community. Part I of II and the first course in a six-semester sequence. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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ASL 102 American Sign Language II (4 cr.)

Introduces the fundamentals of American Sign Language (ASL) used by the Deaf Community, including basic vocabulary, syntax, fingerspelling, and grammatical non-manual signals. Focuses on communicative competence. Develops gestural skills as a foundation for ASL enhancement. Introduces cultural knowledge and increases understanding of the Deaf Community. Part II of II and the second course in a six-semester sequence. Prerequisite: ASL 101. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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ASL 125 History and Culture of the Deaf Community I (3 cr.)

Examines the history of the Deaf Community and presents an overview of various aspects of Deaf Culture, including educational and legal issues. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ASL 201 American Sign Language III (3 cr.)

Develops vocabulary, conversational competence, and grammatical knowledge with a total immersion approach. Introduces increasingly complex grammatical aspects, including those unique to ASL. Discusses culture and literature. Encourages contact with the Deaf Community to enhance linguistic and cultural knowledge. Part I of II and the third course in a six-semester sequence. Prerequisite: ASL 102 or permission of instructor. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ASL 202 American Sign Language IV (3 cr.)

Develops vocabulary, conversational competence, and grammatical knowledge with a total immersion approach. Introduces increasingly complex grammatical aspects including those unique to ASL. Discusses culture and literature. Encourages contact with the Deaf Community to enhance linguistic and cultural knowledge. Part II of II and the fourth course in a six-semester sequence. Prerequisite: ASL 201 or permission of instructor. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ASL 220 Comparative Linguistics: ASL and English (3 cr.)

Describes spoken English and ASL (American Sign Language) on five levels: phonological, morphological, lexical, syntactic, and discourse. Compares and contrasts the two languages on all five levels using real-world examples. Documents similarities between signed languages and spoken languages in general. Describes the major linguistic components and processes of English and ASL. Introduces basic theories regarding ASL structure. Emphasizes ASL's status as a natural language by comparing and contrasting similarities and unique differences between the two languages. Prerequisite: ASL 201 and ENG 111. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ASL 225 Literature of the U.S. Deaf Community (3 cr.)

Presents an overview of various aspects of literature common in the U.S. Deaf Community, including those forms written in English and those forms signed in ASL. Applies the recurring themes and metaphors in the context of the history of the U.S. Deaf Community. Prerequisites: ASL 125, ASL 202, ASL 220, and ENG 111. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ASL 261 American Sign Language V (4 cr.)

Develops advanced American Sign Language comprehension and production skills. Emphasizes advanced linguistic aspects of ASL. Presents ASL literary forms. Encourages contact with the Deaf Community. Part I of II and the fifth course in a six-semester sequence. Prerequisite: ASL 202. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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ASL 262 American Sign Language VI (4 cr.)

Develops advanced American Sign Language comprehension and production skills. Emphasizes advanced linguistic aspects of ASL. Presents ASL literary forms. Encourages contact with the Deaf Community. Part II of II and the sixth course in a six-semester sequence. Prerequisite: ASL 261. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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ASL 295 Topics in American Sign Language: Sign Tuning (3 cr.)

Provides an opportunity to explore various language elements in ASL, including advanced and colloquial aspects of phonology, morphology, grammar/syntax, semantics, variation, and historical change. Prerequisite: ASL 201. Co-requisites: ASL 125 and ASL 220. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT TECHNOLOGY [top]

AST 101 Keyboarding I (3 cr.)

Teaches the alpha/numeric keyboard with emphasis on correct techniques, speed, and accuracy. Teaches formatting of basic personal and business correspondence, reports, and tabulation using a software package. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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AST 102 Keyboarding II (3 cr.)

Develops keyboarding and document production skills with emphasis on preparation of specialized business documents. Continues skill-building for speed and accuracy. Prerequisite: AST 101. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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AST 107 Editing/Proofreading Skills (3 cr.)

Develops skills essential to creating and editing business documents. Covers grammar, spelling, diction, punctuation, capitalization, and other usage problems. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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AST 137 Records Management (3 cr.)

Teaches filing and records management procedures for hard copy, electronic, and micrographic systems. Identifies equipment, supplies, and solutions to records management problems. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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AST 141 Word Processing I (3 cr.)

Teaches creating and editing documents, including line and page layouts, columns, fonts, search/replace, cut/paste, spell/thesaurus, and advanced editing and formatting features of word processing software. Prerequisite: AST 101 or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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AST 142 Word Processing II (3 cr.)

Teaches advanced software applications. Prerequisite: AST 141 or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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AST 190 Coordinated Internship in Administrative Support Technology (3 cr.)

Provides supervised on-the-job training in selected business, industrial, or service firms coordinated by the college. Laboratory 15 hours per week.
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AST 205 Business Communications (3 cr.)

Teaches techniques of oral and written communications. Emphasizes writing and presenting business-related materials. Prerequisite: ENG 111 or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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AST 243 Office Administration I (3 cr.)

Develops an understanding of the administrative support role and the skills and knowledge necessary to provide organizational and technical support in a contemporary office setting. Emphasizes the development of critical-thinking, problem-solving, and job performance skills in a business office environment. Prerequisite: AST 101. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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AST 245 Medical Machine Transcription (3 cr.)

Develops machine transcription skills, integrating operation of transcribing equipment with understanding of medical terminology. Emphasizes dictation techniques and accurate transcription of medical documents in prescribed formats with proper grammar and punctuation. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: AST 102 or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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AST 260 Presentation Software (PowerPoint) (3 cr.)

Teaches creation of slides, including use of text, clip art, and graphs. Includes techniques for enhancing presentations with on-screen slide show, as well as printing to transparencies and handouts. Incorporates use of sound and video clips. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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AUTOMOTIVE [top]

AUT 111 Automotive Engines I (4 cr.)

Presents analysis of power, cylinder condition, valves, and bearings in the automotive engine to establish the present condition, repairs, or adjustments. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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AUT 112 Automotive Engines II (3 cr.)

Continues study of the analysis of power, cylinder condition, valves, and bearings in the automotive engine to establish the present condition, repairs, or adjustments. Prerequisite: AUT 111. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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AUT 126 Auto Fuel and Ignition Systems (5 cr.)

Studies automobile ignition and fuel systems and their functions in operation of the engine. Includes carburetors, fuel pumps, ignition systems, troubleshooting, engine testing and adjustment, and tune-up. Prerequisite AUT 242. Lecture 4 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 7 hours per week.
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AUT 130 Introduction to Auto Mechanics (2 cr.)

Introduces auto mechanics, including auto shop safety and tool identification and use. Explains automobile system theory and function. Stresses quality work practices and job opportunities. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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AUT 136 Automotive Vehicle Inspection (2 cr.)

Presents information on methods for performing automotive vehicle safety inspection. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 3 hours per week.
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AUT 156 Small Gasoline Engines (2 cr.)

Studies small gasoline engine operating principles, construction, design, variety, and their many purposes. Gives instruction on two-cycle and four-cycle small gas engines, their construction, design, fuel system, ignition system, and lubricating systems. Demonstrates disassembly, reconditioning, overhaul, and reassembly in the lab. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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AUT 165 Auto Diagnosis and Tune-Up (2 cr.)

Presents the techniques for diagnosis of malfunctions in systems of the automobile. Uses dynamometers, oscilloscopes, and other specialized diagnostic and testing equipment. Demonstrates tune-up of conventional and rotary engines. Prerequisite AUT 126. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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AUT 178 Automotive Final Drive and Manual Transmission Systems (4 cr.)

Presents the operation, design, construction, and repair of manual transmissions and final drive systems for both front and rear drive vehicles. Includes clutches, synchronizers, and torque multiplication/gear reduction, along with differentials, transmission/transaxles, drive axles, U-joints, CV joints, 4-wheel drive, and all-wheel drive systems. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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AUT 193 Automotive Electronic Safety Control Systems (3 cr.)

Introduces advanced automotive electronic safety control systems, including driver alert, unintended lane departure, blind spot detection, active headlights, and electronic control of braking systems. Addresses diagnostic procedures and maintenance of electronic safety control systems, the theory and function of each system, and operation of each system. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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AUT 197 Cooperative Education in Automotive (2 cr.)

Provides on-the-job training for automotive technology students. Laboratory 10 hours per week.
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AUT 230 Introduction to Alternative Fuels and Hybrid Vehicles (3 cr.)

Introduces current trends in alternative fueled vehicles, including current alternative fueled vehicles and the implication and safety precautions necessary for working on hybrid vehicle systems. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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AUT 236 Automotive Climate Control (4 cr.)

Introduces principles of refrigeration, air conditioning controls, and adjustment and general servicing of automotive air conditioning systems. Prerequisite AUT 241. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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AUT 241 Automotive Electricity I (3 cr.)

Introduces electricity, magnetism, symbols, and circuitry as applied to the alternators, regulators, starters, lighting systems, instruments and gauges, and accessories. Part I of II. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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AUT 242 Automotive Electricity II (3 cr.)

Introduces electricity, magnetism, symbols, and circuitry as applied to alternators, regulators, starters, lighting systems, instruments and gauges, and accessories. Part II of II. Prerequisite: AUT 241. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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AUT 243 Automotive Control Electronics (4 cr.)

Covers the electronic control systems found in hybrid electric vehicle systems, battery electric vehicle systems, and fuel cell electric vehicle systems. Teaches theory, function, and operation of each electronic control system and provides students an opportunity to perform diagnostic procedures and maintenance for these systems. Focuses on safety. Prerequisites: Experience in the automotive repair field, AUT 241, AUT 242, AUT 245, and AUT 230 or approval of the program head. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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AUT 245 Automotive Electronics (4 cr.)

Introduces the field of electronics as it applies to the modern automobile. Emphasizes basic circuit operation and diagnosis and repair of digital indicator and warning systems. Prerequisites: AUT 241 and AUT 242. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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AUT 251 Automatic Transmissions (4 cr.)

Studies several types of automatic transmissions, torque converters, and their principles of operation. Includes adjustment, maintenance, and rebuilding. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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AUT 253 Electric Vehicles (4 cr.)

Covers electric vehicle systems and advanced automotive electronics. Provides students an opportunity to perform diagnostic procedures and maintenance for electric vehicle systems. Teaches theory, function, and operation of electric vehicle systems. Focuses on safety. Prerequisites: Experience in the automotive repair field, AUT 241, AUT 242, AUT 245, and AUT 230 or approval of the program head. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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AUT 254 Plug-In Hybrid Vehicles (4 cr.)

Covers plug-in hybrid electric vehicle systems, extended-range electric vehicle systems, and advanced automotive electronics. Teaches theory, function, and operation of each plug-in hybrid vehicle system and provides students an opportunity to perform diagnostic procedures and maintenance for these vehicles. Focuses on safety. Prerequisites: Experience in the automotive repair field, AUT 241, AUT 242, AUT 245, and AUT 230 or approval of the program head. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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AUT 256 Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (4 cr.)

Covers hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicle systems and advanced automotive electronics. Teaches theory, function, and operation of fuel cell electric vehicles and provides students an opportunity to perform diagnostic procedures and maintenance for fuel cell electric vehicle systems. Focuses on safety. Prerequisites: Experience in the automotive repair field, AUT 241, AUT 242, AUT 245, and AUT 230 or approval of the program head. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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AUT 265 Automotive Braking Systems (3 cr.)

Presents operation, design, construction, repair, and servicing of braking systems, including Anti-Lock Brake Systems (ABS). Explains uses of tools and test equipment, evaluation of test results, and estimation of repair cost for power, standard, and disc brakes. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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AUT 266 Auto Alignment, Suspension and Steering (3 cr.)

Introduces use of alignment equipment in diagnosing, adjusting, and repairing front and rear suspensions. Deals with repair and servicing of power and standard steering systems. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 6 hours. Total 7 hours per week.
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AUT 297 Cooperative Education in Automotive (2 cr.)

Provides supervised on-the-job training for automotive technology students. Laboratory 10 hours per week.
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BIOLOGY [top]

BIO 1 Foundations of Biology (4 cr.)

Develops a basic understanding of plant and animal form, function, and relationships. Prepares students who have a deficiency in high school biology or may require a refresher course before beginning college-level biology. Taught as pass/fail, the course can be taken in subsequent semesters as necessary until course objectives are completed. The credits are not applicable to any of the college's academic programs, although high school-level biology or higher may be required for entrance into certain college-level programs. The credits do not transfer. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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BIO 100 Basic Human Biology (3 cr.)

Presents basic principles of human anatomy and physiology. Discusses cells, tissues, and selected human systems. Not intended for students in college transfer AA or AS degree. Prerequisite: Completion of ENF 2, if required by placement test or instructor/advisory approval. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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BIO 101 General Biology I (4 cr.)

Focuses on foundations in cellular structure, metabolism, and genetics in an evolutionary context. Explores the core concepts of evolution; structure and function; information flow, storage and exchange; pathways and transformations of energy and matter; and systems biology. Emphasizes process of science, interdisciplinary approach, and relevance of biology to society. Part I of a two-course sequence. Prerequisite: Completion of ENF 2, if required by placement test, and completion of MTE 1-3. Lecture 3 hours. Recitation and Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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BIO 102 General Biology II (4 cr.)

Focuses on diversity of life, anatomy and physiology of organisms, and ecosystem organization and processes in an evolutionary context. Explores the core concepts of evolution; structure and function; information flow, storage and exchange; pathways and transformations of energy and matter; and systems biology. Emphasizes process of science, interdisciplinary approach, and relevance of biology to society. Part II of a two-course sequence. Prerequisite: Satisfactory completion of BIO 101. Lecture 3 hours. Recitation and Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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BIO 106 Life Science (4 cr.)

Provides a topical approach to basic biological principles. Includes the scientific process, characteristics of living organisms, molecular aspects of cells, bioenergetics, cellular and organismal reproduction genetics, evolution, some human organ systems, and ecology. Designed for the non-science major. Prerequisite: Satisfactory score on the reading and writing placement test; students should not be enrolled in a remedial reading or writing course while enrolled in this course. Credit toward graduation cannot be awarded for both Biology 106 and Biology 101 or Biology 102. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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BIO 107 Biology of the Environment (4 cr.)

Presents the basic concepts of environmental science through a topical approach. Includes the scientific method, population growth and migration, use of natural resources and waste management, ecosystem simplification and recovery, evolution, biogeochemical cycles, photosynthesis and global warming, geological formations, atmosphere and climate, ozone depletion, pollution examples and anti-pollution laws, and acid deposition. Environmental Sustainability Designation: Course content related to the study of sustainable development. Prerequisite: Completion of ENF 2, if required by placement test or instructor/advisor approval. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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BIO 141 Human Anatomy and Physiology I (4 cr.)

Integrates anatomy and physiology of cells, tissues, organs, and systems of the human body. Integrates concepts of chemistry, physics, and pathology. Part I of II. Prerequisites: (1) High school biology and chemistry completed within five years of registering for this course with a grade of C or better or BIO 101 (or an equivalent) or advisor approval and (2) completion of ENF 2, if required by placement test or instructor/advisor approval. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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BIO 142 Human Anatomy and Physiology II (4 cr.)

Integrates anatomy and physiology of cells, tissues, organs, and systems of the human body. Integrates concepts of chemistry, physics, and pathology. Part II of II. Prerequisite: BIO 141. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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BIO 205 General Microbiology (4 cr.)

Examines morphology, genetics, physiology, ecology, and control of microorganisms. Emphasizes application of microbiological techniques to selected fields. Prerequisites: BIO 101-102 and CHM 111-112 or equivalent, or permission of the School of Mathematics, Science, and Engineering. CHM 101-102 are acceptable equivalent courses. Credits for CHM 101-102 do not count toward the AS degree in Science. Lecture 3 hours. Recitation and Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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BIO 206 Cell Biology (4 cr.)

Introduces the ultrastructure and functions of cells. Emphasizes cell metabolism, cell division, and control of gene expression. Prerequisite: One year of college biology and one year of college chemistry. Lecture 3 hours. Recitation and Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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BIO 231 Human Anatomy and Physiology I (4 cr.)

Integrates the study of gross and microscopic anatomy with physiology, emphasizing the analysis and interpretation of physiological data. Part I of II. Prerequisite: One year of college biology and one year of college chemistry or school approval. Lecture 3 hours. Recitation and Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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BIO 232 Human Anatomy and Physiology II (4 cr.)

Integrates the study of gross and microscopic anatomy with physiology, emphasizing the analysis and interpretation of physiological data. Part II of II. Prerequisites: One year of college biology and one year of college chemistry or school approval and BIO 231. Lecture 3 hours. Recitation and Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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BIO 256 General Genetics (4 cr.)

Explores the principles of genetics ranging from classical Mendelian inheritance to the most recent advances in the biochemical nature and function of the gene. Includes experimental design and statistical analysis. Prerequisites: BIO 101, BIO 102, CHM 111, and CHM 112. Lecture 3 hours. Recitation and laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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BIO 270 General Ecology (3 cr.)

Studies interrelationships between organisms and their natural and cultural environments with emphasis on populations, communities, and ecosystems. Prerequisites: BIO 101 and 102 or departmental approval. Lecture 2 hours. Recitation and laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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BIO 299 Supervised Study in Biology: Advanced Microbiology (4 cr.)

Assigns problems for independent study by the student, incorporating previous instruction and supervised by the instructor. Provides students the opportunity to research scientific literature on their selected topic, design and conduct a lab study, assemble and analyze observed lab data, and complete a final report on this research. Prerequisites: One year of college biology (BIO 101 and 102) and one semester of college chemistry (CHM 111 or CHM 101) or faculty approval. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: BIO 205. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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BIO 299 Supervised Study in Biology: Intermediate Microbiology (2 cr.)

Assigns problems for independent study by the student, incorporating previous instruction and supervised by the instructor. Provides students the opportunity to research scientific literature on their selected topic, design and conduct a lab study, assemble and analyze observed lab data, and complete a final report on this research. Prerequisites: One year of college biology and one semester of college chemistry or faculty approval. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: BIO 205. Lecture 2 hours per week.
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BIO 299 Supervised Study in Ecology: Advanced (4 cr.)

Assigns problems for independent study by the student, incorporating previous instruction and supervised by the instructor. Provides students an opportunity to research scientific literature on their selected topic, design a field study to be conducted, assemble and analyze observed field data, and complete a final report on this research. Prerequisites: One year of college biology (including BIO 102) and MTH 163 or MTH 166 or faculty approval. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 6 hours. Total 8 hours per week.
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BIO 299 Supervised Study in Ecology: Intermediate (2 cr.)

Assigns problems for independent study by the student, incorporating previous instruction and supervised by the instructor. Provides students the opportunity to research scientific literature on their selected topic, design a field study to be conducted, assemble and analyze observed field data, and complete a final report on this research. Prerequisites: One year of college biology (including BIO 102) and MTH 163 or MTH 166 or faculty approval. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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BUILDING [top]

BLD 101 Construction Management I (3 cr.)

Presents overview of all phases of construction project management. Introduces students to philosophy, responsibilities, methodology, and techniques of the construction process. Introduces topics related to the construction and design industries, organizations, construction contracts, bidding procedures, insurance, taxes, bonding, cost accounting, and business methods, including basic computer usage, safety, and general project management procedures. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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BLD 103 Principles of Residential Building Construction Inspection (3 cr.)

Introduces general principles of residential building inspection including materials, foundations, framing, finishing, and building codes. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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BLD 210 Building Structures (3 cr.)

Introduces analysis and design of steel, wood, and reinforced concrete structural members, including loads, reactions, bending moments, stresses, and deflection for selection of beam and column sizes. Considers bolted and welded connections in steel design. Introduces determination of reinforcing steel sizes and arrangements in concrete members. Prerequisite: MTH 115. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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BLD 231 Construction Estimating (3 cr.)

Focuses on materials takeoff and computing quantities from working drawings and specifications. Includes methods for computing quantities of concrete, steel, masonry, roofing, and excavation. Deals with pricing building components, materials and processes, as well as transportation and handling costs, markup discount procedures, equipment costs, and labor rates. Prerequisites: ARC 131 and ARC 132 or instructor's approval. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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BLD 247 Construction Planning and Scheduling (3 cr.)

Introduces principles of planning and scheduling a construction project. Includes sequence of events and processes on a construction site. Studies scheduling techniques, including the critical path method. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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BASIC SKILLS [top]

BSK 1 Whole Numbers (1 cr.)

Covers whole number principles and computations. Develops the mathematical mastery necessary for MTE 1. Credits not applicable toward graduation. Lecture 4 hours per week for ¼ semester.
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BSK 41 Language Arts, Level 1 (2 cr.)

Introduces basic reading and writing skills in preparation for subsequent courses by focusing on vocabulary development (simple phonics, dictionary skills), conventions of Standard English (basic grammar, punctuation, sentence structure), reading comprehension (reading process, topics), study skills (time management, textbook format), and critical thinking skills (fact and opinion). Lecture 2 hours per week.
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BUSINESS MANAGEMENT/ADMINISTRATION [top]

BUS 100 Introduction to Business (3 cr.)

Presents a broad introduction to the functioning of business enterprise within the U.S. economic framework. Introduces economic systems, essential elements of business organization, production, human resource management, marketing, finance, and risk management. Develops business vocabulary. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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BUS 111 Principles of Supervision I (3 cr.)

Teaches the fundamentals of supervision, including the primary responsibilities of the supervisor. Introduces factors relating to the work of supervisor and subordinates. Covers aspects of leadership, job management, work improvement, training and orientation, performance evaluation, and effective employee/supervisor relationships. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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BUS 116 Entrepreneurship (3 cr.)

Presents the various steps considered necessary when going into business. Includes areas, such as product-service analysis, market research evaluation, setting up books, ways to finance start-up, operations of the business, development of business plans, buyouts versus starting from scratch, and franchising. Uses problems and cases to demonstrate implementation of these techniques. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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BUS 117 Leadership Development (3 cr.)

Covers interpersonal relations in hierarchical structures. Examines the dynamics of teamwork, motivation, handling change and conflict, and how to achieve positive results through others. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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BUS 125 Applied Business Mathematics (3 cr.)

Applies mathematical operations to business process and problems: wages and payroll, sales and property taxes, checkbook records and bank reconciliation, depreciation, overhead, distribution of profit and loss in partnerships, distribution of corporate dividends, commercial discounts, markup, markdown, simple interest, present values, bank discount notes, multiple payment plans, compound interest, annuities, sinking funds, and amortization. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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BUS 146 Introduction to Labor Relations (3 cr.)

Examines history of the labor unions, labor contracts, bargaining processes, philosophy of unionism; use of bargaining techniques for non-wage issues; legal, social, and economic context of labor-management relations; responsibilities and duties of unions and management; analysis of public policy; and current state of the labor movement. May apply simulation and cases of arbitration and collective bargaining procedures. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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BUS 165 Small Business Management (3 cr.)

Identifies management concerns unique to small businesses. Introduces the requirements necessary to initiate a small business and identifies the elements comprising a business plan. Presents information establishing financial and administrative controls, developing a marketing strategy, managing business operations, and the legal and government relationships specific to small businesses. Prerequisite: BUS 116 or BUS 200 or school approval. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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BUS 200 Principles of Management (3 cr.)

Teaches management and the management functions of planning, organizing, leading, and controlling. Focuses on application of management principles to realistic situations managers encounter as they attempt to achieve organizational objectives. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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BUS 201 Organizational Behavior (3 cr.)

Presents a behaviorally-oriented course combining the functions of management with the psychology of leading and managing people. Focuses on the effective use of human resources through understanding human motivation and behavior patterns, conflict management and resolution, group functioning and process, the psychology of decision-making, and the importance of recognizing and managing change. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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BUS 202 Applied Management Principles (3 cr.)

Focuses on management practices and issues. May use case studies and/or management decision models to analyze problems in developing and implementing a business strategy, while creating and maintaining competitive advantage. Prerequisite: BUS 200. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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BUS 205 Human Resource Management (3 cr.)

Introduces employment, selection, and placement of personnel; forecasting; job analysis; job descriptions; training methods and programs; employee evaluation systems; compensation; benefits; and labor relations. Includes procedures for management of human resources and uses case studies and problems to demonstrate implementation of these techniques. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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BUS 208 Quality and Productivity Management (3 cr.)

Focuses on the key quality improvement concepts regarding products and services, customers and suppliers, and systems and processes that make quality a part of the work life of an organization. Emphasizes the role of teams, including team meeting skills and techniques, and a variety of quality improvement tools, such as flowcharts, run charts, Pareto diagrams, cause and effect diagrams, evaluation matrices, and implementation road maps. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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BUS 209 Continuous Quality Improvement (3 cr.)

Presents the different philosophies in Quality Control. Introduces students to Process Improvement, Team Development, Consensus Building, and Problem-Solving Strategies. Identifies methods for Process Improvement in manufacturing and service organizations, which includes Statistical Process Control when used in the quality control function of business and industry. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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BUS 220 Introduction to Business Statistics (3 cr.)

Introduces statistics as a tool in decision-making. Emphasizes ability to collect, present, and analyze data. Employs measures of central tendency and dispersion, statistical inference, index numbers, probability theory, and time series analysis. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: Keyboarding competence. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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BUS 221 Business Statistics I (3 cr.)

Focuses on statistical methodology in the collection, organization, presentation, and analysis of data; concentrates on measures of central tendency, dispersion, probability concepts and distribution, sampling, statistical estimation, normal and T distribution and hypotheses for means and proportions. Prerequisite: MTH 163 or school approval. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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BUS 240 Introduction to Business Law (3 cr.)

Presents an introduction to the American legal system, including an overview of the courts and civil and criminal law. Develops an in-depth understanding of contracts, agency law, and business organizations. Also includes an overview of property, UCC Sales, and Commercial Paper. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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BUS 260 Planning for Small Business (3 cr.)

Provides knowledge of the development of a business plan, which can be used to acquire capital and serve as a management guide. Combines knowledge that has been acquired in the areas of planning, management, and finance, using proforma statements and marketing. Covers internet searching techniques. Recommended as a capstone course. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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BUS 265 Ethical Issues in Management (3 cr.)

Examines the legal, ethical, and social responsibilities of management. May use cases to develop the ability to think and act responsibly. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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BUS 290 Coordinated Internship in Business Management and Administration (3 cr.)

Provides supervised on-the-job training in selected business, industrial, or service firms coordinated by the college. Laboratory 15 hours per week.
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BUS 298 Seminar & Project in Business Management and Administration (3 cr.)

Requires completion of a project or research report related to the student's occupational objective and a study of approaches to the selection and pursuit of career opportunities in the field. Prerequisite: Students should have completed most of the management courses before enrolling in this course. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT [top]

CHD 118 Language Arts for Young Children (3 cr.)

Presents techniques and methods for encouraging the development of language and perceptual skills in young children. Stresses improvement of vocabulary and speech and methods to stimulate discussion. Surveys children's literature, examines elements of quality storytelling and story reading, and stresses the use of audiovisual materials. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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CHD 119 Introduction to Reading Methods (3 cr.)

Focuses on promoting language and literacy skills as the foundation for emergent reading. Emphasizes phonetic awareness and alphabetic principles, print awareness and concepts, comprehension, and early reading and writing. Addresses strategies for intervention and support for exceptional children and English Language Learners. NOTE: This course replaces CHD 117. Prerequisite: Placement recommendation for ENG 111 or placement recommendation for co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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CHD 120 Introduction to Early Childhood Education (3 cr.)

Introduces early childhood development through activities and experiences in nursery, pre-kindergarten, kindergarten, and primary programs. Investigates classroom organization and procedures, and use of classroom time and materials, approaches to education for young children, professionalism, and curricular procedures. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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CHD 121 Childhood Educational Development I (3 cr.)

Focuses attention on the observable characteristics of children from birth through adolescence. Concentrates on cognitive, physical, social, and emotional changes that occur. Emphasizes the relationship between development and child's interactions with parents, siblings, peers, and teachers. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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CHD 145 Teaching Art, Music, and Movement to Children (3 cr.)

Provides experiences in developing the content, methods, and materials for directing children in art, music, and movement activities. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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CHD 146 Math, Science, and Social Studies for Children (3 cr.)

Provides experiences in developing the content, methods, and materials for directing children in math, science, and social studies activities. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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CHD 165 Observation and Participation in Early Childhood/Primary Settings (3 cr.)

Provides students an opportunity to observe and participate in early childhood settings, such as child care centers, pre-schools, Montessori schools, or public schools in Kindergarten through 3rd grade levels. Students spend one hour each week in a seminar session in addition to 60 clock hours in the field. May be taken again for credit. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 6 hours. Total 7 hours per week.
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CHD 166 Infant and Toddler Programs (3 cr.)

Examines the fundamentals of infant and toddler development, including planning and implementing programs in group care. Emphasizes meeting physical, social, emotional, and cognitive needs. Covers scheduling, preparing age-appropriate activities, health and safety policies, recordkeeping, and reporting to parents. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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CHD 205 Guiding the Behavior of Children (3 cr.)

Explores positive ways to build self-esteem in children and help them develop self-control. Presents practical ideas for encouraging pro-social behavior in children and emphasizes basic skills and techniques in classroom and group management. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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CHD 210 Introduction to Exceptional Children (3 cr.)

Reviews the history of education for exceptional children. Studies the characteristics associated with exceptional children, including the gifted child. Explores positive techniques for managing behavior and adapting materials for classroom use. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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CHD 215 Models of Early Childhood Education Programs (3 cr.)

Studies and discusses the various models and theories of early childhood education programs, including current trends and issues. Presents state licensing and staff requirements. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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CHD 216 Early Childhood Programs, School, and Social Change (3 cr.)

Explores methods of developing positive, effective relations between staff and parents to enhance the developmental goals of home and school. Reviews current trends and issues in education, describes symptoms of homes in need of support, investigates nontraditional family and cultural patterns, and lists community resources. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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CHD 220 Introduction to School-Age Child Care (3 cr.)

Examines the purposes of school-age child care in today's society, the role of adults within school-age child care, and the state of the profession of school-age child care. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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CHD 225 Curriculum Development for School-Age Child Care (3 cr.)

Explores the creative activities, techniques, interactions, and program development that promote positive social and emotional growth in school-age children. Emphasizes positive development through everyday programming and experiences. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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CHD 230 Behavior Management for School-Age Child Care (3 cr.)

Discusses the development of social skills that school-age children need for self-management, including self-discipline, self-esteem, and coping with stress and anger. Explores ways to effectively guide and discipline school-age children, focusing on how adults can facilitate positive pro-social and self-management skills. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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CHD 235 Health and Recreation for School-Age Child Care (3 cr.)

Examines the physical growth of school-age children and the role of health and recreation in school-age child development. Explores the use of medication, misuse of drugs, health issues of children, and the availability of community resources. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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CHD 265 Advanced Observation & Participation in Early Childhood/Primary Settings (3 cr.)

Provides students an opportunity to observe and participate in early childhood settings, such as child care centers, pre-school, Montessori schools, or public school settings (kindergarten through third grade). Emphasizes planning and implementation of appropriate activities and materials for children. Students will spend one hour each week in a seminar session in addition to 60 clock hours in the field. May be taken again for credit. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 6 hours. Total 7 hours per week.
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CHD 270 Administration of Child Care Programs (3 cr.)

Examines the skills needed for establishing and managing early childhood programs. Emphasizes professionalism and interpersonal skills, program planning, staff selection and development, creating policies, budgeting, and developing forms for recordkeeping. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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CHD 298 Seminar and Project in Childhood Development: Portfolio Development (1 cr.)

Requires the completion of a project or research report related to the student's occupational objectives and a study of approaches to the selection and pursuit of career opportunities in the field. Serves, in conjunction with CHD 265, as the capstone course for the Early Childhood Development Associate of Applied Science degree. Focuses on the development of a portfolio to demonstrate professional competence in the field of early care and education. The resulting portfolio will be reviewed by early childhood faculty and other designated early childhood professionals. Laboratory 2 hours per week.
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CHEMISTRY [top]

CHM 1 Chemistry I (4 cr.)

Presents basic inorganic and organic principles to students with little or no chemistry background. Taught as pass/fail, the course can be taken in subsequent semesters as necessary until course objectives are completed. The credits are not applicable to any of the college's academic programs, although high school-level chemistry or higher may be required for entrance into certain programs. The credits do not transfer. Prerequisite: MTE 3 or equivalent. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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CHM 101 General Chemistry I (4 cr.)

Emphasizes experimental and theoretical aspects of inorganic, organic, and biological chemistry. Discusses general chemistry concepts as they apply to issues within our society and environment. Designed for the non-science major. Part I of II. Prerequisite: Competency in Math Essentials (MTE) units 1-6 as demonstrated through the placement and diagnostics tests or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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CHM 102 General Chemistry II (4 cr.)

Emphasizes experimental and theoretical aspects of inorganic, organic, and biological chemistry. Discusses general chemistry concepts as they apply to issues within our society and environment. Designed for the non-science major. Part II of II. Prerequisite: CHM 101 or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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CHM 111 College Chemistry I (4 cr.)

Explores the fundamental laws, theories, and mathematical concepts of chemistry. Designed primarily for science and engineering majors. Requires a strong background in mathematics. Part I of II. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: MTH 163 or higher. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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CHM 112 College Chemistry II (4 cr.)

Explores the fundamental laws, theories, and mathematical concepts of chemistry. Designed primarily for science and engineering majors. Requires a strong background in mathematics. Part II of II. Prerequisite: CHM 111. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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CHM 241 Organic Chemistry I (3 cr.)

Introduces fundamental chemistry of carbon compounds, including structures, physical and chemical properties, syntheses, and typical reactions. Emphasizes reaction mechanisms. Part I of II. Prerequisite: CHM 112 or equivalent. Co-requisite: CHM 245. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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CHM 242 Organic Chemistry II (3 cr.)

Introduces fundamental chemistry of carbon compounds, including structures, physical and chemical properties, syntheses, and typical reactions. Emphasizes reaction mechanisms. Part II of II. Prerequisite: CHM 241. Co-requisite: CHM 246. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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CHM 243 Organic Chemistry Laboratory I (1 cr.)

Provides a laboratory experience for students in organic synthesis and qualitative organic analysis. Part I of II. Prerequisite: CHM 112 or permission of instructor. Co-requisite: CHM 241. Laboratory 3 hours per week.
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CHM 244 Organic Chemistry Laboratory II (1 cr.)

Provides a laboratory experience for students in organic synthesis and qualitative organic analysis. Part II of II. Prerequisite: CHM 112 or permission of instructor. Co-requisite: CHM 242. Laboratory 3 hours per week.
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CHM 245 Organic Chemistry Laboratory I (2 cr.)

Introduces fundamental chemistry of carbon compounds, structures, and properties. Emphasizes reaction mechanisms and synthesis. Includes qualitative organic analysis. Co-requisite: CHM 241. Laboratory 6 hours per week.
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CHM 246 Organic Chemistry Laboratory II (2 cr.)

Introduces fundamental chemistry of carbon compounds, structures, and properties. Emphasizes reaction mechanisms and synthesis. Includes qualitative organic analysis. Co-requisite: CHM 242. Laboratory 6 hours per week.
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CHM 260 Introductory Biochemistry (3 cr.)

Explores fundamentals of biological chemistry. Includes study of macromolecules, metabolic pathways, and biochemical genetics. Prerequisites: CHM 112 and satisfactory placement score for ENG 111. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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CIVIL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY [top]

CIV 135 Construction Management and Estimating (3 cr.)

Teaches the equipment and methods used in construction. Includes principles and economics of construction, planning and management, and principles of estimating primarily using highway and building project examples. Co-requisite: MTH 115 or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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CIV 160 Transportation Engineering (3 cr.)

Presents the practical application of transportation design, including administration, location studies, traffic surveys, alignment design, drainage design, intersection and interchange design, pavement types, and pavement design. Co-requisite: MTH 115 or instructor's approval. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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CIV 171 Surveying I (3 cr.)

Introduces surveying equipment, procedures, and computations, including adjustment of instruments, distance measurement, leveling, angle measurement, traversing, traverse adjustments, area computations, and introduction to topography. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: MTH 115 or equivalent. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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CIV 172 Surveying II (3 cr.)

Introduces surveys for transportation systems, including the preparation and analysis of topographic maps, horizontal and vertical curves, earthwork, and other topics related to transportation construction. Prerequisite: CIV 171 or equivalent. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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CIV 190 Coordinated Internship in Civil Engineering (3 cr.)

Provides supervised on-the-job training in selected business, industrial, or service firms coordinated by the college. Laboratory 15 hours per week.
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CIV 225 Soil Mechanics (2 cr.)

Focuses on soil in its relationship to engineering construction. Includes soil composition and structure, weight-volume relationships, sampling procedures, classification systems, water in soil, stresses, strains, bearing capacity, settlement and expansion, compaction, stabilization, and introduction to foundations and retaining walls. Prerequisite: MTH 115 or equivalent. Lecture 2 hours per week.
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CIV 226 Soil Mechanics Laboratory (1 cr.)

Introduces practical soil sampling; classification of unified, ASTM, and ASSHTO specifications; and laboratory testing of soils to predict engineering performance. Co-requisite: CIV 225. Laboratory 2 hours per week.
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CIV 241 Applied Hydraulics and Drainage I (3 cr.)

Presents the basic fundamentals of hydrology and hydraulics to the practical problems of drainage design. Stresses the use of design aids with supportive theory to ensure an understanding of the background, the theory of development, basic assumptions and limitations of the various methods of estimating storm water runoff, and hydraulic structure design. Part I of II. Prerequisite: MTH 116 or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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CIV 242 Applied Hydraulics and Drainage II (3 cr.)

Presents the basic fundamentals of hydrology and hydraulics to the practical problems of drainage design. Stresses the use of design aids with supportive theory to ensure an understanding of the background, the theory of development, basic assumptions and limitations of the various methods of estimating storm water runoff, and hydraulic structure design. Part II of II. Prerequisite: CIV 241. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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CIV 256 Global Positioning Systems for Land Surveying (3 cr.)

Introduces principles of satellite-based surveying and presents Global Positioning System (GPS) as it is utilized in land surveying and the various components of the GPS technology and the techniques through which the GPS technology may be used in land surveys. Utilizes field surveys using the GPS equipment as part of the laboratory activities. Covers the same content as GIS 256. Credit will not be granted for both courses. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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CIV 265 Curves and Earthwork (3 cr.)

Studies computations of simple, compound, and transition curves; grades and vertical curves; and earthwork and haul quantities. Prerequisite: CIV 172 or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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CIV 270 Utilizing Surveying Software (3 cr.)

Introduces computer applications for conventional coordinate-geometry (COGO) calculations. Studies and evaluates numerous COGO software and their associated drafting packages. Includes calculations and drafting of traverse adjustment, subdivision, curves, and others. Prerequisite: CIV 172 or equivalent. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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CIV 280 Introduction to Environmental Engineering (3 cr.)

Introduces the engineering elements of water and wastewater treatment, water distribution and wastewater collection systems, solid and hazardous waste, erosion control, and storm water management. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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CIV 299 Supervised Study in Civil Engineering: CAD for Hydraulics and Drainage Design (3 cr.)

Assigns problems for independent study, incorporating previous instruction and supervised by the instructor. Develops expertise in the use of computer-aided design specifically in relation to the design of drainage and hydraulic systems as addressed in civil engineering projects. Prerequisite: MTH 116. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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COMPUTER SCIENCE [top]

CSC 130 Scientific Programming (3 cr.)

Introduces a science and engineering-oriented, high-level programming language. Studies the C language and its application in problem solving in a structured programming environment. Includes the concepts and practice of structured programming, problem solving, top-down design of algorithms, basic C syntax, control structures, arrays, and data structures. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: MTH 173 or equivalent. Prerequisite: CSC 110 or permission of the instructor. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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CSC 155 Computer Concepts and Applications (3 cr.)

Introduces basic hardware and software concepts of computer usage, programming languages, and the computer's impact on society. Includes applications of various types of software to illustrate how computers are used in sciences, social sciences, humanities, and education. Covers the use of an operating system, word processing, spreadsheets, e-mail, library access, database access and retrieval, presentation graphics, and the Internet. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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CSC 200 Introduction to Computer Science (3 cr.)

Provides a broad introduction to computer science. Discusses architecture and the function of computer hardware, including networks and operating systems, data and instruction representation, and data organization. Covers software, algorithms, programming languages, and software engineering. Discusses artificial intelligence and theory of computation. Includes a hands-on component with oral and written presentations. Prerequisite: MTH 166 or equivalent with a grade of "C" or better. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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CSC 201 Computer Science I (4 cr.)

Introduces algorithm and problem-solving methods. Emphasizes structured programming concepts, elementary data structures, and the study and use of a high-level programming language. Co-requisite: MTH 173 or equivalent or school approval. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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CSC 202 Computer Science II (4 cr.)

Examines data structures, introduction to object-oriented design, and algorithm analysis. Covers data structures (including sets, strings, stacks, queues, arrays, records, files, linked lists, and trees), polymorphism, inheritance, exceptions, interfaces, abstract data types, algorithm analysis (including searching and sorting methods), and file structures. Prerequisite: CSC 201 with a grade of "C" or better. Co-requisite: MTH 174. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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CSC 205 Computer Organization (4 cr.)

Examines the hierarchical structure of computer architecture. Focuses on multi-level machine organization. A simple assembler language is used by students to complete programming projects. Includes processors, instruction execution, addressing techniques, data representation, and digital logic. Prerequisite: CSC 202. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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CSC 208 Introduction to Discrete Structures (3 cr.)

Covers Boolean algebra, combinatorial and sequential circuits, algorithms and algorithm analysis, recursion, recurrence relations, graphs, and trees. Prerequisites: CSC 201 and MTH 287 with a grade of C or better. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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CSC 210 Programming with C++ (3 cr.)

Covers advanced topics using the syntax of the C++ language. Includes language syntax, problem-solving techniques, top-down refinement, procedure definition, loop invariance, theory of numerical errors, program design, objects, classes, inheritance, files, strings, linked lists, stacks, queues, binary trees, recursion, and basic searching and sorting techniques, and debugging. Prerequisites: CSC 130, or CSC 201 and 202, or EGR 125, or permission of instructor. Co-requisite: MTH 173. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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COMMUNICATION STUDIES AND THEATRE [top]

CST 100 Principles of Public Speaking (3 cr.)

Applies theory and principles of public address with emphasis on preparation and delivery. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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CST 110 Introduction to Speech Communication (3 cr.)

Examines the elements affecting speech communication at the individual, small group, and public communication levels with emphasis on practice of communication at each level. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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CST 151 Film Appreciation I (3 cr.)

Provides students with a critical understanding of film through the discussion and viewing of motion pictures with emphasis upon the study of film history and the forms and functions of film. Students will develop skills to analyze the shared social, cultural, and historical influences of films and their contexts. Prerequisites: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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CST 229 Intercultural Communication (3 cr.)

Emphasizes the influence of culture on the communication process, including differences in values, message systems, and communication; focuses on the importance of culture in everyday living; acknowledges the growing need to communicate across cultures in an era of rapid globalization; and presents strategies for effective communication in a culturally-diverse workplace and community. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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DIETETICS [top]

DIT 121 Nutrition I (3 cr.)

Studies food composition, dietary guidelines, and nutrients essential to healthy human life. Analyzes nutrient function and metabolism. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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DENTAL ASSISTING [top]

DNA 100 Introduction to Oral Health Professions (1 cr.)

Provides an introduction to the oral health professions and covers basic terminology, historical perspective, the credentialing process, accreditation, professional organizations, and legal and ethical considerations. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: Completion of courses in the Pre-Dental Assisting Career Studies Certificate. Lecture 1 hour per week.
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DNA 103 Introduction to Oral Health (1 cr.)

Teaches anatomy of the head and neck, the hard and soft tissues of the oral cavity, tooth morphology, deciduous and permanent dentition, as well as dental pathology and terminology. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: Completion of courses in the Pre-Dental Assisting Career Studies Certificate. Lecture 1 hour per week.
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DNA 108 Dental Science (3 cr.)

Studies head and neck anatomy, tooth morphology, pathological conditions of the oral cavity, disease processes, and microbiology. Prerequisite: Completion of courses in the Pre-Dental Assisting Career Studies Certificate. Prerequisites or Co-requisites: DNA 100 and DNA 103. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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DNA 109 Practical Infection Control (3 cr.)

Studies principles of management of disease producing microorganisms and associated diseases. Emphasizes sterilization, asepsis, and disinfection techniques applicable in the dental office. Prerequisite: Completion of courses in Pre-Dental Assisting Career Studies Certificate. Prerequisites or Co-requisites: DNA 100, DNA 103, and DNA 108. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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DNA 110 Dental Materials (3 cr.)

Studies the materials utilized in the laboratory aspect of dentistry as support in treatment. Emphasizes the characteristics, manipulation, economical control, storage, and delivery of materials. Prerequisite: Completion of courses in the Pre-Dental Assisting Career Studies Certificate. Prerequisites or Co-requisites: DNA 100, DNA 103, DNA 108, and DNA 109. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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DNA 113 Chairside Assisting I (3 cr.)

Provides instruction on the principles of clinical chairside dental assisting, dental equipment use and maintenance, safety, instrument identification, tray set-ups by procedures, and patient data collection. Emphasizes patient management during restorative procedures. Prerequisite: Completion of courses in the Pre-Dental Assisting Career Studies Certificate. Prerequisites or Co-requisites: DNA 100, DNA 103, DNA 108, DNA 109, and DNA 110. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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DNA 114 Chairside Assisting II (4 cr.)

Introduces the student to the various dental specialties, including oral surgery, orthodontics, periodontics, prosthodontics, endodontics, and pediatric dentistry. Emphasizes integration and application of previous course content to operative dental procedures. Prerequisite: DNA 190. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 6 hours. Total 8 hours per week.
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DNA 119 Dental Therapeutics (1 cr.)

Exposes students to concepts and terminology related to pharmacology, pain control, and dental medicinal agents. Emphasizes the use of materials in patient treatment. Prerequisites: DNA 100, DNA 103, DNA 108, DNA 109, and DNA 110. Lecture 1 hour per week.
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DNA 120 Community Health (1 cr.)

Studies topics related to community health issues, including identification of specific diseases, symptoms, causes, and effects. Emphasizes the promotion of oral health in the community through patient education in oral home care techniques, dietary counseling, plaque control procedures, and application of medicinal agents. Prerequisites: DNA 100, DNA 103, DNA 108, DNA 109, and DNA 110. Lecture 1 hour per week.
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DNA 130 Dental Office Management (3 cr.)

Exposes students to and provides practical experience in the legal aspects of dental office management with regard to ethics, jurisprudence, appointment control, recall systems, reception techniques, telephone techniques, accounts receivable and payable, payroll insurance claims, inventory control, and professional conduct in a dental office. Prerequisites: DNA 100 and DNA 103. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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DNA 134 Dental Radiology and Practicum (3 cr.)

Teaches the physics of dental radiation and safety, equipment operation, cone placement for the parallel and bisection techniques, panoramic exposures, mounting, and film processing. Prerequisites: DNA 100, DNA 103, DNA 108, DNA 109, and DNA 110. Students must be at least 18 years old to enroll in course. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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DNA 140 Externship (5 cr.)

Exposes students to the fast pace of a dental practice while they perform support services with an established team. Prerequisites: DNA 114 and DNA 190. Co-requisites: DNA 119, DNA 120, and DNA 134. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 12 hours. Total 13 hours per week.
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DNA 190 Coordinated Internship in Dental Assisting (2 cr.)

Provides students clinical experience to supplement DNA 113 through hands-on experience in the dental clinic at Reynolds. Students will be assisting staff. Prerequisite: Completion of the Pre-Dental Assisting Career Studies Certificate. Prerequisites or Co-requisites: DNA 100, DNA 103, DNA 108, DNA 109, DNA 110, and DNA 113. Laboratory 8 hours per week.
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DNA 196 On-Site Training in Dental Assisting (5 cr.)

Provides career orientation and training within the private practice community of dentistry by exposing students to the fast-paced dental office environment in which the student performs chairside and support services with an established team. Focuses on restorative and specialty fields. Students will complete the required number of clinical hours within the two fields. Prerequisites: DNA 100 through DNA 190. Laboratory 24 hours per week.
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DENTAL LABORATORY [top]

DNL 100 Professional Ethics and Dental History (2 cr.)

Introduces students to the dental professional and supporting personnel; history and development of dentistry; the role of dental auxiliaries in laboratory settings and to members of the dental lab craft and others of the dental health team; dental ethics and jurisprudence; professional and educational opportunities. Prerequisites: General admission to the college. Successful completion of all placement tests. An interview with the program head is required to establish interest, motivation, and aptitudes for dental laboratory technology. Lecture 2 hours per week.
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DNL 110 Dental Laboratory Materials (3 cr.)

Studies chemical composition, physical properties, and uses of metallic and non-metallic dental materials, dentures and tooth resins, porcelain, waxes and duplicating materials. The laboratory exercises are designed to illustrate the properties and uses of the materials studied, including their inherent limitations. Students observe fabrication procedure demonstrations and receive one-on-one instruction during part of the laboratory sessions. Prerequisites: General admission to the college. Students must successfully complete all placement tests and have an interview with the program head to determine interests, motivation, and aptitudes related to dental lab technology. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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DNL 120 Dental Anatomy and Physiology (3 cr.)

Introduces students to human anatomy and physiology. Emphasizes regions of the head and neck and the primary and permanent teeth. Laboratory exercises include accurate scale drawings of the permanent teeth and tooth carvings of the permanent teeth. Students observe fabrication procedure and demonstrations and receive one-on-one instruction during part of the laboratory sessions. Prerequisites: General admission to the college. Students must pass all placement tests and have an interview with the program head to determine interest, motivation, and aptitudes relating to dental laboratory technology. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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DNL 130 Introduction to Complete Dentures (6 cr.)

Introduces the student to the basic principles, knowledge, and skills involved in the proper construction of complete dentures. Includes introduction to articulation and occlusal harmony followed by repair, relining, and reconstruction techniques. Students observe fabrication procedure demonstrations and receive one-on-one instruction during part of the laboratory sessions. Prerequisites: General admission to the college. Students must pass all placement tests and have an interview with the program head in order to determine interest, motivation, and aptitudes related to dental lab technology. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 9 hours. Total 12 hours per week.
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DNL 135 Introduction to Removable Partial Dentures (6 cr.)

Introduces students to the principles of surveying and designing of removable partial denture frameworks followed by the fabrication and repair of removable partial dentures. Students will observe fabrication procedure demonstrations and receive one-on-one instruction during part of the laboratory sessions. Prerequisites: General admission to the college. Students must pass all placement tests and interview with the program head in order to determine interest, motivation, and aptitudes in dental lab technology. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 9 hours. Total 12 hours per week.
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DNL 136 Principles of Occlusion (3 cr.)

Provides a general overview of the masticatory system and the dynamics of mandibular movement. Occlusal restorations are fabricated in wax on a semi-adjustable articulator according to functional criteria. Students observe fabrication procedure demonstrations and receive one-on-one instruction during part of the laboratory sessions. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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DNL 137 Orthodontic and Pedodontic Appliances (3 cr.)

Develops student's ability to fabricate and repair pedodontic and orthodontic appliances. This laboratory-didactic course utilizes programmed instruction augmented by individualized assistance and demonstration. Students observe fabrication procedure demonstrations and receive one-on-one instruction during part of the laboratory sessions. Prerequisites: General admission to the college. Students must interview with the program head to determine interest, motivation, and aptitudes in dental lab technology. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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DNL 138 Introduction to Fixed Prosthodontics (6 cr.)

Introduces students to fixed prosthodontic restorations. The student practices the techniques of die preparation and the fabrication of inlays, crowns, and fixed partial dentures utilizing gold alloy, shaded acrylic, and composite materials. Students observe fabrication procedure demonstrations and receive one-on-one instruction during part of the laboratory sessions. Prerequisites: General admission to the college. An interview with the program head is required to determine interest, motivation, and aptitudes related to dental laboratory activities. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 9 hours. Total 12 hours per week.
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DNL 140 Dental Anatomy, Physiology, and Principles of Occlusion (5 cr.)

Introduces students to human anatomy, physiology and occlusion. Emphasizes regions of the head and neck and the primary and permanent teeth. Provides a general overview of the masticatory system and the dynamics of mandibular movement. Includes laboratory exercises related to accurate scale drawings of the permanent teeth and tooth waxings of the permanent teeth. Features occlusal restorations fabricated in wax on a semi-adjustable articulator according to functional criteria. Covers fabrication procedure and demonstrations. Prerequisites: General admission to the college. Students must pass all placement tests and have an interview with the program head to determine interest, motivation, and aptitudes relating to dental laboratory technology. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 6 hours. Total 9 hours per week.
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DNL 160 Removable Prosthodontic Techniques (3 cr.)

Introduces the student to repairing, rebasing, and relining complete and partial dentures. Provides additional experience in fabricating upper and lower complete dentures. Introduces the student to mounting, setting of teeth, processing, and finishing removable partial dentures. Studies the need for and how to attain balanced occlusion in removable partial denture prosthetics. Prerequisite: An interview with the program head to establish interest, motivation, and aptitudes for dental laboratory technology. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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DNL 175 Dental Laboratory Management (2 cr.)

Teaches ethical principles, laws, and organizations which regulate the dental technician and the commercial dental laboratory. Introduces the business fundamentals of operating the dental laboratory. Includes management, marketing, accounting fundamentals, human resources, production, finance, and dental laboratory design. Develops job survival skills. Prerequisites: General admission to the college. An interview with the program head is required in order to determine interest, motivation, and aptitudes for dental laboratory activities. Lecture 2 hours per week.
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DNL 195 Topics in Dental Laboratory: Dental Anatomy, Physiology, and Principles of Occlusion (5 cr.)

Introduces students to human anatomy, physiology and occlusion. Emphasizes regions of the head and neck and the primary and permanent teeth. Provides a general overview of the masticatory system and the dynamics of mandibular movement. Includes laboratory exercises related to accurate scale drawings of the permanent teeth and tooth waxings of the permanent teeth. Features occlusal restorations fabricated in wax on a semi-adjustable articulator according to functional criteria. Covers fabrication procedure and demonstrations. Prerequisites: General admission to the college. Students must pass all placement tests and have an interview with the program head to determine interest, motivation and aptitudes relating to dental laboratory technology. Prerequisites: General admission to the college. Students must pass all placement tests and have an interview with the program head to determine interest, motivation, and aptitudes relating to dental laboratory technology. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 6 hours. Total 9 hours per week.
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DNL 216 Dental Laboratory Practicum (6 cr.)

Provides practical laboratory in two specialties of dental laboratory technique. Designed to strengthen the student¿s skill and knowledge by experience in the utilization of advanced techniques. Gives practical experience in a commercial dental laboratory. Seminars are conducted. Student¿s laboratory work evaluated for clinical acceptability during each laboratory session. Prerequisites: General admission to the college. An interview with the program head is required to determine interest, motivation, and aptitudes for dental laboratory technology. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 15 hours. Total 16 hours per week.
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DNL 220 Introduction to Dental Ceramics (6 cr.)

Introduces students to ceramic and porcelain-fused-to-metal dental restorations. Includes techniques of design and fabrication of metal substructures followed by ceramic firing techniques. Discusses various ceramic alloy and all-ceramic crown techniques. Students observe fabrication procedure demonstrations and receive one-on-one instruction during part of the laboratory sessions. Prerequisites: General admission to the college. Students must interview with the program head in order to determine interest, motivation, and aptitudes in dental lab technology. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 9 hours. Total 12 hours per week.
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DNL 231 Advanced Dental Laboratory Techniques I (2 cr.)

Introduces the theory of advanced dental laboratory techniques and new technological developments that are currently used in dentistry. Prerequisites: General admission to the college. Students must interview with the program head to determine interest, motivation, and aptitudes for dental lab technology. Lecture 2 hours per week.
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DNL 240 Comprehensive Review in Dental Laboratory Technology (2 cr.)

Provides concentrated review of related subject matter pertaining to the Recognized Graduate Examination (National Certification Examination). Prerequisites: General admission to the college. Students are required to interview with the program head to determine interest, motivation, and aptitudes for dental laboratory technology. Lecture 2 hours per week.
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DNL 298 Seminar and Project in Dental Laboratory (1 cr.)

Provides the opportunity for in-depth study and research of an aspect of dental laboratory technology that is of particular interest to the student. A student may fabricate a type of dental appliance, demonstrate a particular technique using a table clinic with visual displays or Power Point presentation. Students must select a topic of interest that must be approved by their Instructor. The project¿s content must be more comprehensive in scope and depth than all other DNL courses offered in the Dental Lab Technology, A.A.S. degree curriculum. Prerequisites: General admission to the college. Students must interview with the program head to determine interest, motivation, and aptitudes for dental lab technology. Lecture 1 hour per week.
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DNL 298 Seminar and Project in Dental Laboratory (3 cr.)

Provides students an opportunity to participate in lecture and dental laboratory experiences that include the following: basic prosthetic fabrication procedures in complete and partial dentures, fixed prosthetics, orthodontic appliances, and various articulators. Prerequisites: Acceptance into the Pre-Nursing and Allied Health, Dental Laboratory Technology CSC and Dental Laboratory Technology AAS degree program. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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DNL 298 Seminar and Project in Dental Laboratory (2 cr.)

Requires completion of a comprehensive dental technology or dental laboratory business research project related to the student's occupational objective. Students are required to complete a research paper describing a dental laboratory procedure/technique or business model for the operation of a commercial dental laboratory. Students will also complete a table clinic presentation illustrating in detail the laboratory procedure/technique or business model. The content and scope of the project must be more comprehensive than all other DNL courses offered in the Dental Lab Technology AAS degree curriculum. Lecture 2 hours per week.
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DRAFTING [top]

DRF 111 Technical Drafting I (3 cr.)

Introduces technical drafting from the fundamentals through advanced drafting practices. Teaches lettering, metric construction, technical sketching, orthographic projection, sections, intersections, development, fasteners, theory, and applications of dimensioning and tolerances. Includes pictorial drawing and preparation of working and detailed drawings. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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DRF 165 Architectural Blueprint Reading (3 cr.)

Emphasizes reading, understanding, and interpreting standard types of architectural drawing, including plans, elevations, sections, and details. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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DRF 231 Computer-Aided Drafting I (3 cr.)

Teaches computer-aided drafting concepts and equipment. Develops a general understanding of components and operating a typical CAD system. DRF 111 is recommended for individuals with no experience in technical drawing prior to enrolling in DRF 231. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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DRF 232 Computer-Aided Drafting II (3 cr.)

Teaches advanced operation in computer-aided drafting. Prerequisite: DRF 231. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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DRF 233 Computer-Aided Drafting III (3 cr.)

Introduces programming skills and exposes students to geometric modeling. Focuses on proficiency in production drawing using a CAD system. Prerequisite: DRF 232. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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DRF 238 Computer-Aided Modeling and Rendering I (3 cr.)

Focuses on training students in the contemporary techniques of 3D modeling, rendering, and animation on the personal computer. Introduces the principles of visualization, sometimes known as photo-realism, which enables the student to create presentation drawings for both architectural and industrial product design. Uses computer animation to produce walk-throughs that will bring the third dimension to architectural designs. 3-D Studio is the primary software used in this course. Part I of II. Prerequisite: DRF 232. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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DRF 239 Computer-Aided Modeling and Rendering II (3 cr.)

Focuses on training students in the contemporary techniques of 3D modeling, rendering, and animation on the personal computer. Introduces the principles of visualization, sometimes known as photo-realism, which enables the student to create presentation drawings for both architectural and industrial product design. Uses computer animation to produce walk-throughs that will bring the third dimension to architectural designs. Part II of II. Prerequisite: DRF 238. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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DIESEL [top]

DSL 111 Introduction to the Diesel Engine (2 cr.)

Studies the modern diesel engine, including its fuel, cooling, induction, and exhaust systems. Covers construction, fabrication, maintenance, tune-up, and minor repair and adjustment. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 3 hours per week.
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DSL 126 Diesel Engine Reconditioning (6 cr.)

Provides basic knowledge of the construction, design, and application of selected modern diesel engines and their components. Covers induction and exhaust systems, cooling and lubricating systems, and fuel injection and governing systems. Provides opportunity to disassemble, inspect, recondition, reassemble, and test selected engines. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 6 hours. Total 9 hours per week.
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DSL 131 Diesel Fuel Systems and Tune-Up (4 cr.)

Teaches maintenance, adjustment, testing, and general repair of the typical fuel injection components used on non-automotive diesel engines. Includes engine and fuel system tune-up procedures and troubleshooting using current diagnostic equipment. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 4 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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DSL 142 Transportation Electrical Systems II (2 cr.)

Studies basic operational theory of electrical systems used in public transportation vehicles. Covers electrical symbols, schematics, troubleshooting procedures, as well as the function, construction, and operation of the electrical system and its components. Prerequisite: Sponsorship by a public transit authority and school approval. Part II of II. Lecture 2 hours per week.
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DSL 143 Diesel Truck Electrical Systems (4 cr.)

Studies the theory and operation of various truck and tractor electrical systems. Covers starting, charging, lighting, and multiplexing systems. Uses modern equipment for measurement, adjustment and troubleshooting, and electrical and electronic systems. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 4 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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DSL 150 Mobile Hydraulics and Pneumatics (3 cr.)

Introduces the theory, operation, and maintenance of hydraulic/pneumatic systems and devices used in mobile applications. Emphasizes the properties of fluid, fluid flow, fluid states, and the application of Bernoulli's equation. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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DSL 152 Diesel Power Trains, Chassis, and Suspension (4 cr.)

Studies the chassis, suspension, steering, and brake systems found on medium and heavy-duty diesel trucks. Covers construction features, operating principles, and service procedures for such power train components as clutches, multi-speed transmissions, propeller shafts, and rear axles. Teaches operations of modern equipment to correct and adjust abnormalities. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 4 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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DSL 160 Air Brake Systems (3 cr.)

Studies the basic operational theory of pneumatic and air brake systems as used in heavy-duty and public transportation vehicles. Covers various air control valves, test system components, and advanced air system schematics. Teaches proper service and preventative maintenance of system. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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DSL 176 Transportation Air Conditioning (2 cr.)

Studies fundamentals of transportation air conditioning. Includes repair, service, and troubleshooting of the refrigeration systems used in road vehicles and heavy equipment. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 3 hours per week.
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DSL 197 Cooperative Education in Diesel Mechanics Technology (3 cr.)

Provides supervised on-the-job training for pay in approved business, industrial, and service firms coordinated by the college. Laboratory 15 hours per week.
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ECONOMICS [top]

ECO 120 Survey of Economics (3 cr.)

Presents a broad overview of economic theory, history, development, and application. Introduces terms, definitions, policies, and philosophies of market economies. Provides some comparison with other economic systems. Includes some degree of exposure to microeconomic and macroeconomic concepts. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ECO 201 Principles of Economics I - Macroeconomics (3 cr.)

Introduces macroeconomics, including the study of Keynesian, classical, monetarist principles and theories; the study of national economic growth, inflation, recession, unemployment, financial markets, and money and banking; and the role of government spending and taxation, along with international trade and investments. Prerequisites: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3; mathematics placement recommendation at MTE 3 or higher. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ECO 202 Principles of Economics II - Microeconomics (3 cr.)

Introduces the basic concepts of microeconomics. Explores the free market concepts with coverage of economic models and graphs, scarcity and choices, supply and demand, elasticity's, marginal benefits and cost, profits, and production and distribution. Prerequisites: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3; mathematics placement recommendation at MTE 3 or higher. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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EDUCATION [top]

EDU 114 Driver Task Analysis (3 cr.)

Introduces the "driver task" as related to the highway transportation system and factors that influence performance ability. Prepares students so they may be eligible to take certification exams for driving school instructors in both public and private schools. Prerequisite: Must be eligible for ENF 1 or ESL 51. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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EDU 195 Topics in Education: Developing Effective Rubrics (1 cr.)

Focuses on developing effective general rubrics as a component of quality instruction. Examines various types of rubrics and learning targets. Prerequisite: Must be a licensed and/or in-service preK-12 teacher or administrator. Lecture 1 hour per week.
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EDU 195 Topics in Education: Establishing Effective Classroom Management (1 cr.)

Develops effective classroom management strategies with an emphasis on creating a holistic classroom management plan. Examines the role of student engagement on classroom behavior and achievement. Focuses on developing positive teacher-student relationships. Discusses teaching philosophies that facilitate effective classroom management. Lecture 1 hour per week.
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EDU 200 Introduction to Teaching as a Profession (3 cr.)

Provides an orientation to the teaching profession in Virginia, including historical perspectives, current issues, and future trends in education on the national and state levels. Emphasizes information about teacher licensure examinations, steps to certification, teacher preparation and induction programs, and attention to critical shortage areas in Virginia. Includes supervised field placement in a K-12 school. Prerequisite: SDV 101 and successful completion of 24 credits of transfer courses. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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EDU 214 Instructional Principles of Driver Education (3 cr.)

Analyzes rules and regulations that govern the conduct of driver education programs with special emphasis on organization and administration. Includes uses in the classroom, driving range, and on the street. Prepares students so they may be eligible to take the state certification exam in driver education. Prerequisite: EDU 114. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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EDU 220 Teaching Reading (3 cr.)

Provides instruction in concepts and strategies involved in teaching reading at the K-12 levels. Includes topics on literacy, components of development, various reading programs, technology integration, and assessment tools. May include field placement in a K-12 school. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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EDU 225 Audiovisual Materials and Computer Software (3 cr.)

Prepares students to construct graphic teaching aids; to select and develop materials for instructional support; and to operate, maintain, and use audiovisual equipment in the classroom. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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EDU 235 Health, Safety, and Nutrition Education (3 cr.)

Focuses on the physical needs of children and explores strategies to meet these needs. Emphasizes positive health routines, hygiene, nutrition, feeding and clothing habits, childhood diseases, and safety. Places emphasis on the development of food habits and concerns in food and nutrition. Describes symptoms and reporting procedures for child abuse. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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EDU 285 Teaching Online Project (TOP) (3 cr.)

Instructs educators in the method and practice for delivery of online course content. Includes instructional technology and instructional design theory and practice, with skills and strategies that educators will use to engage students and create a collaborative online environment. Prerequisite: Proficient working knowledge of the current VCCS online course delivery system. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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EDU 287 Instructional Design for Online Learning (IDOL) (3 cr.)

Introduces learners to the fundamentals of creating and organizing online courses according to the ASSURE Model of instructional design and the standards created by Quality Matters. IDOL covers analyzing learners; writing proper learning objectives; ADA compliance; selecting methods, media, and materials to be used within an online course; utilizing those methods, media, and materials; requiring learner participation; evaluating and revising your course; assessing and measuring performance; and a self-reflection. Prerequisites: Basic computer skills, ability to navigate the World Wide Web, experience using Blackboard in teaching for at least one semester, and permission of the instructor. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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EDU 289 Learning on the Go (LoGo) (3 cr.)

Provides introduction to the fundamentals of implementing mobile technologies in the online teaching and learning environment. Focuses on increasing student engagement using mobile technologies and includes an overview of mobile learning, common applications, researching and applying mobile learning, developing content and materials to be used with mobile devices, assessing in the mobile learning environment, social media, productivity, and a self-reflection. Prerequisites: EDU 287 or equivalent; basic computer skills, including World Wide Web navigation; and experience using Blackboard for a minimum of one semester. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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EDU 295 Topics in Education: Engaging Online Learners with Web 2.0 Applications (ENROLL 2.0) (3 cr.)

Introduces learners to the fundamentals of using various Web 2.0 applications, such as WIMBA, podcasting, and social networking, in order to conduct and manage an online classroom in a manner that promotes student engagement and learning. Prerequisites: EDU 287, basic computer and web navigation skills, and experience using Blackboard for at least one semester for teaching. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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EDU 295 Topics in Education: Learning on the Go (LoGo) (3 cr.)

Introduces learners to the fundamentals of implementing mobile technologies in the online teaching and learning environment. Focuses on increasing student engagement using mobile technologies and includes an overview of mobile learning, common applications, researching and applying mobile learning, developing content and materials to be used with mobile devices, assessing in the mobile learning environment, social media, productivity, and a self-reflection. Prerequisites: EDU 287 or equivalent; basic computer skills, including World Wide Web navigation; and experience using Blackboard for a minimum of one semester. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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EDU 295 Topics in Education: Multimedia for Online Distance and E-learning (MODEL) (3 cr.)

Provides students an opportunity to identify, create, and implement multimedia in an e-learning course. Covers an introduction to multimedia, the ASSURE model of instructional design, various media formats, screen design and user friendliness, storyboards and storyboard development, multimedia development, assessment creation, and incorporating multimedia into Blackboard. Prerequisites: EDU 287, basic computer skills, familiarity with navigating the World Wide Web, and experience using Blackboard in teaching for a minimum of one semester. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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EDU 295 Topics in Education: Teaching Online Project for PreK-12 (TOPPK-12) (3 cr.)

Prepares instructors in the pedagogy and course administration of teaching online courses and provides an overview of various technologies available for online instruction. Focuses on the strategies of collaborating and teaching online. This course is intended for PreK-12 teachers and administrators. Prerequisites: Must be a licensed and/or in-service PreK-12 teacher or administrator and have basic computer skills. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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EDU 295 Topics in Education: Updating Classroom Assessment for Student Growth (3 cr.)

Develops effective assessment practices of in-service teachers. Focuses on a balanced assessment approach emphasizing the use of formative and summative assessments. Utilizes quality rubrics as a vital component of effective classroom assessment. Addresses local, state, and federal requirements that impact classroom assessment. Examines the concept that quality assessment is vital to student success. Emphasizes the application of course content to each teacher's individual classroom setting. Prerequisite: Must be a licensed and/or in-service preK-12 teacher or administrator. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ENGINEERING [top]

EGR 110 Engineering Graphics (3 cr.)

Presents theories and principles of orthographic projection. Studies multiview, pictorial drawings and sketches, geometric construction, sectioning, lettering, tolerancing, dimensioning, and auxiliary projections. Studies the analysis and graphic presentation of space relationships of fundamental geometric elements: points, lines, planes, and solids. Includes instruction in computer-aided drafting. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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EGR 124 Introduction to Engineering and Engineering Methods (3 cr.)

Introduces the engineering profession, professionalism, and ethics. Covers problem presentation, engineering calculations, digital computer applications, word processing, worksheets, programming in FORTRAN or C++, and elementary numerical methods. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: MTH 173. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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EGR 135 Statics for Engineering Technology (3 cr.)

Introduces Newton's Laws, resultants and equilibrium of force systems, and analysis of trusses and frames. Teaches determination of centroids, distributed loads, and moments of inertia. Covers dry friction and force systems in space. Prerequisite: MTH 115. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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EGR 136 Strength of Materials for Engineering Technology (3 cr.)

Presents concepts of stress and strain. Focuses on analysis of stresses and deformations in loaded members, connectors, shafts, beams, columns, and combined stress. Prerequisite: EGR 135. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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EGR 140 Engineering Mechanics - Statics (3 cr.)

Introduces mechanics of vector forces and space, scalar mass and time, including S.I. and U.S. customary units. Teaches equilibrium, free-body diagrams, moments, couples, distributed forces, centroids, moments of inertia, analysis of two-force and multi-force members, and friction and internal forces. Prerequisite: MTH 173. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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EGR 206 Engineering Economy (3 cr.)

Presents economic analysis of engineering alternatives. Studies economic and cost concepts, calculation of economic equivalence, comparison of alternatives, replacement economy, economic optimization in design and operation, depreciation, and after-tax analysis. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: ENG 111. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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EGR 245 Engineering Mechanics - Dynamics (3 cr.)

Presents approach to kinematics of particles in linear and curvilinear motion. Includes kinematics of rigid bodies in plane motion. Teaches Newton's second law, work-energy and power, impulse and momentum, and problem solving using computers. Prerequisite: EGR 140. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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EGR 246 Mechanics of Materials (3 cr.)

Teaches concepts of stress, strain, deformation, internal equilibrium, and basic properties of engineering materials. Analyzes axial loads, torsion, bending, shear, and combined loading. Studies stress transformation and principle stresses, column analysis, and energy principles. Prerequisite: EGR 140. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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EGR 251 Basic Electric Circuits I (3 cr.)

Teaches fundamentals of electric circuits. Includes circuit quantities of charge, current, potential, power, and energy. Teaches resistive circuit analysis; Ohm's and Kirchoff's laws; nodal and mesh analysis; network theorems; and RC, RL, and RLC circuit transient response with constant forcing functions. Teaches AC steady-state analysis, power, and three-phase circuits. Presents frequency domain analysis, resonance, Fourier series, inductively coupled circuits, Laplace transform applications, and circuit transfer functions. Introduces problem solving using computers. Prerequisite: MTH 174 or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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EGR 255 Electric Circuits Laboratory (1 cr.)

Teaches principles and operation of laboratory instruments such as VOM, electronic voltmeters, digital multimeters, oscilloscopes, counters, wave generators, and power supplies. Presents application to circuit measurements, including transient and steady-state response of simple networks with laboratory applications of laws and theories of circuits plus measurement of AC quantities. Co-requisite: EGR 251. Laboratory 3 hours per week.
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EGR 261 Signals and Systems (3 cr.)

Presents the concept of linear continuous-time and discrete-time signals and systems. Covers Laplace transforms and Laplace transform analysis of circuits; time and frequency domain representation of linear systems; methods of linear systems analysis, including convolution and Laplace transforms; and frequency-domain representation of signals, including frequency response, filters, Fourier series, and Fourier transforms. Utilizes online data and related computational analysis support to assist with the representation, analysis, and applications of signals and systems models. Other topics covered include differential and difference equations, signal modulation and demodulation, Fourier analysis of discrete-time systems, Parseval's theorem, ideal filters, sampling, Laplace Transfer Function representation, and introduction to the z-Transform. Prerequisites: EGR 124 or equivalent and EGR 251 or equivalent. Co-requisites: MTH 279 or equivalent and EGR 295: Signals and Systems Laboratory. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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EGR 265 Digital Electronics and Logic Design (4 cr.)

Teaches number representation in digital systems; Boolean algebra; design of digital circuits; including gates, flip- flops, counters, registers, architecture, microprocessors, and input-output devices. Also includes assembly programming; theory of logic functions; mapping techniques and function minimization; and design of other combinational, clocked sequential, and interactive digital circuits (e.g., comparators, pattern detectors, adders, and subtractors). Provides students the opportunity to use the above basic skills in the laboratory to design and fabricate digital logic circuits. Prerequisite: EGR 124 or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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EGR 295 Topics in Engineering: Signals and Systems Laboratory (1 cr.)

Utilizes high-level software, such as MATLAB®, to formulate and analyze computer models of complex engineering signals and systems. Covers vector manipulation, plotting, function creation, complex numbers, difference equations, convolution, Fourier Series, DTMF modulation and demodulation, analog filters, frequency response, and sampling and reconstruction. Co-requisite: EGR 261. Laboratory 3 hours per week.
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EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES [top]

EMS 111 Emergency Medical Technician - Basic (7 cr.)

Prepares students for certification as a Virginia and National Registry EMT-Basic. Focuses on all aspects of pre-hospital basic life support as defined by the Virginia Office of Emergency Medical Services curriculum for Emergency Medicine Technician Basic. Prerequisite: EMS 100 or equivalent. Co-requisite: EMS 120. Lecture 5 hours. Laboratory 4 hours. Total 9 hours per week.
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EMS 112 Emergency Medical Technician - Basic I (4 cr.)

Prepares students for certification as a Virginia and/or National Registry EMT-Basic. Focuses on all aspects of pre-hospital basic life support as defined by the Virginia Office of Emergency Medical Services curriculum for Emergency Medicine Technician Basic. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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EMS 113 Emergency Medical Technician - Basic II (3 cr.)

Continues preparation of students for certification as a Virginia and/or National Registry EMT-Basic. Includes all aspects of pre-hospital basic life support as defined by the Virginia Office of Emergency Medical Services curriculum for Emergency Medical Technician Basic. Lecture 2 hours per week. Laboratory 2 hours per week. Total 4 hours per week.
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EMS 120 Emergency Medical Technician - Basic Clinical (1 cr.)

Observes in a program-approved clinical/field setting. Includes topics for both EMS 111 and EMS 113, dependent upon the program in which the student is participating and is a co-requisite for both EMS 111 and EMS 113. Laboratory 2 hours per week.
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EMS 151 Introduction to Advanced Life Support (4 cr.)

Prepares the student for Virginia Enhanced certification eligibility and begins the sequence for National Registry Intermediate and/or Paramedic certification. Includes the theory and application of the following: foundations, human systems, pharmacology, overview of shock, venous access, airway management, patient assessment, respiratory emergencies, allergic reaction, and assessment-based management. Conforms at a minimum to the Virginia Office of Emergency Medical Services curriculum. Co-requisite: EMS 170. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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EMS 153 Basic ECG Recognition (2 cr.)

Focuses on the interpretation of basic electrocardiograms (ECG) and their significance. Includes an overview of anatomy and physiology of the cardiovascular system, including structure, function, and electrical conduction in the heart. Covers advanced concepts that build on the knowledge and skills of basic dysrhythmia determination and introduction to 12 lead ECG. Prerequisites: EMS 111 and EMS 120. Co-requisites: EMS 151, EMS 157, and EMS 170. Lecture 2 hours per week.
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EMS 155 ALS - Medical Care (4 cr.)

Continues the Virginia Office of Emergency Medical Services Intermediate and/or Paramedic curricula. Includes ALS pharmacology, drug and fluid administration with emphasis on patient assessment, differential diagnosis, and management of multiple medical complaints. Includes, but not limited to, conditions relating to cardiac, diabetic, neurological, non-traumatic abdominal pain, environmental, behavioral, gynecology, and toxicological disease conditions. Prerequisites: Current EMT-B certification, EMS 151, and EMS 153. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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EMS 157 ALS - Trauma Care (3 cr.)

Continues the Virginia Office of Emergency Medical Services Intermediate and/or Paramedic curricula. Utilizes techniques which will allow the student to utilize the assessment findings to formulate a field impression and implement the treatment plan for the trauma patient. Prerequisites: Current EMT-B certification and EMS 151. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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EMS 159 ALS-Special Populations (3 cr.)

Continues the Virginia Office of Emergency Medical Services Intermediate and/or Paramedic curricula. Focuses on the assessment and management of specialty patients, including obstetrical, neonates, pediatric, and geriatrics. Prerequisites: EMS 151 and EMS 153. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: EMS 155. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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EMS 170 ALS Internship I (1 cr.)

Begins the first in a series of clinical experiences providing supervised direct patient contact in appropriate patient care facilities in and out of hospitals. Includes, but not limited to, patient care units, such as the Emergency Department, Critical Care units, Pediatric, Labor and Delivery, Operating Room, Trauma Centers, and various advanced life support units. Prerequisites: EMS 151 and EMS 120. Co-requisites: EMS 151, EMS 153, and EMS 157. Laboratory 3 hours per week.
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EMS 172 ALS Clinical Internship II (1 cr.)

Continues with the second in a series of clinical experiences providing supervised direct patient contact in appropriate patient care facilities in and out of hospitals. Includes, but not limited to, patient care units, such as the Emergency Department, Critical Care units, Pediatric, Labor and Delivery, Operating Room, and Trauma Centers. Co-requisite: EMS 151. Laboratory 3 hours per week.
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EMS 173 ALS Field Internship II (1 cr.)

Continues with the second in a series of field experiences providing supervised direct patient care in out-of-hospital advanced life support units. Laboratory 3 hours per week.
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EMS 201 EMS Professional Development (3 cr.)

Prepares students for Paramedic certification at the National Registry Level by fulfilling community activism, personal wellness, resource management, ethical considerations in leadership, and research objectives in the Virginia Office of Emergency Medical Services Paramedic curriculum. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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EMS 205 Advanced Pathophysiology (4 cr.)

Focuses on the pathological processes of disease with emphasis on the anatomical and physiological alterations of the human body by systems. Includes diagnosis and management appropriate to the advanced health care provider in and out of the hospital environment. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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EMS 207 Advanced Patient Assessment (3 cr.)

Focuses on the principles of normal and abnormal physical exam. Emphasizes the analysis and interpretation of physiological data to assist in patient assessment and management. Applies principles during the assessment and management of trauma, medical, and specialty patients in laboratory environment. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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EMS 209 Advanced Pharmacology (4 cr.)

Focuses on the principles of pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and drug administration. Includes drug legislation, techniques of medication administration, and principles of math calculations. Emphasizes drugs used to manage respiratory, cardiac, neurological, gastrointestinal, fluid and electrolyte, and endocrine disorders and includes classification, mechanism of action, indications, contra-indications, precautions, and patient education. Incorporates principles related to substance abuse and hazardous materials. Applies principles during the assessment and management of trauma, medical, and specialty patients in a laboratory environment. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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EMS 211 Operations (2 cr.)

Prepares the student in the theory and application of the following: medical incident command, rescue awareness and operations, hazardous materials incidents, and crime scene awareness. (Conforms to the current Virginia Office of Emergency Medical Services curriculum for EMT-Paramedics.) Prerequisites: EMS 201, EMS 207, EMS 242, and EMS 243. Co-requisites: EMS 209, EMS 244, and EMS 245. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 3 hours per week.
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EMS 242 ALS Clinical Internship III (1 cr.)

Continues with the third in a series of clinical experiences providing supervised direct patient contact in appropriate patient care facilities in and out of hospitals. Includes, but not limited to, patient care units, such as the Emergency Department, Critical Care units, Pediatric, Labor and Delivery, Operating Room, Trauma Centers, and various advanced life support units. Prerequisites: EMS 155, EMS 159, EMS 172, and EMS 173. Co-requisites: EMS 201, EMS 207, and EMS 243. Laboratory 3 hours per week.
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EMS 243 ALS Field Internship III (1 cr.)

Continues with the third in a series of field experiences providing supervised direct patient care in out-of-hospital advanced life support units. Prerequisites: EMS 155, EMS 159, EMS 172, and EMS 173. Co-requisites: EMS 201, EMS 207, and EMS 242. Laboratory 3 hours per week.
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EMS 244 ALS Clinical Internship IV (1 cr.)

Continues as the fourth in a series of clinical experiences providing supervised direct patient contact in appropriate patient care facilities in and out of hospitals. Includes, but not limited to, patient care units, such as the Emergency Department, Critical Care units, Pediatric, Labor and Delivery, Operating Room, and Trauma Centers. Prerequisites: EMS 201, EMS 207, EMS 242, and EMS 243. Co-requisites: EMS 209, EMS 211, and EMS 245. Laboratory 3 hours per week.
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EMS 245 ALS Field Internship IV (1 cr.)

Continues as the fourth in a series of field experiences, providing supervised direct patient care in out-of-hospital advanced life support units. Prerequisites: EMS 201, EMS 207, EMS 242, and EMS 243. Co-requisites: EMS 209, EMS 211, and EMS 244. Laboratory 3 hours per week.
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ENERGY [top]

ENE 100 Conventional and Alternate Energy Applications (4 cr.)

Provides an overview of hydroelectric, coal, and nuclear energy production methods and renewable solar, geothermal, wind, and fuel cell technology. Includes a complete system breakdown of conventional power production methods, efficiency, and sustainability when compared with solar. Also includes photovoltaic, biomass, grid, power quality, and energy management. Prerequisite: ELE 176 or instructor approval. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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ENGLISH FUNDAMENTALS [top]

ENF 1 Preparing for College English I (8 cr.)

Provides integrated reading and writing instruction for students who require extensive preparation to succeed in college-level English courses. Students will place into this course based on placement test score. Upon successful completion and faculty recommendation, students will move into Preparing for College English III (if they require additional preparation) or into college-level English (if they require no additional preparation). Credit is not applicable toward graduation. Lecture 8 hours per week.
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ENF 2 Preparing for College English II (4 cr.)

Provides integrated reading and writing instruction for students who require intermediate preparation to succeed in college-level English courses. Students will place into this course based on placement test score. Upon successful completion and faculty recommendation, students will move into Preparing for College Level III (if they require additional preparation) or into college-level English (if they require no additional preparation). Credit is not applicable toward graduation. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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ENF 3 Preparing for College English III (2 cr.)

Provides integrated reading and writing instruction for students who require minimal preparation for college-level English, but still need some preparation to succeed. Students in this course will be co-enrolled in college-level English. Students will place into this course based on placement test score. Credit is not applicable toward graduation. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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ENGLISH [top]

ENG 2 Spelling and Vocabulary Study (3 cr.)

Helps students to improve spelling and develop vocabulary. Reviews common spelling patterns. Familiarizes the student with basic prefixes, suffixes, root words, and other word formations. Teaches effective use of the dictionary and thesaurus. Stresses recognizing words in reading context and using them effectively in writing. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ENG 2 Spelling and Vocabulary Study (2 cr.)

Helps students to improve spelling and develop vocabulary. Reviews common spelling patterns. Familiarizes the student with basic prefixes, suffixes, root words, and other word formations. Teaches effective use of the dictionary and thesaurus. Stresses recognizing words in reading context and using them effectively in writing. Lecture 2 hours per week.
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ENG 111 College Composition I (3 cr.)

Introduces students to critical thinking and the fundamentals of academic writing. Through the writing process, students refine topics; develop and support ideas; investigate, evaluate, and incorporate appropriate resources; edit for effective style and usage; and determine appropriate approaches for a variety of contexts, audiences, and purposes. Writing activities will include exposition and argumentation with at least one researched essay. ENG 111 has been designated as a "writing intensive" course according to standards developed by the English department. Prerequisite: Placement recommendation for ENG 111 or placement recommendation for co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. ENG 111 is a prerequisite for ENG 112. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ENG 112 College Composition II (3 cr.)

Continues to develop college writing with increased emphasis on critical essays, argumentation, and research, developing these competencies through the examination of a range of texts about the human experience. Requires students to locate, evaluate, integrate, and document sources and effectively edit for style and usage. ENG 112 has been designated as a "writing intensive" course according to standards developed by the English department. Prerequisite: ENG 111 or its equivalent and the ability to use word processing software; a grade of "C" or better in ENG 111 is recommended. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ENG 115 Technical Writing (3 cr.)

Develops ability in technical writing through extensive practice in composing technical reports and other documents. Guides students in achieving voice, tone, style, and content appropriate to a specific audience and purpose. Includes instruction in formatting, editing, and graphics. Introduces students to technical discourse through selected reading. Provides instruction and practice in basic principles of oral presentation. Prerequisite: ENG 111 or approval by the English department head. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ENG 137 Communication Processes I (3 cr.)

Covers content, form, and procedures for research writings, which may include reports, articles, summaries, essays, and correspondence. Stresses editing, proofreading skills, sentence structure, and paragraph development. Offers instruction and practice in oral communication skills. May use reading selections for discussions and writing assignments. Prerequisite: Departmental placement recommendation. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ENG 210 Advanced Composition (3 cr.)

Helps students refine skills in writing non-fiction prose. Guides students in the development of individual voice and style. Introduces procedures for composing and producing alphabetic, visual, aural, and/or digital texts and for publication in an electronic environment. ENG 210 has been designated as a "writing intensive" course according to standards developed by the English department. Prerequisite: ENG 112 with a grade of "C" or better or approval by the English department head. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ENG 215 Creative Writing - Fiction I (3 cr.)

Introduces, in a workshop setting, the fundamentals and techniques of writing short and long fiction. ENG 215 has been designated as a "writing intensive" course according to standards developed by the English department. Prerequisite: ENG 111 or approval by the English department program head. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ENG 217 Creative Writing - Poetry I (3 cr.)

Introduces, in a workshop setting, the fundamentals and techniques of writing poetry. ENG 217 has been designated as a "writing intensive" course according to standards developed by the English department. Prerequisite: ENG 111 or approval by the English program head. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ENG 233 The Bible as Literature (3 cr.)

Provides an introduction to the study of the Bible as literature. Examines the intent and presentation of major literary genres found in the Bible, refining student skills of analysis, synthesis, and presentation. Involves critical reading and writing. ENG 233 has been designated as a "writing intensive" course according to standards developed by the English department. Prerequisite: ENG 112 or its equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ENG 241 Survey of American Literature I (3 cr.)

Examines American literary works from pre-colonial times through the mid-nineteenth century, emphasizing the ideas and characteristics of American national literature. Involves critical reading and writing. ENG 241 has been designated as a "writing intensive" course according to standards developed by the English department. Prerequisite: ENG 112 or its equivalent. ENG 241 and ENG 242 may be taken out of order. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ENG 242 Survey of American Literature II (3 cr.)

Examines American literary works from the late-nineteenth century to the present, emphasizing the ideas and characteristics of the American national literature. Involves critical reading and writing. ENG 242 has been designated as a "writing intensive" course according to standards developed by the English department. Prerequisite: ENG 112 or its equivalent. ENG 241 and ENG 242 may be taken out of order. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ENG 243 Survey of English (British) Literature I (3 cr.)

Examines major English (British) texts from the Anglo-Saxon period to the 18th century, emphasizing the ideas and characteristics of the British literary tradition. Involves critical reading and writing. ENG 243 has been designated as a "writing intensive" course according to standards developed by the English department. Prerequisite: ENG 112 or its equivalent. ENG 243 and ENG 244 may be taken out of order. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ENG 244 Survey of English (British) Literature II (3 cr.)

Examines major English (British) texts from the Romantics to the contemporary period, emphasizing the critical ideas and traditions of the English (British) literary tradition. Involves critical reading and writing. ENG 244 has been designated as a "writing intensive" course according to standards developed by the English department. Prerequisite: ENG 112 or its equivalent. ENG 243 and ENG 244 may be taken out of order. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ENG 251 Survey of World Literature I (3 cr.)

Examines major works of world literature from the ancient period to the early 17th century. Involves critical reading and writing. This course has been designated as a "writing intensive" course according to standards developed by the English department. Prerequisite: ENG 112 or its equivalent. ENG 251 and ENG 252 may be taken out of order. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ENG 252 Survey of World Literature II (3 cr.)

Examines major works of world literature from the 17th century to the present era. Involves critical reading and writing. This course has been designated as a "writing intensive" course according to standards developed by the English department. Prerequisite: ENG 112 or equivalent. ENG 251 and ENG 252 may be taken out of order. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ENG 253 Survey of African-American Literature I (3 cr.)

Examines selected works by African-American writers from the colonial period to the early 20th century. Involves critical reading and writing. ENG 253 has been designated as a "writing intensive" course according to standards developed by the English department. Prerequisite: ENG 112 or equivalent. ENG 253 and ENG 254 may be taken out of order. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ENG 254 Survey of African-American Literature II (3 cr.)

Examines selected works by African-American writers from the Harlem/New Negro Renaissance to the contemporary period. Involves critical reading and writing. ENG 254 has been designated as a "writing intensive" course according to standards developed by the English department. Prerequisite: ENG 112 or its equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ENG 258 Jane Austen: Selected Works (3 cr.)

Examines the historical and social aspects of England during the early 1800s. Focuses on an in-depth analysis of several of Austen's published works leading to a thorough understanding of the Edwardian and Georgian periods of literature. ENG 258 has been designated as a "writing intensive" course according to standards developed by the English department. Prerequisite: ENG 112 or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ENG 273 Women in Literature I (3 cr.)

Examines literature by and about women prior to 1900. Involves critical reading and writing. ENG 273 has been designated as a "writing intensive" course according to standards developed by the English department. Prerequisite: ENG 112 or its equivalent. ENG 273 and ENG 274 may be taken out of order. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ENG 274 Women in Literature II (3 cr.)

Examines literature by and about women from 1900 to the present. Involves critical reading and writing. ENG 274 has been designated as a "writing intensive" course according to standards developed by the English department. Prerequisite: ENG 112 or its equivalent. ENG 273 and ENG 274 may be taken out of order. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE [top]

ENV 195 Topics in Environmental Science: The Environment and its Chemistry (4 cr.)

Introduces chemical principles and applies them to environmental issues. Covers the fundamental principles, concepts, and language of general, organic, inorganic, and biochemistry. Addresses topics associated with matter/energy, nuclear chemistry, air and water quality, and wastes. Laboratories will include sampling, analysis, and generation of statistically-valid data while preparing students to think like environmental scientists. Environmental Sustainability Designation: Course content related to the study of sustainable development. Prerequisite: MTE 4 or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE [top]

ESL 20 English as a Second Language II (9 cr.)

Provides intensive instruction and practice at the low intermediate level. Provides an introduction to the sound system, stress, and intonational and rhythmic patterns of English through listening and speaking exercises. Includes individualized instruction to improve basic reading comprehension. Requires practice in writing with emphasis on building basic sentence structures, grammar, and sentence-level writing. Credits are not applicable toward graduation. Lecture 9 hours per week.
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ESL 31 Composition I (6 cr.)

Provides instruction and practice in the writing process, emphasizing development of fluency in writing and competence in structural and grammatical patterns of written English. Credits are not applicable towards graduation. Prerequisite: Recommendation of department following satisfactory completion of ESL 20 or appropriate placement test. Lecture 6 hours per week.
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ESL 32 Reading I (6 cr.)

Helps students improve their reading comprehension and vocabulary development. Improves students' reading proficiency to a level which would allow the students to function adequately in ESL 42 and other college classes. Credits are not applicable toward graduation. Prerequisite: Recommendation of department following satisfactory completion of ESL 20 or appropriate placement test. Lecture 6 hours per week.
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ESL 33 Oral Communications I (6 cr.)

Helps students practice and improve listening and speaking skills as needed for functioning successfully in academic, professional, and personal settings. Assesses students' oral skills; and includes, as needed, practice with pronunciation, rhythm, stress, and intonation. Provides exercises, practices, small and large group activities, and oral presentations to help students overcome problems in oral communication. Credits are not applicable toward graduation. Prerequisite: Recommendation of department following satisfactory completion of ESL 31 and ESL 32. Lecture 6 hours per week.
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ESL 41 Composition II (6 cr.)

Provides further instruction and practice in the writing process and introduces advanced language patterns. Includes practice in developing and improving writing strategies. Credits are not applicable toward graduation. Prerequisite: Recommendation of department following satisfactory completion of ESL 31 or appropriate placement test. Lecture 6 hours per week.
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ESL 42 Reading II (6 cr.)

Helps students improve their reading comprehension and vocabulary. Improves students' reading proficiency to a level which would allow the students to function adequately in ESL 52 and other college classes. Credits are not applicable toward graduation. Prerequisite: Recommendation of department following satisfactory completion of ESL 32 or appropriate placement test. Lecture 6 hours per week. 
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ESL 43 Oral Communications II (6 cr.)

Provides further instruction and practice in helping students to improve listening and speaking skills. Assesses students' oral skills, and includes, as needed, practice with pronunciation, rhythm, stress, and intonation. Emphasizes the development of fluency through exercises, practices, small and large group activities, and formal and informal presentations. Provides practice in note-taking. Credits are not applicable toward graduation. Prerequisite: Successful completion of ESL 33, 41, and 42. Lecture 6 hours per week.
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ESL 45 Applied Grammar 4 (3 cr.)

Provides instruction and practice in the use of high intermediate and advanced academic English grammar structures, including advanced verb forms, clauses, determiners, and prepositions. Helps ESL students assess their own knowledge of English grammar, improve accuracy, and learn methods to improve editing. Credits are not applicable toward graduation. Prerequisite: Approval by the ESL program coordinator. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ESL 51 Composition III (6 cr.)

Prepares for college-level writing by practice in the writing process with emphasis on development of thought in essays of greater length and complexity and use of appropriate syntax and diction. Credits are not applicable toward graduation. Prerequisite: Recommendation of department following satisfactory completion of ESL 41 or appropriate placement test. Lecture 6 hours per week.
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ESL 52 Reading III (6 cr.)

Emphasizes applying and synthesizing ideas. Includes ways to detect organization, summarize, make inferences, draw conclusions, evaluate generalizations, and recognize differences between facts and opinions. Introduces other advanced comprehension strategies. May also include comprehensive library skills. Credits are not applicable toward graduation. Prerequisite: Successful completion of ESL 41, 42, and 43. Lecture 6 hours per week.
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ESL 58 ESL Writing Workshop II (6 cr.)

Provides an intensive writing seminar for students struggling with the writing process, editing, and self-correction in academic English. Helps students improve their fluency and command of American academic English. Credits are not applicable toward graduation. Prerequisite: ESL 51. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: ESL 52. Lecture 6 hours per week.
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ESL 72 Spelling and Vocabulary (3 cr.)

Provides individualized instruction and practice in sound-letter correspondences. Introduces students to basic spelling rules, word division, prefixes, roots, and suffixes. Helps students master vocabulary through an understanding of homonyms, confusing words, and Greek and Latin roots. Stresses using words in context. Credits are not applicable toward graduation. Prerequisites: Completion of ESL 20 and ESL 24 or placement in Level 3 of ESL or higher. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ESL 73 Accent Reduction (3 cr.)

Provides contextualized practice at the high intermediate/advanced level to improve the speech intelligibility of non-native speakers of English. Focuses on problems of American English pronunciation, unclear individual sounds, positional variants, stress, and rhythm and intonation common to speakers of different language backgrounds. May include individualized practice in consonant and vowel production. Credits are not applicable toward graduation. Prerequisite: Recommendation following oral placement interview or successful completion of ESL 33. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ELECTRONICS TECHNOLOGY [top]

ETR 113 D.C. and A.C. Fundamentals I (3 cr.)

Studies D.C. and A.C. circuits, basic electrical components, instruments, network theorems, and techniques used to predict, analyze, and measure electrical quantities. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: MTE 3 or equivalent or permission of the instructor. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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FINANCIAL SERVICES [top]

FIN 107 Personal Finance (3 cr.)

Presents a framework of personal money management concepts, including establishing values and goals, determining sources of income, managing income, preparing a budget, developing consumer buying ability, using credit, understanding savings and insurance, providing for adequate retirement, and estate planning. Lecture 3 hours per week
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FIN 215 Financial Management (3 cr.)

Introduces basic financial management topics, including statement analysis, working capital, capital budgeting, and long-term financing. Focuses on Net Present Value and Internal Rate of Return techniques, lease vs. buy analysis, and Cost of Capital computations. Uses problems and cases to enhance skills in financial planning and decision making. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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FRENCH [top]

FRE 101 Beginning French I (4 cr.)

Introduces understanding, speaking, reading, and writing skills and emphasizes basic French sentence structure. Incorporates exposure to the arts, culture, and literature of the areas of the world where French is spoken. Part I of II. Lecture 4 hours per week. May include one additional hour of oral practice per week.
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FRE 102 Beginning French II (4 cr.)

Introduces understanding, speaking, reading, and writing skills and emphasizes basic French sentence structure. Incorporates exposure to the arts, culture, and literature of the areas of the world where French is spoken. Part II of II. Prerequisite: FRE 101 or equivalent. Lecture 4 hours per week. May include one additional hour of oral practice per week.
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FRE 201 Intermediate French I (3 cr.)

Continues to develop understanding, speaking, reading, and writing skills. French is used in the classroom. Part I of II. Prerequisite: FRE 102 or equivalent. May include one additional hour of oral practice per week. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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FRE 201 Intermediate French I (4 cr.)

Continues to develop understanding, speaking, reading, and writing skills. French is used in the classroom. Part I of II. Prerequisite: FRE 102 or equivalent. Lecture 4 hours per week. May include one additional hour of oral practice per week.
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FRE 202 Intermediate French II (3 cr.)

Continues to develop understanding, speaking, reading, and writing skills. French is used in the classroom. Part II of II. Prerequisite: FRE 201 or equivalent. May include one additional hour of oral practice per week. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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FIRE SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY [top]

FST 100 Principles of Emergency Services (3 cr.)

Provides an overview to fire protection; career opportunities in fire protection and related fields; philosophy and history of fire protection/service, fire loss analysis, organization and function to public and private fire protection services, fire departments as part of local government, laws and regulations affecting the fire service; fire service nomenclature; specific fire protection functions; basic fire chemistry and physics, introduction to fire protection systems, and introduction to fire strategy and tactics. Lecture 3 hours per week. (Usually offered in the fall semester)
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FST 105 Fire Suppression Operations (3 cr.)

Introduces the fundamentals of fire suppression. Explores fire behavior and basic physical and chemical laws of fire dynamics. Prepares student to understand the need for quick operational decisions made on the fire ground, including emergency management. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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FST 110 Fire Behavior and Combustion (3 cr.)

Explores the theories and fundamentals of how and why fires start, spread, and how they are controlled. Lecture 3 hours per week. (Usually offered in the fall semester)
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FST 112 Hazardous Materials Chemistry (3 cr.)

Provides basic fire chemistry relating to the categories of hazardous materials, including problems of recognition, reactivity, and health encountered by firefighters. Lecture 3 hours per week. (Usually offered in the spring semester)
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FST 115 Fire Prevention (3 cr.)

Provides fundamental information regarding the history and philosophy of fire prevention; organization and operation of a fire prevention bureau; use of fire codes; identification and correction of fire hazards; and the relationships of fire prevention with built-in fire protection systems, fire investigation, and fire and life-safety education. Lecture 3 hours per week. (Usually offered in the spring semester)
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FST 121 Principles of Fire and Emergency Services Safety and Survival (3 cr.)

Introduces basic principles and history related to the national firefighter life safety initiatives, focusing on the need for cultural and behavior change throughout the emergency services. Lecture 3 hours per week. (This course has replaced FST 120 in the curriculum.)
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FST 135 Fire Instructor I (3 cr.)

Emphasizes development of teaching methods and aids, including role-playing, small group discussion, and development of individual learning methods and materials. Requires students to develop lesson plans and make presentations on appropriate topics. Prepares students for certification as Fire Instructor I. (Course is based on current requirements of NFPA 1041, Standards for Fire Instructor Professional Qualifications.) Lecture 3 hours per week.
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FST 205 Fire Protection Hydraulics and Water Supply (3 cr.)

Provides a foundation of theoretical knowledge in order to understand the principles of the use of water in fire protection and to apply hydraulic principles to analyze and solve water supply problems. Lecture 3 hours per week. (Usually offered in the spring semester)
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FST 210 Legal Aspects of Fire Service (3 cr.)

Introduces the Federal, State, and local laws that regulate emergency services; national standards influencing emergency services; and standards of care, tort, and liability, and a review of relevant court cases. Lecture 3 hours per week. (Usually offered in the spring semester)
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FST 215 Fire Protection Systems (3 cr.)

Provides information relating to the features of design and operation of fire detection and alarm systems, heat and smoke control systems, special protection and sprinkler systems, water supply for fire protection, and portable fire extinguishers. Lecture 3 hours per week. (Usually offered in the spring semester)
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FST 216 Automatic Sprinkler System Design I (3 cr.)

Presents a comprehensive study of treatment of automatic sprinkler systems, including a study of sprinkler standards, design features, water supply adequacy, sprinkler limitations, and appropriate building and fire code applications. Prerequisite: FST 205 or program permission. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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FST 217 Automatic Sprinkler System Design II (3 cr.)

Continues the study of automatic sprinkler system design, implementation, and installation. Includes the use of appropriate computer applications in the design of various types of sprinkler systems. Prerequisite: FST 216. Lecture 3 hours per week. (Usually offered in spring semester)
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FST 220 Building Construction for Fire Protection (3 cr.)

Provides the components of building construction that relate to fire and life safety. The focus of this course is on firefighter safety. Covers the construction and design of structures and how they are key factors when inspecting buildings, preplanning fire operations, and operating at emergencies. Lecture 3 hours per week. (Usually offered in the fall semester)
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FST 230 Fire Investigation (3 cr.)

Provides the student with the fundamentals and technical knowledge needed for proper fire scene interpretations, including recognizing and conducting origin and cause, preservation of evidence and documentation, scene security, motives of the firesetter, and types of fire causes. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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FST 235 Strategy and Tactics (3 cr.)

Provides an in-depth analysis of the principles of fire control through utilization of personnel, equipment, and extinguishing agents on the fire ground. Lecture 3 hours per week. (Usually offered in the fall semester)
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FST 240 Fire Administration (3 cr.)

Introduces the student to the organization and management of a fire department and the relationship of government agencies to the fire service. Emphasizes fire service leadership from the perspective of the company officer. Lecture 3 hours per week. (Usually offered in the fall semester)
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FST 245 Fire and Risk Analysis (3 cr.)

Presents a study of current urban fire problems with emphasis on solutions based upon current available technology. Includes master planning, as well as methods of identifying, analyzing, and measuring accompanying risk and loss possibilities. Prerequisite: FST 240 or permission of program head. Lecture 3 hours per week. (Usually offered in the spring semester)
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GEOGRAPHY [top]

GEO 200 Introduction to Physical Geography (3 cr.)

Studies major elements of the natural environment, including earth-sun relationship, land forms, weather and climate, and natural vegetation and soils. Introduces the student to types and uses of maps. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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GEO 210 People and the Land: Introduction to Cultural Geography (3 cr.)

Focuses on the relationship between culture and geography. Presents a survey of modern demographics, landscape modification, material and non-material culture, language, race and ethnicity, religion, politics, and economic activities. Introduces the student to types and uses of maps. Prerequisites: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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GEO 220 World Regional Geography (3 cr.)

Studies physical and cultural characteristics of selected geographical regions of the world. Focuses upon significant problems within each of the regions and examines the geographical background of those problems. Introduces the student to types and uses of maps. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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GEO 225 Economic Geography (3 cr.)

Familiarizes the student with the various economic, geographic, political, and demographic factors that affect international target markets and trade activity. Prerequisites: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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GERMAN [top]

GER 101 Beginning German I (4 cr.)

Introduces understanding, speaking, reading, and writing skills and emphasizes basic German sentence structures. Incorporates exposure to the arts, culture, and literature of the areas of the world where German is spoken. Part I of II. Lecture 4 hours per week. May include one additional hour of oral practice per week.
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GER 101 Beginning German I (5 cr.)

Introduces understanding, speaking, reading, and writing skills and emphasizes basic German sentence structures. Part 1 of 2. Lecture 5 hours per week. May include one additional hour oral practice per week.
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GER 102 Beginning German II (4 cr.)

Introduces understanding, speaking, reading, and writing skills and emphasizes basic German sentence structures. Incorporates exposure to the arts, culture, and literature of the areas of the world where German is spoken. Part II of II. Prerequisite: GER 101. Lecture 4 hours per week. May include one additional hour of oral practice per week.
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GER 102 Beginning German II (5 cr.)

Introduces understanding, speaking, reading, and writing skills and emphasizes basic German sentence structures. Part 2 of 2. Lecture 5 hours per week. May include one additional hour oral practice per week.
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GER 201 Intermediate German I (3 cr.)

Continues to develop understanding, speaking, reading, and writing skills. German is used in the classroom. Prerequisite: GER 102 or equivalent. Part 1 of 2. Lecture 3 hours per week. May include one additional hour oral practice per week.
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GER 202 Intermediate German II (3 cr.)

Continues to develop understanding, speaking, reading, and writing skills. German is used in the classroom. Prerequisite: GER 201 or equivalent. Part 2 of 2. Lecture 3 hours per week. May include one additional hour oral practice per week.
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GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS [top]

GIS 200 Geographical Information Systems I (3 cr.)

Provides hands-on introduction to a dynamic desktop GIS (Geographic Information System). Introduces the components of a desktop GIS and their functionality. Emphasizes manipulation of data for the purpose of analysis, presentation, and decision-making. Prerequisite: ITE 115 or equivalent. Lecture 2 hours per week. Laboratory 2 hours per week. Total 4 hours per week.
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GIS 201 Geographical Information Systems II (3 cr.)

Provides a continuation of GIS 200, with emphasis on advanced topics in problem-solving, decision-making, modeling, programming, and data management. Covers map projections and data formats, and methods for solving the problems they create. Prerequisite: GIS 200. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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GEOLOGY [top]

GOL 105 Physical Geology (4 cr.)

Introduces the composition and structure of the earth and modifying agents and processes. Investigates the formation of minerals and rocks, weathering, erosion, earthquakes, and crystal deformation. This course completes a one-year laboratory science requirement when followed by GOL 106. Prerequisite: Completion of ENF 2, if required by placement test, or instructor/advisor approval. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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GOL 106 Historical Geology (4 cr.)

Traces the evolution of the earth and life through time. Presents scientific theories of the origin of the earth and life and interprets rock and fossil record. Prerequisite: GOL 105 or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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HEALTH INFORMATION MANAGEMENT [top]

HIM 110 Introduction to Human Pathology (3 cr.)

Introduces the basic concepts, terminology, etiology, and characteristics of pathological processes. Co-requisite: NUR 136. Prerequisites: HLT 143 and NAS 150. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HIM 141 Fundamentals of Health Information Systems I (3 cr.)

Focuses on health data collection, storage, retrieval, and reporting systems, with emphasis on the role of the computer in accomplishing these functions. Prerequisite: Passing score on the computer competency exam, ITE 115, or permission of the instructor. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HIM 195 Topics in Health Information Management: Chart Retrieval Services (1 cr.)

Provides an opportunity for students to explore chart retrieval services through a comprehensive project. Prerequisites: SDV 100, ITE 115 or CSC 155, HLT 143, and HLT 195. Co-requisites: HIM 141, HIM 130, HIM 226, and HLT 195 ¿ Ethics for Health Care Personnel. Lecture 1 hour per week.
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HIM 250 Health Classification Systems I ICD-9/10-CM (4 cr.)

Focuses on disease and procedure classification using ICD-9/10-CM. This system is currently utilized for collecting health data for the purposes of statistical research and financial reporting. Prerequisites: HLT 143 and BIO 100 or BIO 141. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: BIO 142, if student has taken BIO 141. Co-requisites: HIM 110 and HIM 260 (recommended). Lecture 4 hours per week.
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HIM 255 Health Data Classification Systems II: CPT (2 cr.)

Focuses on procedure classification using CPT. This system is currently utilized for collecting health data for the purposes of statistical research and financial reporting. Prerequisites: BIO 100 (or BIO 141 and 142), HLT 143, or permission of the instructor. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: HIM 110. Co-requisite: HIM 260 (recommended). Lecture 2 hours per week.
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HIM 256 Clinical Classification Systems and Reimbursement Methodologies (5 cr.)

Integrates and applies knowledge with hands-on skill practice in coding. Reinforces reimbursement for CPT coding system, guidelines for out-patient/ambulatory surgery coding, and prospective payment systems and their integration with ICD coding. Promotes critical thinking related to coding quality, fraud, and abuse. Prerequisites: BIO 100 or BIO 141 and 142, HIM 110, HIM 141, HIM 250, HIM 260, and HLT 143. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: HIM 255. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 6 hours. Total 8 hours per week.
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HIM 260 Pharmacology for Health Information Technology (2 cr.)

Emphasizes general pharmacology for health information professionals; covers general principles of drug actions/reactions, major drug classes, specific agents within each class, and routine mathematical calculation needed to determine desired dosages. Prerequisites: HLT 143 and BIO 100 (or BIO 141 and 142), or permission of the instructor. Prerequisites or Co-requisites: HIM 110 and HIM 250. Lecture 2 hours per week.
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HIM 295 Topics in HIM: Clinical Classification Systems and Reimbursement Methodologies I (5 cr.)

Integrates and applies knowledge with hands-on skill practice in coding; reinforces reimbursement for CPT coding system, guidelines for out-patient/ambulatory surgery coding, and prospective payment systems and their integration with ICD coding; and promotes critical thinking related to coding quality, fraud, and abuse. Prerequisites: BIO 100 or BIO 141 and 142, HIM 110, HIM 141, HIM 250, HIM 260, and HLT 143. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: HIM 255. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 6 hours. Total 8 hours per week.
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HISTORY [top]

HIS 101 History of Western Civilization I (3 cr.)

Examines the development of western civilization from ancient times to the present. Begins with ancient times and ends with the seventeenth century. HIS 101 and HIS 102 need not be taken in sequence. Part I of II. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HIS 102 History of Western Civilization II (3 cr.)

Examines the development of western civilization from ancient times to the present. Begins with the mid-seventeenth century and continues through modern times. HIS 101 and HIS 102 need not be taken in sequence. Part II of II. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HIS 111 History of World Civilization I (3 cr.)

Surveys Asian, African, Latin American, and European civilizations from the ancient period to the present. HIS 111 and HIS 112 need not be taken in sequence. Part I of II. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HIS 112 History of World Civilization II (3 cr.)

Surveys Asian, African, Latin American, and European civilizations from the ancient period to the present. HIS 111 and HIS 112 need not be taken in sequence. Part II of II. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HIS 121 United States History I (3 cr.)

Surveys the United States history from its beginning to the present. HIS 121 and HIS 122 need not be taken in sequence. Part I of II. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HIS 122 United States History II (3 cr.)

Surveys the United States history from its beginning to the present. HIS 121 and HIS 122 need not be taken in sequence. Part II of II. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HIS 141 African-American History I (3 cr.)

Surveys the history of black Americans from their African origins to the present. HIS 141 and HIS 142 need not be taken in order. Part I of II. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HIS 142 African-American History II (3 cr.)

Surveys the history of black Americans from their African origins to the present. HIS 141 and HIS 142 need not be taken in order. Part II of II. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HIS 203 History of African Civilization (3 cr.)

Examines major social, economic, political, and religious developments from earliest times to the present. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HIS 267 The Second World War (3 cr.)

Examines causes and consequences of the Second World War. Includes the rise of totalitarianism, American neutrality, military developments, the home fronts, diplomacy, and the decision to use the atomic bomb. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HIS 269 Civil War and Reconstruction (3 cr.)

Studies factors that led to the division between the States. Examines the war, the home fronts, and the era of Reconstruction. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HIS 276 United States History Since World War II (3 cr.)

Investigates United States history from 1945 to the present, studying both domestic developments and American involvement in international affairs. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HIS 280 American Foreign Policy Since 1890 (3 cr.)

Examines American foreign policy since 1890 with an emphasis on current events and diverse points of view. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HEALTH [top]

HLT 100 First Aid and Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (2 cr.)

Focuses on the principles and techniques of safety, first aid, and cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Lecture 2 hours per week.
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HLT 105 Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (1 cr.)

Provides training in coordinated mouth-to-mouth artificial ventilation and chest compression, choking, life-threatening emergencies, sudden illness, and AED skills for adults, children, and infants. Equivalent to EMS 100. Lecture 1 hour per week.
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HLT 106 First Aid and Safety (2 cr.)

Focuses on the principles and techniques of safety and first aid. Lecture 2 hours per week.
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HLT 110 Concepts of Personal and Community Health (3 cr.)

Studies the concepts related to the maintenance of health, safety, and the prevention of illness at the personal and community level. Total 3 hours per week.
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HLT 115 Introduction to Personal and Community Health (1 cr.)

Introduces and focuses on the principles of personal and community health. Lecture 1 hour per week.
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HLT 116 Introduction to Personal Wellness Concepts (3 cr.)

Explores the relationship between personal health and physical fitness as they apply to individuals in today's society. Includes nutrition, weight control, stress, conditioning, and drugs. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HLT 119 First Responder (3 cr.)

Provides knowledge and proficiency in basic life support and in actions necessary to minimize patient discomfort and prevention of further complications. Meets requirements for Virginia certification as a first responder. Equivalent to EMS 101. Prerequisite: CPR certification at the health care provider level. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HLT 121 Introduction to Drug Use and Abuse (3 cr.)

Explores the use and abuse of drugs in contemporary society with emphasis upon sociological, physiological, and psychological effects of drugs. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HLT 143 Medical Terminology I (3 cr.)

Provides an understanding of medical abbreviations and terms. Includes the study of prefixes, suffixes, word stems, and technical terms with emphasis on proper spelling, pronunciation, and usage. Emphasizes more complex skills and techniques in understanding medical terminology. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HLT 195 Topics in Health: Ethics for Health Care Personnel (1 cr.)

Focuses on ethical concepts of health care. Emphasizes confidentiality; maintaining patient records; personal appearance; professionalism with patients, clients, and associates; and an awareness of health care facilities. Lecture 1 hour per week.
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HLT 200 Human Sexuality (3 cr.)

Provides a basic understanding of human sexuality. Includes anatomy, physiology, pregnancy, family planning, venereal diseases, and sexual variations. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HLT 203 Men's Health (3 cr.)

Provides an overview of the male anatomy and examines health status from birth to death from an interdisciplinary perspective. Topics include major, chronic, and infectious diseases; mental health, andropause, stress, sleep, aging, exercise, nutrition, sexual health, and grooming; and the impact of a male role model on health. Total 3 hours per week.
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HLT 204 Women's Health (3 cr.)

Explores current issues related to women's health and wellness with an emphasis upon prevention of disease and optimum well-being. Takes a multi-ethnic approach to exploring the most up-to-date findings, diagnostic tools, and treatments for breast cancer, reproductive tract illness, heart disease, and other common diseases faced by women from puberty through menopause. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HLT 215 Personal Stress and Stress Management (3 cr.)

Provides a basic understanding of stress and its physical, psychological, and social effects. Includes the relationships between stress and change, self-evaluation, sources of stress, and current coping skills for handling stress. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HLT 226 AIDS Awareness (2 cr.)

Provides basic understanding of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), AIDS-Related Complex (ARC), and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection. Includes information on the etiology of AIDS, historical perspectives, signs and symptoms, HIV antibody testing, safer sex guidelines, AIDS in the workplace (including health care settings), psychosocial issues, death and dying issues, homophobia, and HIV transmission and prevention. Lecture 2 hours per week.
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HLT 230 Principles of Nutrition and Human Development (3 cr.)

Teaches the relationship between nutrition and human development. Emphasizes nutrients, balanced diet, weight control, and the nutritional needs of an individual. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HLT 250 General Pharmacology (3 cr.)

Emphasizes general pharmacology for the health-related professions, covering general principles of drug actions/reactions, major drug classes, specific agents within each class, and routine mathematical calculations needed to determine desired dosages. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HLT 261 Basic Pharmacy I (3 cr.)

Explores the basics of general pharmacy, reading prescriptions, symbols, packages, and pharmacy calculations. Teaches measuring compounds of drugs, dosage forms, drug laws, and drug classifications. Part I of II. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: HLT 250. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HLT 262 Basic Pharmacy II (3 cr.)

Explores the basics of general pharmacy, reading prescriptions, symbols, packages, and pharmacy calculations. Teaches measuring compounds of drugs, dosage forms, drug laws, and drug classifications. Part II of II. Prerequisites: HLT 250 and HLT 261. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HUMAN SERVICES [top]

HMS 100 Introduction to Human Services (3 cr.)

Introduces human service agencies, roles, and careers. Presents a historical perspective of the field as it relates to human services today. Additional topics include values clarification and needs of target populations. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HMS 121 Basic Counseling Skills I (3 cr.)

Develops skills needed to function in a helping relationship. Emphasizes skills in attending, listening, and responding. Clarifies personal skill strengths, deficits, and goals for skill improvement. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HMS 122 Basic Counseling Skills II (3 cr.)

Expands the development of counseling skills needed to function effectively in a helping relationship. Emphasizes skills in responding, personalizing, summarizing, and initiating. Clarifies personal skill strengths, deficits, and goals for skill improvement. Develops plans for achieving personal and program goals. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HMS 141 Group Dynamics I (3 cr.)

Examines the stages of group development, group dynamics, the role of the leader in a group, and recognition of the various types of group processes. Discusses models of group dynamics that occur as a result of group membership dynamics. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HMS 142 Group Dynamics II (3 cr.)

Examines group dynamics, group leadership, group cohesion, transference, and group helping through experiential involvement in group facilitating and leadership. Increases group skills through active classroom participation in group experiences. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HMS 220 Addiction and Prevention (3 cr.)

Examines the impact of drugs and addiction on individuals and their families. Explores the myths about various drugs and their benefit or lack of benefit. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HMS 225 Functional Family Intervention (3 cr.)

Provides an understanding of functions and dysfunctions within the family. Emphasizes the development of effective skills through an interpersonal/interactional approach to family intervention. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HMS 226 Helping Across Cultures (3 cr.)

Provides a historical overview of selected cultural and racial groups. Promotes understanding of group differences and the impact on counseling services. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HMS 227 The Helper as a Change Agent (3 cr.)

Teaches the following skills for implementing alternative models of change and influence: action research, problem solving, consultation, workshop development, and outreach and advocacy for diverse client populations. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HMS 236 Gerontology (3 cr.)

Examines the process of aging and its implications in relation to health, recreation, education, transportation, meaningful work or activity, and community resources. Emphasizes experiencing the aging process, facilitating retirement, and application of the helping relationship to work with older adults. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HMS 258 Case Management and Substance Abuse (3 cr.)

Focuses on the process for interviewing substance abuse clients. Includes intake, assessment, handling denial, and ending the interview. Teaches skills for writing short-term goals and treatment plans with emphasis on accountability. Examines various reporting devices. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HMS 260 Substance Abuse Counseling (3 cr.)

Provides an understanding of the skills of guidance of clients and those associated with being an advocate. Examines the dynamics of the client/counselor relationship in developing treatment plans and empowerment skills. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HMS 266 Counseling Psychology (3 cr.)

Studies major counseling theories, their contributions and limitations, and the application of each to a counseling interaction. Provides students an opportunity to develop their own personal counseling theory. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HMS 270 Treatment Systems (3 cr.)

Examines the services and facilities established for the purpose of treating addictions. Focuses on treatment therapy models and ethical standards related to addiction-disease theory. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HMS 290 Coordinated Internship in Human Services (3 cr.)

Places students in selected career-related human service agencies. Provides students with an opportunity to learn to integrate practice with theory under the supervision of a qualified supervisor in their designated career field. Helps students gain an overview of their chosen service career field. Laboratory 15 hours per week.
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HOSPITALITY MANAGEMENT [top]

HRI 106 Principles of Culinary Arts I (3 cr.)

Introduces the fundamental principles of food preparation and basic culinary procedures. Stresses the use of proper culinary procedures combined with food science, proper sanitation, standards of quality for food items that are made, and proper use and care of kitchen equipment. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: HRI 158 or HRI 115. Prerequisites: (1) competency in Math Essentials MTE 1-3 as demonstrated through the placement and diagnostic tests or by satisfactorily completing the required MTE units, or equivalent, and (2) competencies in reading and writing as demonstrated by placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3 or completion of a college-level composition course. Students needing to complete developmental studies courses in English or mathematics may take those courses concurrently with HRI courses, if approved by the program head. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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HRI 115 Food Service Managers Sanitation Certification (1 cr.)

Presents an accelerated survey of principles and applications of sanitary food service, designed to promote the skills of managers in food service establishments licensed by the Commonwealth of Virginia. Upon successful completion of the course, a certificate of achievement is awarded by the Educational Foundation of the National Restaurant Association, and the student's name is entered in the Foundation Registry. Lecture 1 hour per week.
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HRI 119 Applied Nutrition for Food Service (2 cr.)

Studies food composition, nutrition science, and application of nutrition principles by the food service professional. Provides the student with a basic understanding of human nutrition and application of nutrition in the service of commercially-prepared meals. Co-requisite: HRI 122. Lecture 2 hours per week.
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HRI 122 Applied Nutrition for Food Service Laboratory (1 cr.)

Provides students an opportunity to apply the concepts and develop the skill sets taught in HRI 119. Includes application of skill sets for understanding, reviewing, revising, scaling, and preparing existing recipes and the creation of new recipes with a focus on healthy cooking techniques, alternative products, and critical thinking. Co-requisite: HRI 119. Prerequisite: HRI 106 or HRI 128. Laboratory 2 hours per week.
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HRI 128 Principles of Baking (3 cr.)

Instructs the student in the preparation of breads, pastries, baked desserts, candies, frozen confections, and sugar work. Applies scientific principles and techniques of baking. Promotes the knowledge/skills required to prepare baked items, pastries, and confections. Prerequisites or Co-requisites: HRI 158 or HRI 115. Prerequisites: (1) competency in Math Essentials MTE 1-3 as demonstrated through the placement and diagnostic tests or by satisfactorily completing the required MTE units, or equivalent, and (2) competencies in reading and writing as demonstrated by placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3 or completion of a college-level composition course. Students needing to complete developmental studies courses in English or mathematics may take those courses concurrently with HRI courses, if approved by the program head. Prerequisites: Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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HRI 134 Food and Beverage Service Management (3 cr.)

Provides a conceptual and technical framework for managing the service of meals in a variety of commercial settings. Studies the integration of production and service delivery, guest contact dynamics, reservation management, and point-of-sale technology systems. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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HRI 140 Fundamentals of Quality for the Hospitality Industry (3 cr.)

Teaches quality in the hospitality industry, including material on the total quality management movement. Emphasizes quality from the customer's perspective. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HRI 145 Garde Manger (3 cr.)

Studies garde manger, the art of decorative cold food preparation and presentation. Provides a detailed practical study of cold food preparation and artistic combination and display of cold foods. Prerequisite: HRI 218. Co-requisite: HRI 220. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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HRI 147 World Cuisines (3 cr.)

Introduces students to the diversity of international cuisines. Teaches how different cuisines are manifested, by way of ingredients, flavorings, and cooking techniques. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HRI 150 Introduction to Hospitality Ownership (3 cr.)

Presents growth, development, present status, and trends of the food and lodging industry. Includes special problems of operating small- and medium-sized establishments. Introduces credit and accounting procedures, management of staff, marketing, advertising, security, personal attitudes, qualifications, and ethics. Prerequisites: ACC 115 and HRI 235. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HRI 154 Principles of Hospitality Management (3 cr.)

Presents basic understanding of the hospitality industry by tracing the industry's growth and development, reviewing the organization and management of lodging, food, and beverage operations; and focusing on industry opportunities and future trends. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HRI 158 Sanitation and Safety (3 cr.)

Covers the moral and legal responsibilities of management to ensure a sanitary and safe environment in a food service operation. Emphasizes the causes and prevention of foodborne illnesses in conformity with federal, state, and local guidelines. Focuses on OSHA standards in assuring safe working conditions. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HRI 159 Introduction to Hospitality Industry Computer Systems (3 cr.)

Familiarizes students with computerized information technology to manage information, support decision-making and analysis, improve processes, increase productivity, and enhance customer service in the hospitality industry. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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HRI 160 Executive Housekeeping (3 cr.)

Studies the housekeeping department with emphasis on organization, staffing and scheduling, staff development, work methods improvements, equipment, cleaning materials, and cleaning procedures; maintenance and refurnishing; room design; and safety engineering. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HRI 190 Culinary Arts Coordinated Internship (3 cr.)

Provides supervised, on-the-job training in selected business, industrial, or service firms coordinated by the college. Prerequisite: Program head approval is required for enrollment in this course. Laboratory 15 hours per week.
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HRI 205 Fundamentals of Wine (3 cr.)

Familiarizes the student with basic knowledge needed to make decisions relative to the purchase, storage, and service of wine and decisions relative to the use of wine in the hospitality and food service industry. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HRI 206 International Cuisine (3 cr.)

Introduces the concepts of cultural differences and similarities and the preparation of the food specialties of the major geographical areas of the world. Focuses on emerging cuisines as they become popular. Prerequisites: HRI 145 and HRI 220. Co-requisite: HRI 207. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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HRI 207 American Regional Cuisine (3 cr.)

Studies the distinct regional cooking styles of America and its neighbors. Emphasizes the indigenous ingredients, as well as the cultural aspect of each region¿s cooking style. Includes the preparation of the various regional foods. Prerequisites: HRI 145 and HRI 220. Co-requisite: HRI 206. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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HRI 218 Fruit, Vegetable, and Starch Preparation (3 cr.)

Instructs the student in the preparation of fruits, vegetables, grains, cereals, legumes, and farinaceous products. Promotes the knowledge/skills necessary to prepare menu items from fruits, vegetables, and their byproducts, and to select appropriate uses as meal components. Prerequisites: HRI 106 and HRI 158 (or HRI 115). Co-requisite: HRI 219. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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HRI 219 Stock, Soup, and Sauce Preparation (3 cr.)

Instructs the student in the preparation of stocks, soups, and sauces. Promotes the knowledge/skills to prepare stocks, soups, and sauces, and to select appropriate uses as meal components. Prerequisites: HRI 106 and HRI 158 (or HRI 115). Co-requisite: HRI 218. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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HRI 220 Meat, Seafood, and Poultry Preparation (3 cr.)

Provides the study and preparation of meat, poultry, shellfish, fish, and game, including alternative protein sources. Promotes the knowledge and skills required to select appropriate use of these foods as meal components. Students will produce various garnishes, accompaniments, sauces, and accessories to produce a plated dish. Prerequisites: HRI 219 and HRI 218. Co-requisite: HRI 145. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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HRI 224 Recipe and Menu Management (3 cr.)

Presents a comprehensive framework for creating and evaluating recipes and menus for commercial and non-commercial food service operations. Requires students to use microcomputer software to design recipes, recipe files, and menus. Teaches students menu engineering analysis and methods for optimizing menu contribution margin. Prerequisites: HRI 159 (or equivalent) and HRI 251. Lecture 3 hour per week.
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HRI 226 Leadership and Kitchen Management (2 cr.)

Presents advanced principles of the foodservice industry by exploring modern leadership techniques, effective management routines, characteristics of strong leadership, employee selection and hiring, performance reviews, and career development. Lecture 2 hours per week.
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HRI 235 Marketing of Hospitality Services (3 cr.)

Studies principles and practices of marketing the services of the hotel and restaurant industry. Emphasizes the marketing concept with applications leading to customer satisfaction. Reviews methods of external and internal stimulation of sales. May include a practical sales/marketing exercise and computer applications. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HRI 240 Managing Technology in the Hospitality Industry (3 cr.)

Provides an overview of the information needs of lodging properties and food service establishments. Addresses essential aspects of computer systems, such as hardware, software, and generic applications; focuses on computer-based property management systems for both front office and back office functions; examines features of computerized restaurant management systems; describes hotel sales computer applications, revenue management strategies, and accounting applications; addresses the selection and implementation of computer systems; focuses on managing information systems; and examines the impact of the Internet and private intranets on the hospitality industry. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HRI 241 Supervision in the Hospitality Industry (3 cr.)

Provides a comprehensive review of considerations for preparing students to become effective supervisors in restaurants and lodging operations. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HRI 242 Training and Development for the Hospitality Industry (3 cr.)

Provides a thorough look at training by addressing how to assess and analyze the training needs of new and established hospitality operations; look upon training and development as an investment; use training tools and techniques; train with technology; measure and evaluate training; and use different training techniques when training employees, supervisors, and managers. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HRI 251 Food and Beverage Cost Control I (3 cr.)

Presents methods of pre-cost and pre-control as applied to the menu, purchasing, receiving, storing, issuing, production, sales, and service, which result in achievement of an operation's profit potential. Emphasizes both manual and computerized approaches. Prerequisite: MTH 120. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HRI 255 Human Resources Management and Training for Hospitality and Tourism (3 cr.)

Prepares students for interviewing, training, and developing employees. Covers management skills (technical, human, and conceptual) and leadership. Covers the establishment and use of effective training and evaluative tools to improve productivity. Emphasizes staff and customer relations. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HRI 257 Catering Management (3 cr.)

Studies special functions in the hospitality industry. Presents lecture and demonstration in banquet layout, menus, services, sales, and supervision. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HRI 265 Hotel Front Office Operations (3 cr.)

Analyzes hotel front office positions and the procedures involved in reservation registration, accounting for and checking out guests, and principles and practices of night auditing. Covers the complete guest operation in both traditional and computerized operations. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HRI 270 Strategic Lodging Management (3 cr.)

Presents lodging management principles, focusing on strategic planning as the foundation for operational effectiveness. Synthesizes management practices, which can be used by entry-level, mid-level, and executive management. Prerequisites: HRI 154 and ACC 115 or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HRI 275 Hospitality Law (3 cr.)

Studies legal principles governing hospitality operations. Includes applications of common law and statutory decisions, discussion of legal theory, and regulations governing management of hospitality enterprises. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HRI 281 Artisan Breads (3 cr.)

Provides an integrated study of both classical and modern bread baking methods. Focuses on craft baking, using simple ingredients to create superior products. Prerequisite: HRI 280. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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HRI 282 European Tortes and Cakes (3 cr.)

Provides an integrated study of classical European tortes and cakes. Prerequisites: HRI 280 and HRI 283. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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HRI 283 Custards and Crèmes (3 cr.)

Consists of an integrated study of classical and contemporary custards and crèmes as menu items and recipe ingredients. Prerequisite: HRI 280. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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HRI 284 Specialty, Spa, and Plated Desserts (3 cr.)

Provides an integrated study of specialty, spa, and plated desserts, which possess enhanced value through artistic presentation. Prerequisites: HRI 280 and HRI 282. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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HRI 285 Chocolate and Sugar Arts (3 cr.)

Focuses on the study of chocolate and sugar as used by the pastry artist to create candies, confections, and showpieces. Prerequisite: HRI 280. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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HRI 286 Wedding and Specialty Cakes (3 cr.)

Provides an integrated study of wedding and specialty cakes. Prerequisites: HRI 280 and HRI 285. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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HRI 290 Coordinated Internship in Hospitality Management (3 cr.)

Provides supervised on-the-job training in selected business, industrial, or service firms coordinated by the college. Laboratory 15 hours per week.
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HRI 295 Topics in HM: Current Issues and Environmental Responsibilities in the Hospitality Industry (2 cr.)

Studies novel aspects of the evolving hospitality industry, including the collective impact of environmental stewardship and sustainability, local sourcing of products and ingredients, greening of hospitality businesses, cost-benefit analyses of sustainability decisions, and ethical questions related to these topics. Environmental Sustainability Designation: Course content related to the study of sustainable development. Lecture 2 hours per week.
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HRI 298 Seminar and Project in Hospitality Management (3 cr.)

Requires completion of a project or research report related to the student¿s occupational objectives and a study of approaches to the selection and pursuit of career opportunities in the field. Involves field research and observation, independent research, and development of a context for assimilating hospitality management principles. Prerequisites: HRI 154, HRI 224, HRI 235, and HRI 255. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HRI 299 Supervised Study: Capstone Study in Culinary Arts (2 cr.)

Assigns problems for independent study incorporating previous instruction and supervised by the instructor. Provides the student and instructor an opportunity to work together to identify the critical areas of need in the student¿s repertoire. An individualized plan will be developed to address the student¿s weaknesses and to lead progressively to a group demonstration of critical skills. Individual assessment constitutes the majority of this course. Lab, lecture, research, and out-of-class projects will be utilized. Prerequisites: HRI 106, HRI 219, HRI 218, HRI 220, HRI 206, HRI 207, HRI 145, HRI 128, HRI 159, HRI 119, HRI 122, HRI 134, HRI 251, and HRI 224. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 4 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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HORTICULTURE [top]

HRT 106 Practical Horticulture (1 cr.)

Provides practical experience in landscape construction equipment operations and maintenance. Laboratory 2 hours per week.
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HRT 110 Principles of Horticulture (3 cr.)

Introduces concepts of plant growth and development. Covers horticultural practices, crops, and environmental factors affecting plant growth. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HRT 115 Plant Propagation (3 cr.)

Teaches principles and practices of plant propagation. Examines commercial and home practices. Provides experience in techniques using seed-spores, cuttings, grafting, budding, layering, and division. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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HRT 119 Irrigation Systems for Turf and Ornamentals (3 cr.)

Explains why, when, and how irrigation systems are used by the grounds management industry. Includes component selection, system design, installation, operation, and maintenance. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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HRT 120 History of Garden Design (3 cr.)

Studies the development of gardens as they chronicle the development of civilization. Introduces the periods, in both Europe and North America, beginning with settlement and on through industrial development and land and space utilization to current environmental concerns. Explores physical and cultural influences on garden design and utilization. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HRT 121 Greenhouse Crop Production I (3 cr.)

Examines commercial practices related to production of floriculture crops. Considers production requirements, environmental control and management, and cultural techniques affecting production of seasonal crops. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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HRT 122 Greenhouse Crop Production II (3 cr.)

Continues commercial practices related to production of floriculture crops. Considers production requirements, environmental control and management, and cultural techniques. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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HRT 125 Chemicals in Horticulture (3 cr.)

Emphasizes basic chemical principles and their application to horticulture. Introduces principles of inorganic and organic chemicals. Studies chemical activities of insecticides, fungicides, herbicides, fertilizers, and growth regulators. Provides students an opportunity to test for their Commercial Pesticide Applicators License, administered by VDACS, at the end of the course. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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HRT 126 Home Landscaping (3 cr.)

Studies current approaches to improving home landscapes. Emphasizes planning, proper implementation, and landscape maintenance. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HRT 127 Horticultural Botany (3 cr.)

Studies taxonomy, anatomy, morphology, physiology, and genetics of plants as applied to identification, propagation, and culture. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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HRT 130 Introduction to Biointensive Mini-farming (3 cr.)

Familiarizes students, through lecture and demonstration, with small-scale food production by gardening. Covers the basics of composting and organic vegetable gardening using biointensive methods. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HRT 134 Four Season Food Production (3 cr.)

Familiarizes students with organic small-scale food production through lecture and demonstration. Includes seed saving, cover crops, and gardening planning. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HRT 150 Theory of Landscape Design (3 cr.)

Presents the theoretical aspects of landscape planning and design. Uses theory to analyze and solve design problems. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HRT 190 Coordinated Internship in Horticulture (1 cr.)

Provides supervised on-the-job training in selected business, industrial, or service firms in the horticulture industry coordinated by the college. Laboratory 5 hours per week.
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HRT 195 Topics in Horticulture: Alternative Food Crops and Production Methods (3 cr.)

Introduces students to alternative methods and crop choices for growing their own food or growing for market. Provides students the opportunity to gain the knowledge and experience necessary to successfully replicate class projects at their homes or businesses. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HRT 195 Topics in Horticulture: Annuals (1 cr.)

Considers annuals used in the landscape. Includes site selection and evaluation for annual culture under various environmental conditions, taxonomic identification, and control of insects and diseases. Lecture 1 hour per week.
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HRT 195 Topics in Horticulture: Hydroponics (3 cr.)

Introduces students to the general knowledge of water and nutrient relationships as they relate to soilless media. Examines plant/water relationships and optimum nutrition. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HRT 195 Topics in Horticulture: Projects for the Home and Garden (3 cr.)

Provides students an opportunity to apply basic knowledge of house and garden projects. Includes the selection and correct use of tools and equipment and practical hands-on installation instruction using the campus site as project models. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HRT 195 Topics in Horticulture: Tree and Shrub Propagation (2 cr.)

Introduces propagation methods of select trees and shrubs. Examines sexual and asexual methods and the environmental requirements for each. Lecture 2 hours per week.
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HRT 195 Topics in Horticulture: Tree and Shrub Pruning (1 cr.)

Introduces the proper methods of pruning for trees and shrubs. Examines proper tool selection, safety, sanitation, and timing of pruning. Lecture 1 hour per week.
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HRT 199 Training for Commercial Pesticide Application (3 cr.)

Introduces students to the principles and practices for safe pesticide usage as required by law in the state of Virginia. Students will participate in hands-on calibration exercises; take home label exercises; calibration math exercises; classroom lecture and discussion; and two tests. This course is usually taught as a Dynamic Course, meeting for 7 hours once a week for 7 weeks. Lecture 3 hours.
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HRT 201 Landscape Plant Materials I (3 cr.)

Studies landscape use of plants. Considers ornamental value, growth habit, identification, and limitations. Focuses on trees and shrubs. Part I of II. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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HRT 202 Landscape Plant Materials II (3 cr.)

Studies landscape use of plants. Considers ornamental value, growth habit, identification, and limitations. Focuses on trees and shrubs. Part II of II. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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HRT 205 Soils (3 cr.)

Teaches theoretical and practical aspects of soils and other growing media. Examines media components, chemical and physical properties, and soil organisms. Discusses management and conservation. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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HRT 225 Nursery and Garden Center Management (3 cr.)

Covers aspects of nursery management, including culture, plant handling, and facilities layout. Discusses aspects of garden center management, including planning and layout, purchasing, product selection, marketing, merchandising, and display. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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HRT 226 Greenhouse Management (3 cr.)

Discusses the theoretical and applied practices of managing a greenhouse facility. Emphasizes greenhouse construction and design, environmental control, energy conservation, and related topics. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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HRT 227 Professional Landscape Management (3 cr.)

Focuses on basic practices and techniques involving landscape management. Includes development of a year-round management calendar and preparation of bid and contract proposals. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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HRT 231 Planting Design I (3 cr.)

Applies landscape theory and principles of drawing to the planning of residential and small-scale commercial landscape designs. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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HRT 232 Planting Design II (3 cr.)

Applies landscape theory and principles of drawing to the planning of large-scale landscape designs. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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HRT 235 Landscape Drawing (3 cr.)

Teaches students the use of drafting equipment. Emphasizes drawing techniques and use of media. Includes hardline and freestyle landscape drawing. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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HRT 238 Growing for Market Mini-farming (3 cr.)

Focuses on development of a marketing plan for mini-farm items offered for sale to the public, retail, and wholesale. Includes hands-on experience in double-digging, planting, crop testing, and utilization of compost. Prerequisite: HRT 130 or permission of instructor. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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HRT 239 Complete Diet Mini-farming (3 cr.)

Considers biointensive methods by which food can be grown for personal or family consumption, emphasizing high nutritional yield in relatively small areas. Focuses on the development of a garden plan that includes vegetable and root crops and grains used for food and composting. Prerequisite: HRT 130 or permission of instructor. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HRT 244 Computer-Aided Drafting and Design (CADD) for Landscape Designers (3 cr.)

Provides instruction in the use of computer-aided drafting and design software for developing landscape plans and supporting information for drawings, such as dimension and area calculations. Prerequisite: HRT 231 or program head approval. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: HRT 232 or permission of instructor. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HRT 249 Perennial Plants (3 cr.)

Considers the perennial plants used in the landscape. Includes site selection and evaluation for perennial culture, perennial plant selection, perennial culture under various environmental conditions, taxonomic identification, and control of insects and diseases. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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HRT 259 Arboriculture (3 cr.)

Studies the techniques of tree care. Covers surgery, pruning, insect and disease recognition and control, fertilization, cabling, and lightning rod installation. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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HRT 260 Introduction to Floral Design (3 cr.)

Teaches skills required for the composition of basic table arrangements. Includes the history of design styles, identification of flowers and greens, identification and use of equipment, and conditioning and handling of flowers. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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HRT 266 Advanced Floral Design (3 cr.)

Teaches skills required for composition of traditional floral designs and contemporary floral designs. Includes wedding, funeral, and special occasion designs and the use of exotic florals to create arrangement styles, such as Japanese, European, and Williamsburg. Prerequisite: HRT 260. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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HRT 268 Advanced Floral Design Applications (3 cr.)

Teaches skills required for the composition of large floral arrangements. Includes wedding, funeral, and special occasion designs for the home as well as public areas. Includes use of dried and silk flowers for special occasions. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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HRT 269 Professional Turf Care (3 cr.)

Covers turfgrass identification, selection, culture, propagation, and pest control. Surveys commercial turf care operations and use of common equipment. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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HRT 275 Landscape Construction and Maintenance (3 cr.)

Examines practical applications of commercial landscape construction techniques and materials used. Covers construction, planting, and maintenance. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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HRT 290 Coordinated Internship in Horticulture (2 cr.)

Provides students an opportunity for on-the-job training in selected business, industrial, or service firms coordinated by the college for a total of 160 contact hours, regardless of the length of the term. Student commitment is 160 hours regardless of the semester enrolled. Laboratory 10 hours per week (if a 16-week term).
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HRT 295 Topics in Horticulture: Estate Gardens (3 cr.)

Introduces students to the diverse management and design processes involved in developing and maintaining large residential or public gardens. Covers in detail different design situations with a focus on public accessibility, design elements, and maintenance considerations. Addresses coordination and implementation of the various elements that go into the creation and maintenance of large gardens. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HRT 295 Topics in Horticulture: From Landscape Design to Installation (3 cr.)

Provides students with opportunities to implement a landscape design. Through lectures, demonstrations, and facility tours, students will be able to successfully implement any landscape design. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HRT 295 Topics in Horticulture: Principles of Four-Season Landscapes (3 cr.)

Provides students with the knowledge base to create gardens and landscapes with emphasis on each season. Covers the diverse range of plants available for use in landscapes, including rare, unique, and new plant varieties. Teaches proper plant nomenclature, cultural requirements, site placement, and the ability to distinguish the different foliage, texture, color, and habit of selected plants. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: (one of the following courses) HRT 201, HRT 202, HRT 249, HRT 250, or program head approval. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HRT 295 Topics in Horticulture: Sports Turf Management (3 cr.)

Addresses the scientific principles for the establishment and maintenance of intensely-managed turfgrass for golf courses and athletic fields. Topics include seeding, sprigging, sodding, irrigation, fertilization, weed identification and control, insect identification and control, fungus identification and control, drainage, and mowing. Also covers critical tasks for constructing recreational turfgrass facilities. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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HRT 295 Topics in Horticulture: Sustainable Landscape Design (3 cr.)

Exposes students to the concept of "Sustainable Landscape Design" as presented by the Sustainable Sites Initiative. Studies the Sustainable Sites Initiative, which provides a strong foundation for understanding the requirements as related to site design for LEED certification. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HUMANITIES [top]

HUM 100 Survey of the Humanities (3 cr.)

Introduces the humanities through the art, literature, music, and philosophy of various cultures and historical periods. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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HUM 260 Survey of Twentieth-Century Culture (3 cr.)

Explores literature, visual arts, philosophy, music, and history of our time from an interdisciplinary perspective. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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INTERPRETATION [top]

INT 105 Interpreting Foundations I (3 cr.)

Develops fundamental skills of interpreting, including cognitive processes and intralingual language development in English and ASL. Reviews Process Models of interpreting and uses one to analyze interpretations. Develops feedback skills essential to the team interpreting process. Part I of II. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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INT 106 Interpreting Foundations II (3 cr.)

Develops fundamental skills of interpreting, including cognitive processes and intralingual language development in English and ASL. Reviews Process Models of interpreting and uses one to analyze interpretations. Develops feedback skills essential to the team interpreting process. Part II of II. Prerequisite: ENG 111. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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INT 107 Translation Skills (3 cr.)

Further develops fundamental skills needed for the task of interpreting Targets comprehending source language (either ASL or English), transferring content into memory store (breaking from original form), restructuring into target language, maintaining message equivalence, conveying implicit and inferred information, and applying appropriate discourse structure. Reviews Process Model of interpreting and uses it to analyze translations. Further develops feedback skills essential to the team interpreting process. Prerequisites: INT 105, INT 106, and ASL 262. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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INT 130 Interpreting: An Introduction to the Profession (3 cr.)

Introduces basic principles and practices of interpreting, focusing on the history of the profession, logistics of interpreting situations, regulatory and legislative issues, resources, and the Code of Ethics. Describes the state quality assurance screening and national certification exam systems, including test procedures. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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INT 133 ASL-to-English Interpretation I (3 cr.)

Provides students the opportunity to begin consecutively interpreting monologues from the source language (ASL) to the target language (English); watch, process, and analyze entire ASL monologues; choose appropriate English to match the message; and eventually interpret the monologue into English. Puts interpreting theory into practice in a lab environment. Develops team interpreting techniques and provides students with the opportunity to interact with consumers of ASL-English interpretation and conduct research in the field of interpretation. Prerequisite: INT 107. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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INT 134 English-to-ASL Interpretation I (3 cr.)

Provides students the opportunity to begin consecutively interpreting monologues from the source language (English) to the target language (ASL); listen to, process, and analyze entire English monologues; and choose appropriate ASL to match the message. Puts interpreting theory into practice in a lab environment. Develops team interpreting techniques and provides students with the opportunity to interact with consumers of ASL-English interpretation and conduct research in the field of interpretation. Prerequisite: INT 107. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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INT 195 Topics in Interpreter Education: EIPA Written Assessment Prep (1 cr.)

Covers the contents of the Educational Interpreter Performance Assessment (EIPA) written exam, which includes role and function of the K-12 educational interpreter, knowledge and application of the EIPA Code of Ethics, knowledge and application of applicable state and federal laws, and linguistic questions related to the languages of English and American Sign Language. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111. Co-requisite: ASL 220 or program head permission. Lecture 1 hour per week.
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INT 195 Topics in Interpreter Education: Introduction to ASL-English Interpretation (1 cr.)

Introduces the student to the ASL-English Interpretation AAS degree requirements and other avenues necessary to achieve certification, establishes the standard of work ethic required to successfully complete the curriculum, provides an overview of the requirements typically required to work as an interpreter, and provides for an introduction to and a discussion of the application of the RID Code of Ethics and the NAD-RID Code of Professional Conduct. Lecture 1 hour per week.
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INT 195 Topics in Interpreter Education: Introduction to Oral Transliteration I (1 cr.)

Studies roles, responsibilities, and qualifications involved in working as an oral transliterator. Addresses specific linguistic and communication concerns typically occurring in the oral transliteration setting. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111. 1 lecture hour per week.
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INT 195 Topics in Interpreter Education: VQAS Written Assessment Prep (1 cr.)

Covers the contents of the Virginia Quality Assurance Screening (VQAS) written exam, which includes role and function of the ASL-English interpreter, knowledge and application of the RID Code of Ethics, and knowledge and application of applicable state and federal laws. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or program head permission. Lecture 1 hour per week.
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INT 233 ASL-to-English Interpretation II (3 cr.)

Teaches students to perform simultaneous interpretations of monologues in the source language (ASL) to the target language (English) and process an incoming ASL monologue while simultaneously producing an appropriate interpretation in English. Provides students the opportunity to conduct research in the field of interpretation, apply team interpreting techniques, and interact with consumers of interpretation. Prerequisites: INT 133 and INT 134. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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INT 234 English-to-ASL Interpretation II (3 cr.)

Teaches students to perform simultaneous interpretations of monologues in the source language (English) into the target language (ASL) and process an incoming English monologue while simultaneously producing an appropriate interpretation in ASL. Provides students the opportunity to conduct research in the field of interpretation, apply team interpreting techniques, and interact with consumers of interpretation. Prerequisites: INT 133 and INT 134. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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INT 250 Dialogic Interpretation I (3 cr.)

Provides students the opportunity to apply interpreting fundamentals, interpret dialogs between spoken English and ASL users, analyze interpretations by using a Process Model of Interpreting, conduct research, practice team interpreting skills in an interactive interpreting environment, and prepare for the interactive nature of standard interpreting evaluations. Prerequisites: INT 233 and INT 234. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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INT 280 Interpreter Assessment Preparation (3 cr.)

Prepares student to sit for a specific interpreter assessment tool. Examines the contents of the various segments of the assessment tool. Provides an opportunity for the student to design and implement a specific individualized work plan based upon a diagnostic assessment of the student's interpretation product to improve all knowledge, skill, and ability elements in order to meet or exceed the competency set for the selected interpreter assessment tool. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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INT 290 Coordinated Internship in Interpreter Education (3 cr.)

Provides an internship under guidance of a professional interpreter as a means to transition from school to work. (Provides supervised on-the-job training in selected business, industrial, or service firms coordinated by the college.) Prerequisites: INT 250 and successful completion of the written portion of an ASL-English interpreting assessment. Laboratory 12 hours per week.
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INT 295 Topics in Interpreter Education: Interpreting in Safe Settings (3 cr.)

Studies roles, responsibilities, and qualifications involved in working in the freelance setting, including ethical and business practices. Addresses specific linguistic, placement, and practice concerns for the freelance/contract practitioner. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: INT 233 and INT 234 or program head placement. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY DESIGN [top]

ITD 110 Web Page Design I (3 cr.)

Stresses a working knowledge of web site designs, construction, and management using HTML or XHTML and Dreamweaver CS3. Includes headings, lists, links, images, image maps, tables, forms, and frames. Prerequisite: ITE 115 or school approval. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ITD 112 Designing Web Page Graphics (3 cr.)

Addresses the creation of digital graphics for web design. Explores basic design elements, such as color and layout, utilizing a computer graphics program. Prerequisite: ITE 115 or school approval. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ITD 120 Design Concepts for Mobile Applications (3 cr.)

Provides skills for designing both web-based and stand-alone applications for wireless devices. Details discussion of the needs for applications, including mobile phones and a range of rich hand-held devices, such as PDAs. Emphasizes the importance of usability, accessibility, optimization, and performance to create fast-loading business enterprise applications and games. Prerequisites: ITE 115 and ITD 110. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ITD 130 Database Fundamentals (4 cr.)

Introduces the student to Relational Database and Relational Database theory. Includes planning, defining, and using a database; table design, linking, and normalization; and types of databases, database description, and definition. Additional topics cover the use of Entity Relationship (ER) modeling in detail through many real-life examples and practical business problems and solutions. After several iterations, the ER model captures the data requirements and business rules and forms a sound basis for the initial design of a relational database. The introduction to SQL allows for the implementation of a database design using SQL. Prerequisite: ITE 115 or school approval. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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ITD 132 Structured Query Language (T-SQL) (4 cr.)

Incorporates a working introduction to commands, functions, and operators used in SQL for extracting data from standard databases. Provides students with hands-on experience developing code, functions, triggers, and stored procedures for SQL Server 2012. Prerequisite ITD 130 or equivalent. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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ITD 134 PL/SQL Programming (4 cr.)

Presents a working introduction to PL/SQL programming within the Oracle RDBMS environment. Includes PL/SQL fundamentals of block program structure, variables, cursors and exceptions, and creation of program units of procedures, functions, triggers, and packages. Prerequisite: ITD 130 or school approval. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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ITD 210 Web Page Design II (4 cr.)

Incorporates advanced techniques in web site planning, design, usability, accessibility, advanced site management, and maintenance utilizing web editor software. Prerequisite: ITD 110 or school approval. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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ITD 212 Interactive Web Design (4 cr.)

Provides techniques in interactive design concepts to create cross-platform, low-bandwidth animations utilizing a vector-based application. Emphasizes the importance of usability, accessibility, optimization, and performance. Prerequisite: ITD 110 or equivalent. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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ITD 298 Seminar and Project: Web Design Capstone (4 cr.)

Provides students with hands-on experience developing exemplary web sites created with Dreamweaver using advanced behaviors and techniques, such as Asynchronous JavaScript and XML (AJAX), database connectivity, Flash with ActionScript 3.0, and additional components that students will select. Prerequisite: ITD 210 or permission of the instructor. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ESSENTIALS [top]

ITE 115 Introduction to Computer Applications and Concepts (3 cr.)

Covers computer concepts and internet skills and uses a software suite which includes word processing, spreadsheet, database, and presentation software to demonstrate skills required for computer literacy. Prerequisite: Keyboarding skills. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ITE 130 Introduction to Internet Services (3 cr.)

Provides students with a working knowledge of Internet terminology and services, including e-mail, WWW browsing, search engines, ftp, file compression, and other services using a variety of software packages. Provides instruction for basic web page construction. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ITE 140 Spreadsheet Software (Excel) (3 cr.)

Covers the use of spreadsheet software to create spreadsheets with formatted cells and cell ranges, control pages, multiple sheets, charts, and macros. Includes typing and editing text in a cell, entering data on multiple worksheets, working with formulas and functions, creating charts and pivot tables, styles, inserting headers and footers, and filtering data. Covers MOS Excel objectives. Prerequisite: ITE 115 or school approval. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ITE 150 Desktop Database Software (Access) (3 cr.)

Incorporates instruction in planning, defining, and using a database; performing queries; producing reports; working with multiple files; and concepts of database programming. Includes database concepts, principles of table design and table relationships, entering data, creating and using forms, using data from different sources, filtering, and creating mailing labels. Covers MOS Access certification objectives. Prerequisite: ITE 115 or school approval. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ITE 215 Advanced Computer Applications and Integration (3 cr.)

Incorporates advanced computer concepts, including the integration of a software suite. Prerequisite: ITE 115 or school approval. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ITE 221 PC Hardware and OS Architecture (4 cr.)

Covers instruction about processors, internal functions, peripheral devices, computer organization, memory management, architecture, instruction format, and basic OS architecture. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: ITE 115 or school approval. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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ITE 290 Coordinated Internship in Information Technology (3 cr.)

Provides students supervised on-the-job training in Information Systems Technology. Laboratory 12 hours per week.
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ITE 298 Seminar and Project: Microcomputer Applications Capstone (4 cr.)

Provides students with hands-on experience using the current version of Microsoft Office in order to integrate the software applications to produce realistic business projects. Prerequisites: AST 141, ITE 140, ITE 150, ITD 110 or permission of the instructor. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY NETWORKING [top]

ITN 100 Introduction to Telecommunications (3 cr.)

Surveys data transmission systems, communication lines, data sets, network interfacing protocols, and modes of transmission. Emphasizes network structure and operation. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: ITE 115 or school approval. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ITN 101 Introduction to Network Concepts (4 cr.)

Provides instruction in networking media, physical and logical topologies, common networking standards, and popular networking protocols. Emphasizes the TCP/IP protocol suite and related IP addressing schemes, including CIDR. Includes selected topics in network implementation, support, and LAN/WAN connectivity. Prerequisite: ITE 221 or school approval. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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ITN 110 Client Operating System (Windows 8) (4 cr.)

Covers installation, configuration, administration, management, maintenance, and troubleshooting of the Client Operating System (Windows 8) in a networked data communications environment. Prerequisite: ITN 101. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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ITN 111 Server Administration (Server 2012) (4 cr.)

Covers basic instruction in various network protocols, name resolution services, remote access, security, and print installation, configuration, administration, monitoring, and troubleshooting of Server Administration software (Server 2012) in an Active Directory domain environment. Prerequisite: ITN 110 or school approval. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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ITN 112 Network Infrastructure (Server 2012) (4 cr.)

Provides extensive instruction for the technical knowledge required for installation, configuration, administration, monitoring, and troubleshooting of Network Infrastructure services (Server 2012), such as NDS, DHCP, WINS, RRAS, NAT, and Certificate Authority to support the network infrastructure. Prerequisite: ITN 111 or school approval. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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ITN 113 Active Directory (Server 2012) (4 cr.)

Covers installation, configuration, administration, monitoring, and troubleshooting of Active Directory (Server 2012) components, DNS, Group Policy objects, RIS, and security. Prerequisite: ITN 111 or school approval. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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ITN 154 Networking Fundamentals - Cisco (4 cr.)

Introduces networking using the OSI reference model. Covers data encapsulation, TCP/IP suite, routing, IP addressing, and structured cabling design and implementation. Prerequisite: ITE 221. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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ITN 155 Introductory Routing - Cisco (4 cr.)

Features an introduction to basic router configuration using Cisco IOS software. Includes system components, interface configuration, IP network design, troubleshooting techniques, configuration and verification of IP addresses, and router protocols. Prerequisite: ITN 154 or school approval. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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ITN 156 Basic Switching and Routing - Cisco (4 cr.)

Centers instruction in LAN segmentation using bridges, routers, and switches. Includes fast Ethernet, access lists, routing protocols, spanning tree protocol, virtual LANs, and network management. Prerequisite: ITN 155 or school approval. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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ITN 157 WAN Technologies - Cisco (4 cr.)

Concentrates on an introduction to Wide Area Networking (WANs). Includes WAN design, LAPB, Frame Relay, ISDN, HDLC, and PPP. Prerequisite: ITN 156 or school approval. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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ITN 171 Unix I (3 cr.)

Introduces UNIX operating systems. Teaches login procedures, file creation, UNIX file structure, input/output control, and the UNIX shell. Prerequisite: ITE 115 or school approval. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ITN 213 Information Storage and Management (4 cr.)

Focuses on advanced storage systems, protocol, and architectures, including Storage Area Networks (SAN), Network Attached Storage (NAS), Fibre Channel Networks, Internet Protocol SANs (IPSAN), iSCSI, and Content Addressable Storage (CAS). Prerequisite: ITN 111. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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ITN 231 Desktop Virtualization (4 cr.)

Explores the concepts and capabilities of desktop and application virtualization with a focus on the installation, configuration, and management of the virtual desktop and application infrastructure. Prerequisite: ITN 111. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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ITN 254 Virtual Infrastructure: Installation and Configuration (4 cr.)

Explores concepts and capabilities of virtual architecture with a focus on the installation, configuration, and management of a virtual infrastructure, ESX Server, and Virtual Center. Covers fundamentals of virtual network design and implementation, fundamentals of storage area networks, virtual switching, virtual system management, and engineering for high availability. Prerequisite: ITN 171. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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ITN 255 Virtual Infrastructure: Deployment, Security, and Analysis (4 cr.)

Focuses on the deployment, security, and analysis of the virtual infrastructure, including scripted installations, advanced virtual switching for security, server monitoring for health and resource management, high-availability management, system backups, and fault analysis. Prerequisite: ITN 254. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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ITN 260 Network Security Basics (4 cr.)

Explores the basics of network security in depth. Includes security objectives, security architecture, security models, and security layers. Covers risk management, network security policy, and security training. Includes the five security keys: confidentiality, integrity, availability, accountability, and auditability. Prerequisite: ITN 101 or school approval. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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ITN 261 Network Attacks, Computer Crime, and Hacking (4 cr.)

Explores in-depth various methods for attacking and defending a network. Covers network security concepts from the viewpoint of hackers and their attack methodologies. Discusses hackers, attacks, Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS), malicious code, computer crime, and industrial espionage. Prerequisite: ITN 260 or school approval. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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ITN 262 Network Communication, Security, and Authentication (4 cr.)

Explores in-depth various communication protocols with a concentration on TCP/IP. Discusses communication protocols from the point of view of the hacker in order to highlight protocol weaknesses. Includes Internet architecture, routing, addressing, topology, fragmentation, and protocol analysis. Includes the use of various utilities to explore TCP/IP. Prerequisite: ITN 261 or school approval. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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ITN 263 Internet/Intranet Firewalls and e-Commerce Security (4 cr.)

Explores in-depth firewall, Web security, and e-Commerce security. Covers firewall concepts, types, topology, and the firewall's relationship to the TCP/IP protocol. Discusses client/server architecture, the Web server, HTML, and HTTP in relation to Web security, digital certification, D.509, and public key infrastructure (PKI). Prerequisite: ITN 262 or school approval. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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ITN 266 Network Security Layers (4 cr.)

Explores in-depth various security layers needed to protect the network. Addresses network security from the viewpoint of the environment in which the network operates and the necessity to secure that environment to lower the security risk to the network. Includes physical security, personnel security, operating system security, software security, and database security. Prerequisite: ITN 262 or school approval. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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ITN 267 Legal Topics in Network Security (3 cr.)

Explores in-depth the civil and common law issues that apply to network security. Addresses statutes and jurisdictional and constitutional issues related to computer crime and privacy. Includes rules of evidence, seizure, and evidence handling, court presentation, and computer privacy in the digital age. Prerequisite: ITN 262 or school approval. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ITN 270 Advanced Linux Network Administration (4 cr.)

Focuses on the configuration and administration of the Linux operating system as a network server. Emphasizes the configuration of common network services, such as routing, http, DNS, DHCP, ftp, telnet, SMB, NFS, and NIS. Prerequisite: ITN 170 or school approval. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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ITN 295 Topics in ITN: Introduction to Windows PowerShell (4 cr.)

Provides instruction in the use of Windows PowerShell scripting to automate the Windows desktop and server operating system tasks. Prerequisites and Co-requisites: ITN 110 and ITN 111 or school approval. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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ITN 298 Seminar and Project: Networking Capstone Course (4 cr.)

Covers the use of advanced concepts and utilities with current network operating systems. Includes administrator duties, such as server organization, permissions and rights, and client side issues, such as configuration, troubleshooting, and installation of applications. Prerequisites: ITN 111, ITN 260, and ITN 171 or equivalent courses and knowledge. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY PROGRAMMING [top]

ITP 112 Visual Basic.NET I (4 cr.)

Concentrates instruction in fundamentals of object-oriented programming using Visual Basic.NET and the .NET framework. Emphasizes program construction, algorithm development, coding, debugging, and documentation of graphical user interface applications. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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ITP 120 Java Programming I (4 cr.)

Teaches the fundamentals of object-oriented programming using Java. Emphasizes program construction, algorithm development, coding, debugging, and documentation of console and graphical user interface applications. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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ITP 136 C# Programming I (4 cr.)

Teaches the fundamentals of object-oriented programming and design using C#. Emphasizes program construction, algorithm development, coding, debugging, and documentation of applications within the .NET Framework. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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ITP 160 Introduction to Game Design and Development (3 cr.)

Introduces object-oriented game design and development. Provides overview of the electronic game design and development process and underlines the historical contest, content creation strategies, game careers, and future trends in the industry. Utilizes a game language environment to introduce game design, object-oriented paradigms, software design, software development, and product testing. Teaches skills of writing a game design document and creating a game with several levels and objects. Integrates 2D animations, 3D models, sound effects, and background music, as well as graphic backgrounds. Prerequisite: ITE 115 or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ITP 195 Topics in Information Technology Programming: Python Programming I (4 cr.)

Provides students with knowledge of a popular software development tool, Python programming language. Users of spreadsheets, games, data quality tools, and much more will learn to use Python to express rich, yet flexible, business rules in a lightweight syntax. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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ITP 212 Visual Basic.Net II (4 cr.)

Includes instruction in application of advanced event-driven techniques to application development. Emphasizes database connectivity, advanced controls, web forms, and web services using Visual Basic.NET. Prerequisite: ITP 112. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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ITP 220 Java Programming II (4 cr.)

Covers the application of advanced object-oriented techniques to application development using Java. Emphasizes database connectivity, inner classes, collection classes, networking, and threads. Prerequisite: ITP 120 or school approval. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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ITP 226 Mobile Java Android Development (4 cr.)

Provides the necessary design and programming skills required for developing applications on mobile devices (smartphones, tablets, etc.), utilizing the Java-based Android Development Kit to create Android applications from concept to business model to final product. Prerequisite: ITP 120 (Java) or another object-oriented programming language. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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ITP 236 C# Programming II (4 cr.)

Focuses instruction in advanced object-oriented techniques using C# for application development. Emphasizes database connectivity and networking using the .NET Framework and database processing using the Entity Framework. Prerequisite: ITP 136 or equivalent. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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ITP 244 ASP.NET - Server Side Programming (4 cr.)

Teaches the creation of ASP.NET Web applications to deliver dynamic content to a web site utilizing server controls, web forms, and web services to accomplish complex data access tasks. Prerequisites: ITP 136 and ITP 236 or school approval. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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ITP 251 Systems Analysis and Design (3 cr.)

Focuses on application of information technologies (IT) to system life cycle methodology, systems analysis, systems design, and system implementation practices. Covers methodologies related to identification of information requirements; feasibility in the areas of economic, technical, and social requirements; and related issues. Software applications may be used to enhance student skills. Prerequisite: ITE 115 or school approval. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ITP 295 Topics in Information Technology Programming: Project Management Tools (3 cr.)

Introduces the concepts of project management and how to use Microsoft Project software to manage project requirements. Prerequisite: ITE 115 or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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ITP 298 Seminar and Project in Information Technology Programming: Programming Capstone (4 cr.)

Provides students with hands-on experience developing sophisticated web-based applications using ASP.NET and SQL Server, including profiles, personalization, web parts, themes, multi-lingual, and web services. Students will work in small teams to build a semester-long project. Prerequisites: ITP 236, ITP 244, ITP 251, and ITD 130 or permission of the instructor. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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LEGAL ASSISTING (PARALEGAL STUDIES) [top]

LGL 110 Introduction to Law and the Legal Assistant (3 cr.)

Introduces various areas of law in which a legal assistant may be employed. Includes study of the court system (Virginia and federal); a brief overview of criminal law, torts, domestic relations, evidence, the U.C.C., contracts, ethics; the role of the legal assistant; and other areas of interest. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: ENG 111 or permission of instructor. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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LGL 117 Family Law (3 cr.)

Studies elements of a valid marriage, grounds for divorce and annulment, separation, defenses, custody, support, adoptions, and applicable tax consequences. Includes property settlement, pre- and ante-nuptial agreements, pleadings, and rules of procedure. May include specific federal and Virginia consumer laws and an overview of bankruptcy law. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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LGL 125 Legal Research (3 cr.)

Provides an understanding of various components of a law library and emphasizes research skills through the use of digests, encyclopedias, reporter systems, codes, Shepard's Citations, ALR, and other research tools. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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LGL 126 Legal Writing (3 cr.)

Studies proper preparation of various legal documents, including legal memoranda, letters, and pleadings. Involves practical applications. May include case and appellate briefs. Prerequisites: ENG 111 or permission of instructor and LGL 125. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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LGL 200 Ethics for the Legal Assistant (1 cr.)

Examines general principles of ethical conduct applicable to legal assistants. Includes the application of rules of ethics to the practicing legal assistant. Lecture 1 hour per week.
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LGL 210 Virginia and Federal Procedure (3 cr.)

Examines in-depth the rules of procedure in Virginia and federal court systems, including the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and the Rules of Practice and Procedure in the District Court, Circuit Court, Court of Appeals, and Supreme Court of Virginia. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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LGL 215 Torts (3 cr.)

Studies fundamental principles of the law of torts, including preparation and use of pleadings and other documents involved in the trial of a civil action. Emphasizes personal injury, product liability, and medical malpractice cases. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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LGL 216 Trial Preparation and Discovery Practice (3 cr.)

Examines the trial process, including the preparation of a trial notebook, pretrial motions, and orders. Includes preparation of interrogatories, depositions, and other discovery tools used in assembling evidence in preparation for trial or an administrative hearing. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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LGL 218 Criminal Law (3 cr.)

Focuses on major crimes, including their classification, elements of proof, intent, conspiracy, responsibility, parties, and defenses. Emphasizes Virginia law. May include general principles of applicable constitutional law and criminal procedure. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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LGL 220 Administrative Practice and Procedure (3 cr.)

Surveys applicable administrative laws, including the Privacy Act, the Administrative Process Act, and the Freedom of Information Act. Studies practice and procedure involving the ABC Commission, State Corporation Commission, Division of Workers' Compensation, Social Security Administration, Virginia Employment Commission, and other administrative agencies. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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LGL 221 E-Practice (3 cr.)

Prepares students to electronically file (e-file) in federal court, state court, and appropriate administrative agencies. Provides the student with the proper information on electronic discovery (e-discovery), including how data are requested, located, and searched in the course of litigation. Focuses on the proper process required to be in conformance with the appropriate laws. Prerequisites: LGL 210 and LGL 216. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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LGL 222 Information Technology for the Paralegal (3 cr.)

Provides extensive instruction on technology in the law office, including word processing tools, spreadsheet programs, database management systems, office management programs, case management programs, electronic mail, the cloud, and the use of the Internet in the practice of law. Prerequisite: ITE 115 or faculty approval. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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LGL 225 Estate Planning and Probate (3 cr.)

Introduces various devices used to plan an estate, including wills, trusts, joint ownership, and insurance. Considers various plans in light of family situations and estate objectives. Focuses on practices involving administration of an estate, including taxes and preparation of forms. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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LGL 226 Real Estate Abstracting (3 cr.)

Reviews aspects of abstracting title to real estate and recordation of land transactions, liens, grantor-grantee indices, warranties, covenants, restrictions, and easements. Prerequisite: LGL 228 or permission of program head. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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LGL 228 Real Estate Settlement Practicum (3 cr.)

Focuses on methods and practices in administrative area of real estate closings, back title information, preliminary report from attorney's title notes, lender's requirements, payoffs, HUD-1 settlement statement, real estate taxes, interest, escrow, disbursement, and release of liens of record. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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LGL 235 Legal Aspects of Business Organizations (3 cr.)

Studies fundamental principles of agency law and the formation of business organizations. Includes sole proprietorship, partnerships, corporations, limited liability companies, and other business entities. Reviews preparation of the documents necessary for the organization and operation of businesses. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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LGL 238 Bankruptcy (3 cr.)

Provides a practical understanding of nonbankruptcy alternatives and the laws of bankruptcy, including Chapters 7, 11, 12, and 13 of the Bankruptcy Code. Emphasizes the preparation of petitions, schedules, statements, and other forms. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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LGL 245 Post-Trial and Appellate Practice (3 cr.)

Teaches post-trial motions, enforcing judgments, and appellate practice and procedure. Emphasizes the preparation of documents to enforce judgments and to appeal a judgment from a Virginia District Court to a Virginia Circuit Court and to the Virginia Court of Appeals and Virginia Supreme Court, and from the United States District Court to the United States Supreme Court. Prerequisites: LGL 210 and LGL 216. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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LGL 290 Coordinated Internship in Legal Assisting (3 cr.)

Provides supervised on-the-job training in selected business, industrial, or service firms coordinated by the college. Laboratory 12 hours per week.
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MEDICAL LABORATORY [top]

MDL 101 Introduction to Medical Laboratory Techniques (3 cr.)

Introduces the basic techniques, including design of the health care system, ethics, terminology, calculations, venipuncture, and routine urinalysis. Prerequisites: All (or most with program head approval) general education courses required in the Medical Laboratory Technology program. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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MDL 105 Phlebotomy (3 cr.)

Introduces basic medical terminology, anatomy, physiology, components of health care delivery, and clinical laboratory structure. Teaches techniques of specimen collection, specimen handling, and patient interactions. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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MDL 110 Urinalysis and Body Fluids (3 cr.)

Studies the gross, chemical, and microscopic techniques used in the clinical laboratory. Emphasizes the study of clinical specimens, which include the urine, feces, cerebrospinal fluid, blood, and body exudates. Introduces specimen collection and preparation. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: MDL 101. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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MDL 125 Clinical Hematology I (3 cr.)

Teaches the cellular elements of blood, including blood cell formation and routine hematological procedures. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: MDL 101. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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MDL 190 Coordinated Practice in Phlebotomy (MLT) (2 cr.)

Provides supervised on-the-job training in a designated specimen collection location. Includes skill development and evaluation of blood collection using venipuncture and capillary techniques, specimen handling, patient/staff interactions, professional behavior, and troubleshooting the collection process. Requires successful completion of 100 procedures for students to pass this course. Prerequisites: Successful completion of MDL 101 or MDL 105. Laboratory 40 hours per week for three weeks.
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MDL 190 Coordinated Practice in Phlebotomy Training (4 cr.)

Provides supervised training and practice in venipuncture for phlebotomy students at clinical sites coordinated by the college. Students will observe venipunctures, perform some procedures with supervision, and perform the remaining venipunctures on their own. A total of 100 venipunctures and 25 dermal punctures must be completed successfully to pass this clinical. Students may also be required to attend site-specific training related to bloodborne pathogens and HIPAA and participate in skills assessments by Reynolds faculty. Prerequisite: MDL 105. Laboratory 40 hours per week for three weeks.
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MDL 210 Immunology and Serology (3 cr.)

Teaches principles of basic immunology, physiology of the immune system, diseases involving the immune system, and serologic procedures. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: MDL 101. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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MDL 216 Blood Banking (4 cr.)

Teaches fundamentals of blood grouping and typing, compatibility testing, antibody screening, component preparation, donor selection, and transfusion reactions and investigation. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: MDL 210. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 5 hours. Total 7 hours per week.
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MDL 225 Clinical Hematology II (3 cr.)

Teaches advanced study of blood to include coagulation, abnormal blood formation, and changes seen in various diseases. Prerequisite: MDL 125. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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MDL 251 Clinical Microbiology I (3 cr.)

Teaches handling, isolation, and identification of pathogenic microorganisms. Emphasizes clinical techniques of bacteriology and mycology. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: MDL 101. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 4 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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MDL 252 Clinical Microbiology II (3 cr.)

Teaches handling, isolation, and identification of pathogenic microorganisms. Emphasizes clinical techniques of bacteriology, mycology, parasitology, and virology. Prerequisite: MDL 251 (or BIO 205). Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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MDL 262 Clinical Chemistry and Instrumentation II (4 cr.)

Introduces methods of performing biochemical analysis of clinical specimens. Teaches instrumentation involved in a clinical chemistry laboratory, quality control, and the ability to recognize technical problems. Prerequisites or Co-requisites: MDL 101 and CHM 101 or CHM 111. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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MDL 281 Clinical Correlations (1 cr.)

Teaches students to apply knowledge gained in courses offered in the MDL curriculum using primarily a case history form of presentation. Emphasizes critical-thinking skills in the practice of laboratory medicine. To be taken in final semester while students are in clinical rotations. Lecture 1 hour per week.
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MDL 290 Coordinated Practice in Blood Bank/Transfusion Medicine (2 cr.)

Provides supervised on-the-job training in a hospital blood bank. Includes skill development and evaluation of typing and cross-matching technique for transfusion, analyzing data and formulating reports, performing and analyzing quality control measures, and troubleshooting test parameters. Prerequisites: Successful completion of the first four semesters of the MDL curriculum and program permission to enroll in this course. Co-requisite: MDL 281. Laboratory 40 hours per week for three weeks.
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MDL 290 Coordinated Practice in Clinical Chemistry (2 cr.)

Provides supervised on-the-job training in a clinical chemistry laboratory. Includes skill development and evaluation of chemical analysis technique for blood and other body fluids, analyzing data and formulating reports, performing and analyzing quality control measures, and troubleshooting test parameters. Prerequisites: Successful completion of the first four semesters of the MDL curriculum and program permission to enroll in this course. Co-requisite: MDL 281. Laboratory 40 hours per week for three weeks.
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MDL 290 Coordinated Practice in Hematology (2 cr.)

Provides supervised on-the-job training in a clinical hematology laboratory. Includes skill development and evaluation of techniques for automated cell counting, manual differential counting, assessing blood cells in health and disease, analyzing data and formulating reports, performing and analyzing quality control measures, and troubleshooting test parameters. Prerequisites: Successful completion of the first four semesters of the MDL curriculum and program permission to enroll in this course. Co-requisite: MDL 281. Laboratory 40 hours per week for three weeks.
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MDL 290 Coordinated Practice in Microbiology (2 cr.)

Provides supervised on-the-job training in a clinical microbiology laboratory. Includes skill development and evaluation of culture and sensitivity technique for various patient specimens, identification of numerous pathogens, analyzing data and formulating reports, performing and analyzing quality control measures, and troubleshooting test parameters. Prerequisites: Successful completion of the first four semesters of the MDL curriculum and program permission to enroll in this course. Co-requisite: MDL 281. Laboratory 40 hours per week for three weeks.
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MDL 290 Coordinated Practice in Urinalysis, Serology, and Coagulation (1 cr.)

Provides supervised on-the-job training in conjunction with another rotation, at the discretion of the clinical site. Includes skill development and evaluation of techniques performing urinalysis, conducting serological assays, conducting hemostasis studies, analyzing data and formulating reports, performing and analyzing quality control measures, and troubleshooting test parameters. Prerequisites: Successful completion of the first four semesters of the MDL curriculum and program permission to enroll in this course. Co-requisite: MDL 281. Laboratory 40 hours per week for one week.
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MECHANICAL ENGINEERING TECH [top]

MEC 175 Fundamental Shop Procedures and Internal Combustion Engine (4 cr.)

Introduces the student to the practical use and care of hand and power tools, shop equipment and pullers, precision measuring tools, service manuals and parts catalogs, and safety. Includes the introduction to the design of the internal combustion engine. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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MENTAL HEALTH [top]

MEN 101 Mental Health Skill Training I (3 cr.)

Develops skills necessary to function as a mental health worker, with emphasis on guided practice in counseling skills as well as improved self-awareness. Includes training in problem-solving, goal-setting, and implementation of appropriate strategies and evaluation techniques relating to interaction involving a variety of client needs. Part I of II. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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MEN 102 Mental Health Skill Training II (3 cr.)

Develops skills necessary to function as a mental health worker, with emphasis on guided practice in counseling skills as well as improved self-awareness. Includes training in problem-solving, goal-setting, and implementation of appropriate strategies and evaluation techniques relating to interaction involving a variety of client needs. Part II of II. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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MARKETING [top]

MKT 110 Principles of Selling (3 cr.)

Presents a fundamental, skills-based approach to the professional selling of products, services, and ideas, and to relationship building. Emphasizes learning effective interpersonal communication skills in all areas of the sales process through skill-building activities. Examines entry-level sales careers in retailing, wholesaling, services, and industrial selling. Focuses on building a positive self-image, following ethical behavior, understanding buyer needs, and appreciating the importance of a positive customer relationship strategy. Concludes in a professional sales presentation to buyers ranging from individual consumers to corporations. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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MKT 120 Fundamentals of Fashion (3 cr.)

Develops an understanding of the principles and procedures involved in the production, distribution, and consumption of fashion merchandise. Traces the history and development of fashion and how these changes affect the fashion merchandising world. Focuses on changing consumer characteristics which influence demand for fashion products and the effects that fashion marketing activities have on the economy. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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MKT 201 Introduction to Marketing (3 cr.)

Introduces students to the discipline of marketing and the need to create customer value and relationships in the marketplace. Presents an overview of the marketing principles and management strategies, along with the analytical tools used by organizations in the creation of a marketing plan. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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MKT 209 Sports, Entertainment, and Recreation Marketing (3 cr.)

Builds on the principles of marketing to introduce the more specific importance and specialization of Sports, Entertainment, and Recreation (SER) marketing. Emphasizes the SER industries as they relate to economics, business structure, product development, branding, pricing strategies, distribution strategies, integrated communications, ethics, and research. Prerequisite: MKT 201. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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MKT 210 Sales Management (3 cr.)

Presents an in-depth examination of managing a sales force. Introduces methods of training, compensating, motivating, and evaluating the sales force. Explores forecasting techniques and quotas. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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MKT 215 Sales and Marketing Management (3 cr.)

Emphasizes the relationship of professional sales skills and marketing management techniques to successful profit and non-profit organizations. Focuses on challenges connected with the sales and distribution of products and services, including pricing, promotion, and buyer motivation. Demonstrates uses of the Internet to enhance marketing. Studies legal and ethical considerations. Introduces sales management in planning, organizing, directing, and controlling for a well-coordinated sales effort. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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MKT 216 Retail Organization and Management (3 cr.)

Examines the organization of the retail establishment to accomplish its goals in an effective and efficient manner. Includes study of site location, internal layout, store operations, and security. Examines the retailing mix, the buying or procurement process, pricing, and selling. Studies retail advertising, promotion, and publicity as a coordinated effort to increase store traffic. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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MKT 220 Principles of Advertising (3 cr.)

Emphasizes the role of advertising in the marketing of goods, services, and ideas. Discusses the different uses of advertising; types of media; how advertising is created; agency functions; and legal, social, and economic aspects of the industry. Introduces advertising display, copy and art work preparation, printing, and selection of media. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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MKT 227 Merchandise Buying and Control (3 cr.)

Studies the merchandising cycle. Explores techniques used in the development of buying resources, merchandising plans, model stock, unit control, and inventory systems. Highlights merchandise selection, policy pricing strategies, and inventory control methods. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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MKT 228 Promotion (3 cr.)

Presents an overview of promotion activities, including advertising, visual merchandising, publicity, and sales promotion. Focuses on coordinating these activities into an effective campaign to promote sales for a particular product, business, institution, or industry. Emphasizes preparing budgets, selecting media, and analyzing the effectiveness of the campaign. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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MKT 229 Marketing Research (3 cr.)

Introduces the marketing research process to include methodology, data collection, sampling, and analysis. Focuses on planning basic research studies and applying the findings to marketing decisions. Prerequisite: MKT 201. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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MKT 238 Fashion Merchandising (3 cr.)

Compares the major considerations involved in the buying and merchandising of fashion products. Emphasizes the dynamics of fashion and consumer buying patterns and sources of buying information. Discusses fashion buying and inventory control in the merchandising cycle plus techniques used to develop fashion buying plans, model stocks, unit control, and inventory systems. Stresses selection policy and pricing for profit. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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MKT 260 Customer Service Management (3 cr.)

Examines the role of customer service in achieving a firm's long-term goals, discusses the basic principles of effective customer service, and explores the tasks and responsibilities of a customer service manager. Includes such topics as purpose of customer service; establishment of customer service goals and policies; recruitment, selection, and training of customer service employees; motivation techniques; empowering employees for better decision making; and evaluation of customer service employees and program. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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MKT 271 Consumer Behavior (3 cr.)

Examines the various influences affecting consumer buying behavior before, during, and after product purchases. Describes personal, societal, cultural, environmental, group, and economic determinants on consumer buying. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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MKT 275 International Marketing (3 cr.)

Examines the role of the multinational firm, as well as the environments in which they operate. Covers such factors as exchange rates, government foreign trade policy, and social-cultural factors. Compares international and domestic marketing strategies. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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MKT 281 Principles of Internet Marketing (3 cr.)

Introduces students to the Internet, Internet marketing, and the World Wide Web. Discusses how to implement marketing programs strategically and tactically using online communications tools. Teaches e-marketing strategies; the conduct of competitive, demographic, and psychographic research; the assessment and management of organizational communication; how news cycles on the Internet differ from traditional media; and how the Internet affects how we live, consume, and work. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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MKT 283 Social, Ethical, and Legal Issues in eCommerce (3 cr.)

Examines the social, ethical, and legal issues of electronic commerce. Teaches the factors that influence ethical and unethical marketing practices in eCommerce and the importance of ethical, legal, and socially responsible consumer behavior. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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MKT 285 Current Issues in Marketing (3 cr.)

Serves as a capstone course for marketing majors. Provides an integrated perspective of current issues and practices in marketing. Explores contemporary issues and practices in a highly participatory classroom environment. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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MKT 290 Coordinated Internship in Marketing (3 cr.)

Provides supervised on-the-job training in selected business, industrial, or service firms coordinated by the college. Provides students an opportunity to increase their knowledge of operating a retail business. Teaches the skills necessary for effective performance in supervisory and upper-level management positions in marketing occupations. Involves rotation among the various departments/functions within the retail training laboratory until the student is familiar with the operation. Combines a comprehensive introduction to store retailing with extensive on-the-job training assignments, which provide the opportunity to apply the understanding of merchandising and management procedures. Laboratory 15 hours per week.
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MKT 298 Seminar and Project in Marketing (3 cr.)

Familiarizes the student with many career opportunities in the field through classroom instruction and field exercises. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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MATH ESSENTIALS [top]

MTE 1 Operations with Positive Fractions (1 cr.)

Includes operations and problem solving with proper fractions, improper fractions, and mixed numbers without the use of a calculator. Emphasizes applications and includes U.S. customary units of measure. Credits not applicable toward graduation. Prerequisite: Placement recommendation or BSK 1. Lecture 4 hours per week for ¼ semester.
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MTE 2 Operations with Positive Decimals and Percents (1 cr.)

Includes operations and problem solving with positive decimals and percents. Emphasizes applications and includes U.S. customary and metric units of measure. Credits not applicable toward graduation. Prerequisite: Placement recommendation or MTE 1. Lecture 4 hours per week for ¼ semester.
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MTE 3 Algebra Basics (1 cr.)

Includes basic operations with algebraic expressions and solving simple algebraic equations using signed numbers with emphasis on applications. Credits not applicable toward graduation. Prerequisite: Placement recommendation or MTE 2. Lecture 4 hours per week for ¼ semester.
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MTE 4 First Degree Equations and Inequalities in One Variable (1 cr.)

Includes solving first degree equations and inequalities containing one variable and using them to solve application problems. Emphasizes applications and problem solving. Credits not applicable toward graduation. Prerequisite: Placement recommendation or MTE 3. Lecture 4 hours per week for ¼ semester.
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MTE 5 Linear Equations, Inequalities, and Systems of Linear Equations in Two Variables (1 cr.)

Includes finding the equation of a line, graphing linear equations and inequalities in two variables, and solving systems of two linear equations. Emphasizes writing and graphing equations using the slope of the line, points on the line, and applications. Credits not applicable toward graduation. Prerequisite: Placement recommendation or MTE 4. Lecture 4 hours per week for ¼ semester.
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MTE 6 Exponents, Factoring, and Polynomial Equations (1 cr.)

Includes techniques of factoring polynomials and using these techniques to solve polynomial equations. Emphasizes applications using polynomial equations solved by factoring. Credits not applicable toward graduation. Prerequisite: Placement recommendation or MTE 5. Lecture 4 hours per week for ¼ semester.
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MTE 7 Rational Expressions and Equations (1 cr.)

Includes simplifying rational algebraic expressions, solving rational algebraic equations, and solving applications that use rational algebraic equations. Credits not applicable toward graduation. Prerequisite: Placement recommendation or MTE 6. Lecture 4 hours per week for ¼ semester.
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MTE 8 Rational Exponents and Radicals (1 cr.)

Includes simplifying radical expressions, using rational exponents, solving radical equations, and solving applications using radical equations. Credits not applicable toward graduation. Prerequisite: Placement recommendation or MTE 7. Lecture 4 hours per week for ¼ semester.
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MTE 9 Functions, Quadratic Equations, and Parabolas (1 cr.)

Includes an introduction to functions in ordered pair, graph, and equation form. Also introduces quadratic functions, their properties, and their graphs. Credits not applicable toward graduation. Prerequisite: Placement recommendation or MTE 8. Lecture 4 hours per week for ¼ semester.
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MATHEMATICS [top]

MTH 50 Mathematics for Teacher Entrance Exams (2 cr.)

Provides participants with review and practice for the mathematics portion of the licensure examination required of all beginning teachers in Virginia. Test-taking strategies are emphasized throughout. Prerequisite: MTE 3 or equivalent. Lecture 2 hours per week.
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MTH 103 Applied Technical Mathematics I (3 cr.)

Presents a review of arithmetic and elements of algebra. (Geometry and trigonometry are covered in MTH 104). Directs applications to specialty areas. Prerequisites: Placement recommendation for MTH 103 and one unit of high school mathematics or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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MTH 115 Technical Mathematics I (3 cr.)

Presents algebra through exponential and logarithmic functions, trigonometry, vectors, analytic geometry, and complex numbers. Part I of II. Prerequisites: Placement recommendation for MTH 115 and completion of Algebra I, Geometry, and Algebra II, or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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MTH 116 Technical Mathematics II (3 cr.)

Presents algebra through exponential and logarithmic functions, trigonometry, vectors, analytic geometry, and complex numbers. Part II of II. Prerequisite: MTH 115. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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MTH 120 Introduction to Mathematics (3 cr.)

Introduces number systems, logic, basic algebra, and descriptive statistics. Prerequisites: Placement recommendation for MTH 120 and MTE or equivalent. (Intended for occupational/technical programs.) Lecture 3 hours per week.
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MTH 121 Fundamentals of Mathematics I (3 cr.)

Covers concepts of numbers, fundamental operations with numbers, formulas and equations, measurement and geometry, graphical analysis, binary numbers, Boolean and matrix algebra, linear programming, and elementary concepts of statistics. Emphasizes mathematical problem solving, use of technology, and the language of mathematics. Prerequisites: Placement recommendation for MTH 121 and one unit of high school mathematics or equivalent. (Intended for occupational/technical programs.) Lecture 3 hours per week.
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MTH 126 Mathematics for Allied Health (3 cr.)

Presents scientific notation, precision and accuracy, decimals and percents, ratio and proportion, variation, simple equations, techniques of graphing, use of charts and tables, logarithms, and the metric system. Prerequisites: Placement recommendation for MTH 126 and one unit of high school mathematics or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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MTH 146 Introduction to Elementary Statistics (3 cr.)

Introduces the methods of statistics, including sampling from normally distributed populations, estimation, regression, testing of hypotheses, and point and interval estimation methods. Prerequisites: Placement recommendation for MTH 146 and Algebra I or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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MTH 150 Topics in Geometry (3 cr.)

Presents the fundamentals of plane and solid geometry and introduces non-Euclidean geometries and current topics. Prerequisite: Level 4 on the Compass Placement Test and Algebra I, Algebra II, and Geometry, or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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MTH 151 Mathematics for the Liberal Arts I (3 cr.)

Presents topics in sets, logic, numeration systems, geometric systems, and elementary computer concepts. Prerequisites: Placement recommendation for MTH 151 and Algebra I, Algebra II, and Geometry, or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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MTH 152 Mathematics for the Liberal Arts II (3 cr.)

Presents topics in functions, combinatorics, probability, statistics, and algebraic systems. Prerequisites: Placement recommendation for MTH 152 and completion of Algebra I, Algebra II, and Geometry, or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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MTH 163 Precalculus I (3 cr.)

Prepares students for applied calculus or elementary discrete mathematics. Presents college algebra and matrices and algebraic, exponential, and logarithmic functions. Prerequisites: Placement recommendation for MTH 163 and completion of Algebra I, Algebra II, and Geometry, or equivalent. (Credit will not be awarded for more than one of the following: MTH 163 or MTH 166.) Lecture 3 hours per week.
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MTH 166 Precalculus with Trigonometry (5 cr.)

Presents college algebra, analytic geometry, and trigonometry, and algebraic, exponential, and logarithmic functions. Prerequisites: Placement recommendation for MTH 166 and Algebra I, Algebra II, and Geometry, or equivalent. (Credit will not be awarded for more than one of the following: MTH 163 or MTH 166.) Lecture 5 hours per week.
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MTH 170 Foundations in Contemporary Mathematics (3 cr.)

Covers topics in the mathematics of social choice, management sciences, statistics, and growth. Uses physical demonstrations and modeling techniques to teach the power and utility of mathematics. Prerequisites: Placement recommendation for MTH 170 and completion of Algebra I-II and Geometry, or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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MTH 173 Calculus with Analytic Geometry I (5 cr.)

Presents analytic geometry and the calculus of algebraic and transcendental functions, including the study of limits, derivatives, differentials, and introduction to integration along with their applications. Designed for mathematical, physical, and engineering science programs. Prerequisites: Placement recommendation for MTH 173 and four units of high school mathematics, including Algebra I, Algebra II, Geometry, and Trigonometry, or equivalent. (Credit will not be awarded for more than one of MTH 173, MTH 175, or MTH 273.) Lecture 5 hours per week.
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MTH 174 Calculus with Analytic Geometry II (5 cr.)

Continues the study of analytic geometry and the calculus of algebraic and transcendental functions, including rectangular, polar, and parametric graphing, indefinite and definite integrals, methods of integration, and power series along with applications. Designed for mathematical, physical, and engineering science programs. Prerequisite: MTH 173 or equivalent. Lecture 5 hours per week.
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MTH 240 Statistics (3 cr.)

Presents an overview of statistics, including descriptive statistics, elementary probability, probability distributions, estimation, hypothesis testing, and correlation and regression. Prerequisite: A placement recommendation for MTH 240 and MTH 163 or MTH 166 or equivalent. (Credit will not be awarded for both MTH 240 and MTH 241.) Lecture 3 hours per week.
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MTH 270 Applied Calculus (3 cr.)

Introduces limits, continuity, differentiation and integration of algebraic and transcendental functions, techniques of integration, and partial differentiation. Prerequisite: MTH 163 or MTH 166 or equivalent. (Credit will not be awarded for both MTH 270 and MTH 271.) Lecture 3 hours per week.
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MTH 277 Vector Calculus (4 cr.)

Presents vector -valued functions, partial derivatives, multiple integrals, and topics from the calculus of vectors. Designed for mathematical, physical, and engineering science programs. Prerequisite: MTH 174 or equivalent. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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MTH 279 Ordinary Differential Equations (4 cr.)

Introduces ordinary differential equations. Includes first order differential equations and second and higher order ordinary differential equations with application. Designed for mathematical, physical, and engineering science programs. Prerequisite: MTH 174 or equivalent. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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MTH 282 Mathematical Reasoning: Introduction to Higher Mathematics (3 cr.)

Introduces topics in upper-level mathematics courses, such as mathematical reasoning and proofs, set theory, abstract algebra, and abstract analysis. Covers logic and methods of proof; set theory and cardinality; deductive reasoning and axiomatic method; introduction to groups, rings, and fields; construction of real numbers and basic combinatorics. Prerequisites: MTH 164, MTH 166, or above or permission of instructor. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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MTH 285 Linear Algebra (3 cr.)

Covers matrices, vector spaces, determinants, solutions of systems of linear equations, basis and dimension, Eigen values, and Eigen vectors. Designed for mathematical, physical, and engineering science programs. Prerequisite: MTH 174 or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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MTH 287 Mathematical Structures (3 cr.)

Presents topics in mathematical structures of value to students majoring in computer science or other disciplines requiring programming skills. Covers logic, set theory, number theory, combinatorics, functions, relations, and graph theory. Prerequisite: MTH 166 or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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MUSIC [top]

MUS 111 Music Theory I (4 cr.)

Discusses elements of musical construction of scales, intervals, triads, and chord progressions. Develops ability to sing at sight and write from dictation. Introduces the analysis of the Bach chorale style. Expands facility with harmonic dictation and enables the student to use these techniques at the keyboard. Part I of II. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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MUS 112 Music Theory II (4 cr.)

Discusses elements of musical construction of scales, intervals, triads, and chord progressions. Develops ability to sing at sight and write from dictation. Introduces the analysis of the Bach chorale style. Expands facility with harmonic dictation and enables the student to use these techniques at the keyboard. Part II of II. Prerequisite: MUS 111. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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MUS 121 Music Appreciation I (3 cr.)

Increases the variety and depth of the student's interest, knowledge, and involvement in music and related cultural activities. Acquaints the student with traditional and twentieth-century music literature, emphasizing the relationship music has as an art form with man and society. Increases the student's awareness of the composers and performers of all eras through listening and concert experiences. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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MUS 221 History of Music I (3 cr.)

Presents the chronology of musical styles from antiquity to the present time. Relates the historical development of music to parallel movements in art, drama, and literature. Develops techniques for listening analytically and critically to music. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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MUS 225 The History of Jazz (3 cr.)

Studies the underlying elements of jazz, concentrating on its cultural and historical development from earliest stages to the present. No previous knowledge of music is required. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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NATURAL SCIENCE [top]

NAS 105 Natural Science Topics for Modern Society (2 cr.)

Emphasizes method of the scientific disciplines as applied to selected topics pertinent to modern society. Lecture 2 hours per week.
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NURSING [top]

NUR 27 Nurse Aide I (5 cr.)

Teaches care of older patients with emphasis on the social, emotional, and spiritual needs. Covers procedures, communication and interpersonal relations; observations, charting, and reporting; safety and infection control; anatomy and physiology; personal care, nutrition, and patient feedings; and death and dying. Prerequisites: BSK 1; candidates must pass mandatory criminal background check. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 6 hours. Total 9 hours per week.
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NUR 108 Nursing Principles and Concepts (5 cr.)

Introduces principles of nursing, health and wellness concepts, and the nursing process. Identifies nursing strategies to meet the multidimensional needs of individuals. Includes math computational skills, basic computer instruction related to the delivery of nursing care, introduction to the profession of nursing, nursing process, and documentation; and basic needs related to integumentary system, teaching/learning, stress, psychosocial, safety, nourishment, elimination, oxygenation, circulation, rest, comfort, sensory, fluid and electrolyte, and mobility needs in adult clients. Also includes care of the pre- and post-operative client. Provides supervised learning experience in college nursing laboratories and/or cooperating agencies. Prerequisites: NUR 111, BIO 141, SDV 100, MTH 126. Co-requisites: NUR 226, NUR 245. Prerequisites or co-requisites: BIO 142, PSY 230. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 6 hours. Total 9 hours per week.
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NUR 109 Nursing Principles and Concepts II (6 cr.)

Focuses on nursing care of individuals and/or families experiencing alterations in health. Includes math computational skills and basic computer instruction related to the delivery of nursing care and immunological, gastrointestinal, musculoskeletal, oncological, and diabetic disorders and pre- and post-operative care in adult and pediatric clients. The student is introduced to the nursing management of the chronically ill adult client with healthcare needs in the areas of oxygenation, perfusion, metabolism, mobility, immunity, and end-of-life care. Provides supervised learning experiences in college nursing laboratories and/or cooperating agencies. Prerequisites: NUR 111, NUR 108, NUR 245, NUR 226, MTH 126, BIO 141, BIO 142, SDV 100, PSY 230. Co-Requisite: NUR 247. Prerequisites or Co-requisites: ENG 111, ITE 115, SOC 200. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 9 hours. Total 12 hours per week.
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NUR 111 Nursing I (8 cr.)

Introduces nursing principles, including concepts of health and wellness and the nursing process. Develops nursing skills to meet the biopsychosocial needs of individuals across the lifespan. Includes math computational skills, basic computer instruction related to the delivery of nursing care, communication skills, introduction to nursing, health, the health care system, legal aspects of nursing care, diagnostic testing, assessment, teaching and learning, asepsis, body mechanics and safety, personal care, activity/rest, wound care, nutrition, elimination, oxygenation, fluid and electrolytes, pain control, medication administration, aging populations and pre- and post-operative care. Provides students an opportunity to practice self-evaluation as a part of role development and recognition of the need for lifelong learning. Provides supervised learning experiences. Prerequisites: acceptance into the Nursing AAS degree; Health Care Provider CPR certification; submission of completed health forms meeting stated standards; verification of completed criminal background check and drug screen. Prerequisites or Co-requisites: SDV 100, BIO 141, and MTH 126. Lecture 5 hours. Laborator
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NUR 115 LPN Transition (3 cr.)

Introduces the role of the registered nurse through concepts and skill development in the discipline of professional nursing. Serves as a bridge for licensed practical nurses and is based upon individualized articulation agreements, mobility exams, or other assessment criteria as they relate to local programs and service areas. Includes math computational skills and basic computer instruction related to the delivery of nursing care. Prerequisites: Current and unrestricted licensure as a licensed practical nurse (LPN) and completion of required admission criteria and necessary general education courses for the associate degree in nursing. Co-requisite: NUR 226. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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NUR 135 Drug Dosage Calculations (2 cr.)

Focuses on apothecary, metric, and household conversion in medication dosage calculation for adult and pediatric clients. Provides a practical approach to learning to calculate and prepare medications and solutions. Includes calculating intravenous flow rates. Prerequisite: Placement test recommendation for MTH 120 or satisfactory completion of MTE 3 or equivalent. Lecture 2 hours per week.
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NUR 208 Acute Medical-Surgical Nursing (6 cr.)

Focuses on the use of nursing process to provide care to individuals and families with acute medical or surgical problems or to prevent such problems. Includes math computational skills and basic computer instruction related to the delivery of nursing care. Provides supervised learning experiences in cooperating agencies. Prerequisites: NUR 111, SDV 100, BIO 141, BIO 142, MTH 126, PSY 230, NUR 108, NUR 137, NUR 226, NUR 245, ENG 111, SOC 200, NUR 247, NUR 109, ITE 115, and NUR 254. Co-requisites: NUR 246, NUR 298. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: Humanities/fine arts elective. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 9 hours. Total 12 hours per week.
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NUR 226 Health Assessment (3 cr.)

Teaches the systematic approach to obtaining a health history and performing a physical assessment. The course will provide the student with the knowledge and skills necessary to enact the assessment phase of the nursing process. The student will develop the skills necessary to formulate a client database as the foundation of the care planning process. The specific techniques demonstrated during the course will be client interview skills and physical examination techniques. Pre-requisites: NUR 111, BIO 141, SDV 100, MTH 126. Co-requisites: NUR 108 and NUR 245. Prerequisites or Co-requisites: BIO 142 and PSY 230. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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NUR 245 Maternal/Newborn Nursing (4 cr.)

Develops nursing skills in caring for families in the antepartum, intrapartum, and post-partum periods. Prerequisites: NUR 111, BIO 141, SDV 100, MTH 126. Co-requisites: NUR 226, NUR 108. Prerequisites or Co-requisites: BIO 142, PSY 230. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 6 hours. Total 8 hours per week.
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NUR 246 Parent/Child Nursing (4 cr.)

Develops nursing skills in caring for both well and ill children in a variety of settings. Emphasizes theories of growth and development and the family as a unit. Prerequisites: NUR 111, BIO 141, MTH 126, SDV 100, NUR 226, BIO 142, PSY 230, NUR 108, NUR 245, NUR 247, NUR 109, ENG 111, SOC 200, ITE 115, and NUR 254. Co-requisites: NUR 298, NUR 208. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: Humanities/Fine Arts elective. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 6 hours. Total 8 hours per week.
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NUR 247 Psychiatric/Mental Health Nursing (4 cr.)

Develops nursing skills in caring for individuals, families, and/or groups with mental health needs. Explores various treatment models, diagnostic categories, and rehabilitative measures. Prerequisites: NUR 111, BIO 141, SDV 100, MTH 126, NUR 108, NUR 245, NUR 226, BIO 142, and PSY 230. Co-requisite: NUR 109. Prerequisites or Co-requisites: ENG 111, SOC 200, ITE 115. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 6 hours. Total 8 hours per week.
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NUR 254 Dimensions of Professional Nursing (1 cr.)

Explores the roles of the professional nurse. Emphasizes nursing organizations, legal and ethical implications, and addresses trends in management and organizational skills. Explores group dynamics, relationships, conflicts, and leadership styles. Prerequisites: Successful completion of Semester I, II, and III of the Nursing program with grades of C or above in each course. Co-requisite: NUR 246. Prerequisite or co-requisite: Approved Humanities/Fine Arts Electives. Lecture 1 hour per week.
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NUR 254 Dimensions of Professional Nursing (2 cr.)

Explores the roles of the professional nurse. Emphasizes nursing organizations, legal and ethical implications, and addresses trends in management and organizational skills. Explores group dynamics, relationships, conflicts, and leadership styles. Prerequisites: Successful completion of Semesters I, II, and III of the Nursing program with grades of C or above in each course. Co-requisite: NUR 246. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: Approved Humanities/Fine Arts Elective. Lecture 2 hours per week.
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NUR 298 Seminar and Project in Nursing (1 cr.)

Requires completion of a project or research report related to the student's occupational objectives and a study of approaches to the selection and pursuit of career opportunities in the field. In addition, this course presents intensive correlation of major professional nursing subject areas reflecting the entry-level practitioner environment and the transition from student to professional nurse practitioner. Prerequisites: Successful completion of NUR 111/115, NUR 108, NUR 226, NUR 245, NUR 109, NUR 247, NUR 254, and either NUR 246 or NUR 208 with grades of C or above in each course. Lecture 1 hour per week.
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OPTICIANRY [top]

OPT 105 Anatomy, Physiology, and Pathology of the Eye (3 cr.)

Considers the fundamentals of various body systems and principles of human physiology; methods of drug delivery, including the advantages and disadvantages of drops, ointments, and sustained release systems; systemic use of medications; basic characteristics of common external and internal diseases of the eye; and ocular emergencies. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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OPT 121 Optical Theory I (3 cr.)

Introduces theory and application of ophthalmic lenses. Presents history, basic manufacturing and quality standards of ophthalmic lenses, propagation of light, refraction and dioptric measurements, true power, surface power, and nominal lens formula. Explains lens makers' equation, boxing system, spherical lens design, fundamental aspects of cylindrical lenses, spherocylinder lens design, and flat and toric transposition. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: MTH 126. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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OPT 122 Optical Theory II (3 cr.)

Explores the development of multifocal lenses, application of multifocal lenses, survey of current ophthalmic lens, the properties of spherocylinder lenses, and an in-depth analysis of the optics of ophthalmic prisms, which includes prism notation, vertical imbalance, and anisometropia. Prerequisite: OPT 121 or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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OPT 150 Optical Laboratory Theory I (3 cr.)

Introduces the student to the terminology, instruments, lens, frames, and materials used in the surfacing and finishing of optical prescription eyewear. Focuses on the lensometry and fabrication of single vision eyewear and presents personal and environmental safety issues. Co-requisite: OPT 152. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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OPT 151 Optical Laboratory Theory II (3 cr.)

Covers making eyeglasses with advanced prescriptions and frames. Includes verification and neutralization techniques for single vision, bifocal, multifocal, and progressive lens designs, frame repair, accomplishing prescribed prism by decentration, verification and neutralization, semi-rimless glasses, and multifocal glasses. Prerequisites: OPT 150 and OPT 152 or equivalent. Co-requisite: OPT 153. Laboratory 6 hours per week.
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OPT 152 Optical Laboratory Clinical I (3 cr.)

Provides the clinical component of OPT 150. Provides students the opportunity to learn clinical skills in fundamental optical laboratory tasks at the entry level under the direction and supervision of a preceptor. Emphasizes accuracy and attaining skills that meet acceptable professional standards. Co-requisite: OPT 150. Laboratory 6 hours per week.
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OPT 153 Optical Laboratory Clinical II (3 cr.)

Provides the clinical component of OPT 151. Presents students with an opportunity to learn clinical skills for optical laboratory tasks at the advanced level under the direction and supervision of a preceptor. Emphasizes accuracy and the attainment of skills that meet acceptable professional standards. Prerequisites: OPT 150 and OPT 152 or equivalent. Co-requisite: OPT 151. Laboratory 6 hours per week.
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OPT 154 Optical Business Management (3 cr.)

Covers basic management and leadership skills necessary for a successful eye care office. Teaches the analysis, creative thinking, judgment, planning strategy, and implementation skills necessary for today's optical business challenges. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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OPT 160 Optical Dispensing Theory I (3 cr.)

Introduces the student to the skills necessary for becoming a dispensing optician. Includes the history of the profession, patient/client measurements, frame and lens materials, frame and lens selection, prescription analysis, and adjustment techniques. Prerequisite: OPT 121 or equivalent. Co-requisite: OPT 165. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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OPT 165 Optical Dispensing Clinical I (2 cr.)

Provides the student with an opportunity to develop the skills necessary for becoming a dispensing optician. Covers patient/client measurements, frame and lens materials, frame and lens selection, prescription analysis, and adjustment techniques. Serves as the clinical component of OPT 160. Prerequisite: OPT 121 or equivalent. Co-requisite: OPT 160. Laboratory 4 hours per week.
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OPT 260 Optical Dispensing Theory II (3 cr.)

Focuses on the development and refinement of the skills necessary for students to become a licensed dispensing optician, including patient/client measurements, presbyopic options, frame and lens materials, absorptive lenses, frame and lens selection, safety and sports eyewear, prescription analysis to include considerations for spectacle magnification and tilt, low vision aids, and adjustment techniques. Prerequisites: OPT 160 and OPT 165 or equivalent. Co-requisite: OPT 271. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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OPT 271 Optical Dispensing Clinical II (3 cr.)

Focuses on the development and refinement of the skills necessary for students to become a licensed dispensing optician, including patient/client measurements, frame and lens materials, frame and lens selection, prescription analysis, and adjustment techniques. Serves as the clinical component of OPT 260. Prerequisites: OPT 160 and OPT 165 or equivalent. Co-requisite: OPT 260. Laboratory 12 hours per week.
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OPT 272 Optical Dispensing Clinical III (3 cr.)

Focuses on the development and refinement of the skills necessary for students to become a licensed dispensing optician, including patient/client measurements, frame and lens materials, frame and lens selection, prescription analysis, and adjustment techniques. Prerequisite: OPT 271. Laboratory 12 hours per week.
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OPT 273 Contact Lens Theory I (3 cr.)

Introduces basic concepts and techniques of contact lens fitting, contact lens design, contact lens materials, and contact lens nomenclature. Covers contact lens insertion and removal techniques and basic slit lamp and keratometry skills. Prerequisite: NAS 176 or OPT 105 or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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OPT 274 Contact Lens Theory II (3 cr.)

Explores soft spherical and gas permeable contact lens fitting philosophies, tolerances, and designs. Develops the student's patient evaluation skills, patient training skills, and skills for evaluating the fit and verification of contact lenses. Prerequisite: OPT 273 or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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OPT 280 Contact Lens Clinical (3 cr.)

Promotes the development of clinical skills in fundamental contact lens tasks at the entry level under the direction and supervision of a preceptor. Emphasizes professional standards. Prerequisite: OPT 274 or equivalent. Laboratory 6 hours per week.
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PHYSICAL EDUCATION & RECREATION [top]

PED 100 Pilates (2 cr.)

Provides a method of mind-body exercise and physical movement designed to stretch, strengthen, balance the body, and improve posture and core stabilization while increasing body awareness. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 3 hours per week.
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PED 103 Aerobic Fitness I (2 cr.)

Develops cardiovascular fitness through activities designed to elevate and sustain heart rates appropriate to age and physical condition. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 3 hours per week.
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PED 103 Aerobic Fitness I (1 cr.)

Develops cardiovascular fitness through activities designed to elevate and sustain heart rates appropriate to age and physical condition. Part I of II. Laboratory 2 hours per week.
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PED 104 Aerobic Fitness II (1 cr.)

Develops cardiovascular fitness through activities designed to elevate and sustain heart rates appropriate to age and physical condition. Part II of II. Laboratory 2 hours per week.
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PED 109 Yoga (2 cr.)

Focuses on the forms of yoga training emphasizing flexibility. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 3 hours per week.
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PED 110 Zumba (1 cr.)

Focuses on Latin rhythms, dance moves, and techniques in Zumba. Utilizes physical activity, cardiovascular endurance, balance, coordination, and flexibility as related to dance. Emphasizes development of safe, sequential, movement skill acquisition designed to increase cardiorespiratory fitness and flexibility through the practice of endurance-based activities. Laboratory 2 hours per week.
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PED 111 Weight Training I (2 cr.)

Focuses on muscular strength and endurance training through individualized workout programs. Teaches appropriate use of weight training equipment. Part I of II. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 3 hour per week.
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PED 112 Weight Training II (2 cr.)

Focuses on muscular strength and endurance training through individualized workout programs. Teaches appropriate use of weight training equipment. Part II of II. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 3 hour per week.
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PED 116 Lifetime Fitness and Wellness (2 cr.)

Provides a study of fitness and wellness and their relationship to a healthy lifestyle. Defines fitness and wellness, evaluates the student¿s level of fitness and wellness, and motivates the student to incorporate physical fitness and wellness into daily living. Requires completion of a personal fitness/wellness plan. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 3 hours per week.
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PED 117 Fitness Walking (1 cr.)

Teaches content and skills needed to design, implement, and evaluate an individualized program of walking, based upon fitness level. Studies the principles of walking to develop physical and cardiovascular endurance, and to maintain ideal weight. Includes fitness testing, wellness concepts, nutritional evaluation/application, prevention/care of injuries, and application of walking principles for fitness and competition. Laboratory 2 hours per week.
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PED 123 Tennis I (2 cr.)

Teaches tennis skills with emphasis on stroke development and strategies for individual and team play. Includes rules, scoring, terminology, and etiquette. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 3 hours per week.
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PED 133 Golf I (1 cr.)

Teaches basic skills of golf, rules, etiquette, scoring, terminology, equipment selection and use, and strategy. Part I of II. Laboratory 2 hours per week.
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PED 134 Golf II (1 cr.)

Teaches basic skills of golf, rules, etiquette, scoring, terminology, equipment selection and use, and strategy. Prerequisite: PED 133. Part II of II. Laboratory 2 hours per week.
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PED 135 Bowling I (1 cr.)

Teaches basic bowling skills and techniques, scoring, rules, etiquette, and terminology. Laboratory 2 hours per week.
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PED 137 Martial Arts I (1 cr.)

Emphasizes forms, styles, and techniques of body control, physical and mental discipline, and physical fitness. Presents a brief history of development of martial arts theory and practice. Part I of II. Laboratory 2 hours per week.
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PED 138 Martial Arts II (1 cr.)

Emphasizes forms, styles, and techniques of body control, physical and mental discipline, and physical fitness. Presents a brief history of development of martial arts theory and practice. Part II of II. Laboratory 2 hours per week.
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PED 140 Water Aerobics-1 Credit (1 cr.)

Focuses on cardiovascular endurance, muscular endurance, and flexibility using water resistance. Includes the principles and techniques of aerobic exercise. Lecture 0 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 2 hours per week.
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PED 140 Water Aerobics-2 Credit (2 cr.)

Focuses on cardiovascular endurance, muscular endurance, and flexibility using water resistance. Includes the principles and techniques of aerobic exercise. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 3 hours per week.
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PED 141 Swimming I (1 cr.)

Introduces skills and methods of swimming strokes. Focuses on safety and physical conditioning. Laboratory 2 hours per week.
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PED 144 Skin and Scuba Diving (2 cr.)

Emphasizes skills and methods of skin and scuba diving. Includes training with underwater breathing apparatus and focuses on safety procedures and selection and use of equipment. Prerequisite: Strong swimming skills. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 3 hours per week.
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PED 150 Soccer I (2 cr.)

Emphasizes soccer skills and techniques, strategies, rules, equipment, flexibility, and physical conditioning. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 3 hours per week.
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PED 152 Basketball (2 cr.)

Introduces basketball skills, techniques, rules, strategies, equipment selection, flexibility, and physical conditioning. Provides significant opportunity for on-court demonstration, drills, and practice time. Includes scrimmaging, but focuses primarily on learning and improving basketball skills and knowledge. Includes classroom time to address topics, such as rules, strategy, video demonstration of skills, and basketball history (video of great players and epic games). Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 3 hours per week.
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PED 160 Modern Dance (2 cr.)

Teaches the basic techniques of creative dance. Skills include self-expression, contemporary routines, dance forms, and basic choreography. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 3 hours per week.
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PED 170 Tai Chi I (2 cr.)

Develops an understanding of the theories and practices of Tai Chi. Explores the energy of exercise that will tone muscles, improve circulation, and increase flexibility and balance. Discusses history and philosophy of exercise and relaxation techniques for stress reduction. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 3 hours per week.
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PED 189 Saltwater Fishing (1 cr.)

Teaches saltwater fishing techniques, including casting and trolling, rig making, live bait catching, and use of artificial and live bait. Presents selection and care of equipment, fish habits, conservation, and safety. Lecture 1 hour per week.
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PED 195 Topics in Physical Education: Geocaching I (1 cr.)

Covers the fundamentals of geocaching, including history, navigation, strategies, etiquette, and good sportsmanship. Provides students an opportunity to learn about geocaching while using a global positioning system (GPS) to experience an outdoor activity that promotes critical thinking and physical activity. Part I of II. Laboratory 2 hours per week.
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PED 195 Topics in Physical Education: Pickleball I (1 cr.)

Teaches pickleball skills and strategies for team and individual play. Includes terminology, scoring, etiquette, equipment selection, and safety. Part I of II. Laboratory 2 hours per week.
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PED 195 Topics in Physical Education: Fitness Walking (1 cr.)

Studies the principles of walking to develop physical and cardiovascular endurance, and to maintain ideal weight. Includes fitness testing, wellness concepts, nutritional evaluation/application, prevention/care of injuries, and application of walking principles for fitness and competition. Laboratory 2 hours per week.
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PED 195 Topics in Physical Education: Fly Fishing (1 cr.)

Teaches fly fishing techniques on the beginning/intermediate level. Includes casting, equipment selection and care, fly presentation, fish habits, and conservation. Lecture 1 hour per week.
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PED 195 Topics in Physical Education: Hip Hop Hustle I (1 cr.)

Teaches the fundamental aspects of hip hop dance while promoting lifelong enjoyment of physical activity. Develops cardiovascular fitness though activities designed to elevate and sustain heart rates appropriate to age and physical condition. Part I of II. Laboratory 2 hours per week.
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PED 270 Tai Chi II (2 cr.)

Develops an understanding of the theories and practices of Tai Chi. Explores the energy of exercise that will tone muscles, improve circulation, and increase flexibility and balance. Discusses history and philosophy of exercise and relaxation techniques for stress reduction. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 3 hours per week.
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PED 295 Topics in Physical Education: Hip Hop Hustle II (1 cr.)

Teaches the more advanced techniques of hip hop dance while promoting lifelong enjoyment of physical activity. Develops cardiovascular fitness though activities designed to elevate and sustain heart rates appropriate to age and physical condition. Part II of II. Prerequisites: PED 195 Topics in Physical Education: Hip Hop Hustle I. Laboratory 2 hours per week.
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PED 295 Topics in Physical Education: Yoga II (2 cr.)

Focuses on the forms of yoga training emphasizing flexibility, breathing, and meditation. Prerequisite: PED 109. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 3 hours per week.
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PED 295 Topics in Physical Education: Instructional Principles of Online Physical Education (3 cr.)

Prepares instructors in the pedagogy, instructional design, and technology of teaching physical education online courses. Focuses on the strategies of collaborating and teaching online, including planning, management, and evaluation of a physical education online program in a secondary school environment. Lecture 3 hours per week. This course is for students who are pursuing or hold current licensure as a K-12 teacher. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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PHILOSOPHY [top]

PHI 101 Introduction to Philosophy I (3 cr.)

Introduces a broad spectrum of philosophical problems and perspectives with an emphasis on the systematic questioning of basic assumptions about meaning, knowledge, reality, and values. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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PHI 111 Logic I (3 cr.)

Introduces inductive and deductive reasoning, with an emphasis on common errors and fallacies. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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PHI 220 Ethics (3 cr.)

Provides a systematic study of representative ethical systems. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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PHI 225 Selected Problems in Applied Ethics (3 cr.)

Analyzes and discusses significant contemporary ethical issues and problems existing throughout the various professions, such as business, medicine, law, education, journalism, and public affairs. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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PHI 226 Social Ethics (3 cr.)

Provides a critical examination of moral problems and studies the application of ethical concepts and principles to decision-making. Topics may include abortion, capital punishment, euthanasia, man and the state, sexuality, war and peace, and selected issues of personal concern. Prerequisite: Placement recommendation for ENG 111 or placement recommendation for co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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PHI 260 Studies in Eastern Thinking (3 cr.)

Introduces an in-depth study of the East through a variety of approaches, which include music, literature, drama, and cinema. Places special emphasis on Chinese and Japanese philosophy and religion, especially Buddhism. Prerequisite: Placement into English 111 with no developmental co-requisites. Lecture 3 hours.
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PHOTOGRAPHY [top]

PHT 164 Introduction to Digital Photography (3 cr.)

Teaches the fundamentals of photography, including camera function and image production as they apply to digital imagery. Shooting assignments develop technical and visual skills with the camera, including composition and the use of light. Basic skills required for making black & white and color inkjet prints are taught in a digital lab using Adobe Photoshop. Prerequisites: Students taking this course should be comfortable working at a computer, be familiar with negotiating program menus, and know how files are saved and stored. A camera with manually adjustable aperture and shutter is required. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 4 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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PHT 264 Digital Photography II (3 cr.)

Teaches theory and practice of digital photography, including the Adobe Photoshop techniques needed for top quality inkjet prints. Emphasizes use of digital cameras in studio and on location. Teaches advanced techniques of image editing, including photo restoration and multi-image compositing. Students work with existing images, including family snapshots and antique photographs, as well as photographs shot specifically for the course. In addition to prescribed assignments a personal project allows for exploration of creative ideas and topics of the student's choice. Provides training in digital image transmission from remote locations. Prerequisites: Students taking this course should feel comfortable working at a computer, be familiar with negotiating program menus, and know how files are saved and stored. A camera with manually adjustable aperture and shutter is required. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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PHYSICS [top]

PHY 201 General College Physics I (4 cr.)

Teaches fundamental principles of physics on an algebra/geometry/trig math level. Covers mechanics, fluids, and thermodynamics. Students should consult the requirements of their individual program and transfer school to determine the correct course and the transferability of course to senior institution. Part I of II. Prerequisite: MTH 166 or approval of the instructor. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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PHY 202 General College Physics II (4 cr.)

Teaches fundamental principles of physics on an algebra/geometry/trig math level. Covers wave phenomena, optics, electricity and magnetism, an introduction to relativity, nuclear physics, and selected topics in modern physics. Students should consult the requirements of their individual program and transfer school to determine the correct course and the transferability of course to senior institution. Part II of II. Prerequisite: PHY 201. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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PHY 241 University Physics I (4 cr.)

Teaches principles of classical and modern physics on calculus math level. Covers mechanics and heat. Students should consult the requirements of their individual program and transfer school to determine the correct course and the transferability of course to senior institution. Part I of II. Prerequisite or co-requisite: MTH 174. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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PHY 242 University Physics II (4 cr.)

Teaches principles of classical and modern physics on calculus math level. Covers wave phenomena, optics, electricity and magnetism, an introduction to relativity, and nuclear physics. Students should consult the requirements of their individual program and transfer school to determine the correct course and the transferability of course to senior institution. Part II of II. Prerequisites: PHY 241 and MTH 174 or school approval. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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POLITICAL SCIENCE [top]

PLS 135 American National Politics (3 cr.)

Teaches political institutions and processes of the national government of the United States. Focuses on the Congress, presidency, courts, and on their interrelationships. Gives attention to public opinion, suffrage, elections, political parties, interest groups, civil rights, domestic policy, and foreign relations. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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PLS 211 United States Government I (3 cr.)

Teaches structure, operation, and process of national, state, and local governments. Includes in-depth study of the three branches of the government and of public policy. PLS 211 and PLS 212 need not be taken in sequence. Part I of II. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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PLS 212 United States Government II (3 cr.)

Teaches structure, operation, and process of national, state, and local governments. Includes in-depth study of the three branches of the government and of public policy. Political Science 211 and 212 need not be taken in sequence. Part II of II. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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PRACTICAL NURSING [top]

PNE 116 Normal Nutrition (1 cr.)

Introduces the basic principles of good nutrition. Studies nutrients, their sources and functions, and basic requirements for individuals. Includes a brief introduction to diet therapy. Prerequisites: BIO 141, SDV 100, and admission to the Practical Nursing program. Co-requisite: PNE 161. Prerequisites or co-requisites: ENG 111 and BIO 142. Lecture 1 hour per week.
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PNE 141 Nursing Skills I (3 cr.)

Studies principles and procedures essential to the basic nursing care of patients. Includes all content as outlined by the Board of Nursing as necessary for a nurse aide program. Includes both campus and clinical lab hours in a geriatric setting. Prerequisites: ENG 111 and NAS 150 or NAS 161 and NAS 162. Co-requisite: SDV 100. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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PNE 142 Nursing Skills II (3 cr.)

Studies principles and procedures essential to the basic nursing care of patients. Continues fundamental nursing knowledge and skills begun in PNE 141. Prerequisites: PNE 141 and PNE 143. Co-requisite: PNE 173. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 6 hours. Total 7 hours per week.
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PNE 143 Applied Nursing Skills (1 cr.)

PNE 143
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PNE 145 Trends in Practical Nursing (1 cr.)

Studies the role of the Licensed Practical Nurse. Covers legal aspects, organizations, and opportunities in practical nursing. Assists students in preparation for employment. Prerequisites: PNE 141, PNE 142, and PNE 173. Lecture 1 hour per week.
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PNE 161 Nursing in Health Changes I (7 cr.)

Focuses on nursing situations and procedures necessary to assist individuals in meeting special needs related to human functions. Prerequisites: BIO 141 and SDV 100 with a grade of C or above in each course and acceptance into the Practical Nursing Certificate. Prerequisites or Co-requisites: ENG 111 and BIO 142. Co-requisite: PNE 173. Lecture 4 hours. Laboratory 9 hours. Total 13 hours per week.
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PNE 162 Nursing in Health Changes II (11 cr.)

Continues the focus on nursing situations and procedures necessary to assist individuals in meeting special needs related to human functions. Prerequisites: SDV 100, BIO 141, BIO 142, ENG 111, PNE 161, and PNE 173 with a grade of C or above. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: PSY 230. Co-requisite: PNE 116. Lecture 6 hours. Laboratory 15 hours. Total 21 hours per week.
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PNE 163 Nursing in Health Changes III (8 cr.)

Continues the focus on nursing situations and procedures necessary to assist individuals in meeting special needs related to human functions. Prerequisites: Completion of BIO 141, BIO 142, SDV 100, ENG 111, PNE 173, PNE 161, PNE 162, PNE 116, and PSY 230 with a grade of C or above. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: ITE 115. Co-requisite: PNE 296. Lecture 5 hours. Laboratory 9 hours. Total 14 hours per week.
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PNE 173 Pharmacology for Practical Nurses (2 cr.)

Studies history, classification, sources, effects, uses, and legalities of drugs. Teaches problem-solving skills used in medication administrations. Emphasizes major drug classes and specific agents within each class. Prerequisites: Successful completion of Level 1 courses (PNE 161, PNE 116, BIO 142, ENG 111) with a grade of C or above in each identified course. Co-requisite: PNE 162. Lecture 2 hours per week.
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PNE 296 Practical Nursing On-Site Training: Capstone Course (2 cr.)

Enables students to participate in a career orientation and training program without pay in selected businesses that is supervised and coordinated by the college. Provides students an opportunity to summarize and apply what has been learned as a result of successful enrollment in the Practical Nursing program. Prerequisites: Successful completion of BIO 141, SDV 100, BIO 142, ENG 111, PNE 173, PNE 161, PNE 162, PNE 116, and PSY 230. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: ITE 115. Co-requisite: PNE 163. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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POLYSOMNOGRAPHIC TECH [top]

PSG 101 Polysomnography I (3 cr.)

Surveys the dynamics of normal and abnormal human sleep and the practice of sleep diagnosis and treatment. Studies methods of acquisition, diagnosis, and treatment of sleep disorders. Includes practice in the use of polysomnographic equipment. Familiarizes students with medical terminology, instrumentation setup and calibration, recording and monitoring techniques, documentation, professional issues, and patient-technologist interactions related to polysomnographic technology. Co-requisite: PSG 190. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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PSG 103 Polysomnography Record Evaluation (3 cr.)

Presents the general principles of analyzing and scoring polysomnographic records. Studies sleep staging, recognition and analysis of various abnormal respiratory and neurophysiologic events, and recognition and elimination of artifact. Includes scoring and analyzing raw data for the purpose of generating full reports. Prerequisites: PSG 101, PSG 110, and PSG 190. Co-requisite: PSG 164. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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PSG 110 Introduction to the Science of Sleep Medicine (1 cr.)

Introduces the student to the basic human need to sleep. Familiarizes students with the history of sleep, common sleep disorders, and the field of sleep medicine and its relevance to other health professions. Lecture 1 hours per week.
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PSG 164 Polysomnography Clinical Procedures I (4 cr.)

Offers a practicum in a functioning sleep disorders center. Provides practice in patient set-up, machine calibrations, equipment usage, Nocturnal Polysomnographs, BiPAP and CPAP Titration Trials, and patient education under the supervision of Polysomnographic Technicians. Co-requisite: PSG 103. Prerequisites: PSG 101, PSG 110, and PSG 190. Laboratory 20 hours per week.
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PSG 190 Coordinated Internship (2 cr.)

Offers a practicum in a functioning sleep disorders center and provides an opportunity for the student to practice patient set-up, machine calibrations, equipment usage, and nocturnal polysomnographs. Co-requisite: PSG 101. Laboratory 10 hours per week.
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PSG 205 Anatomy, Physiology, and Advanced Principles of Sleep (4 cr.)

Provides a concentrated study of anatomy, physiology, and pathology essential to the practice of polysomnography. Presents the physiology of the nervous, cardiovascular, and pulmonary systems in addition to basic pharmacological principles. Explores the pathophysiological differences between adult and pediatric sleep disorders. Prerequisites: PSG 101, PSG 190, and PSG 110. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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PSG 207 Current Issues and Trends in Polysomnography (2 cr.)

Provides an opportunity for students to explore topical areas that reflect the current issues and trends in polysomnography. Prerequisites: PSG 101, PSG 190, PSG 103, and PSG 164. Co-requisites: PSG 298 - Seminar and Project: Sleep Technology Theory and Practice Integration, PSG 220, and PSG 296 - On Site Training: Polysomnography Clinical Procedures II. Lecture 2 hours per week.
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PSG 220 Pediatric Polysomnography (2 cr.)

Introduces pediatric sleep technology, including indications for pediatric polysomnogram, scoring the polysomnogram, and event recognition. Includes a review of electrode placement, the extended EEG montage for optimal pediatric polysomnography, childhood parasomnias, consequences of disturbed sleep, CPAP titration, and infant sleep studies. Prerequisites: PSG 101, PSG 190, PSG 110, PSG 103, PSG 164, and PSG 205. Co-requisites: PSG 298 - Sleep Technology Theory and Practice Integration, PSG 207, and PSG 296. Lecture 2 hours per week.
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PSG 296 On Site Training: Polysomnography Clinical Procedures II (4 cr.)

Offers a practicum in qualified Sleep Disorders Center and DME (durable medical equipment) companies. Provides practice in out-of-center (home) testing, pediatric polysomnograms (PSGs), daytime clinics, therapy compliance, advanced titration trials, and patient education under the supervision of polysomnographic technicians. Prerequisites: PSG 101, PSG 190, PSG 110, PSG 103, PSG 164, and PSG 205. Co-requisites: PSG 295 - Topics in Polysomnography: Sleep Technology Theory and Practice Integration, PSG 295 - Topics in Polysomnography: Current Issues and Trends in Polysomnography, and PSG 295 - Topics in Polysomnography: Pediatric Polysomnography. Laboratory 16 hours per week.
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PSG 298 Seminar and Project: Sleep Technology Theory and Practice Integration (1 cr.)

Provides students the opportunity to review and integrate the learning outcomes of the sleep technology curriculum. Prerequisites: PSG 101, PSG 190, and PSG 110. Prerequisites or Co-requisites: PSG 103, PSG 164, and PSG 205, PSG 295 - Topics in Polysomnography: Current Issues and Trends in Polysomnography, and PSG 296. Lecture 1 hour per week.
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PSYCHOLOGY [top]

PSY 200 Principles of Psychology (3 cr.)

Surveys the basic concepts of psychology. Covers the scientific study of behavior and mental processes, research methods and measurement, theoretical perspectives, and application. Includes biological bases of behavior, learning, social interactions, memory, and personality; and other topics, such as sensation, perception, consciousness, thinking, intelligence, language, motivation, emotion, health, development, psychological disorders, and therapy. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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PSY 205 Personal Conflict and Crisis Management (3 cr.)

Studies the effective recognition and handling of personal and interpersonal conflicts. Discusses cooperative roles of public and private agencies, management of family disturbances, child abuse, rape, suicide, and related cases. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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PSY 215 Abnormal Psychology (3 cr.)

Explores historical views and current perspectives of abnormal behavior. Emphasizes major diagnostic categories and criteria, individual and social factors of maladaptive behavior, and types of therapy. Includes methods of clinical assessment and research strategies. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in Co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Prerequisite: PSY 201, PSY 202, PSY 200, or PSY 230. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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PSY 230 Developmental Psychology (3 cr.)

Studies the development of the individual from conception to death. Follows a life-span perspective on the developmental tasks of the person's physical, cognitive, and psycho-social growth. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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PSY 235 Child Psychology (3 cr.)

Studies development of the child from conception to adolescence. Investigates physical, intellectual, social, and emotional factors involved in the child's growth. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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PSY 270 Psychology of Human Sexuality (3 cr.)

Focuses on scientific investigation of human sexuality and psychological and social implications of such research. Considers socio-cultural influences, the physiology and psychology of sexual response patterns, sexual dysfunctions, and development of relationships. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Prerequisite: PSY 200, PSY 201, or PSY 202. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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REAL ESTATE [top]

REA 100 Principles of Real Estate (4 cr.)

Examines practical applications of real estate principles. Includes a study of titles, estates, land descriptions, contracts, legal instruments and concepts, real estate mathematics, financing, agency, appraisal, fair housing, and management of real estate. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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REA 110 Real Estate Sales (3 cr.)

Focuses on the fundamentals of sales and principles as they apply to real estate. Includes prospect, motives, needs, and abilities to buy real estate. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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REA 215 Real Estate Brokerage (3 cr.)

Considers administrative principles and practices of real estate brokerage, financial control, and marketing of real property. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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REA 216 Real Estate Appraisal (4 cr.)

Explores fundamentals of real estate valuation. Introduces the Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice and the Uniform Residential Appraisal Report formulations, working problems, and reviewing actual appraisals. Includes the opportunities available in the appraisal field. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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REA 217 Real Estate Finance (3 cr.)

Presents principles and practices of financing real estate. Analyzes various types of note contracts and mortgage and deed of trust instruments. Covers underwriting of conventional and government insured and guaranteed loans. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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REA 225 Real Property Management (3 cr.)

Introduces the field of property management. Focuses on the principles of tenant selection and retention, financial management, and building maintenance. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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REA 245 Real Estate Law (3 cr.)

Focuses on real estate law, including rights pertaining to property ownership and management, agency, contracts, transfers of real property ownership, fair housing, and tax implications. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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REA 247 Real Estate Investments (3 cr.)

Focuses on estate investments with emphasis on property selection and analysis, ownership interests, financing, and tax aspects. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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REA 256 Land Planning and Use (3 cr.)

Presents land value and usage, planning, zoning regulations, building and site requirements, sanitation and utilities, highest and best use concept, population analysis, influence of market forces, and public policies. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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RELIGION [top]

REL 231 Religions of the World I (3 cr.)

Introduces students to the religions of the world with attention to origin, history, and doctrine. Focuses on the development of systems of faith in various human cultures, with a concentration on Eastern religions. Introduces the academic study of religion, issues of faith, and specific world religions. Examines the historical evolution, the fundamental doctrines and beliefs, and the practices, institutions, and cultural expressions of these religious traditions. Also deals with some of the essential differences and similarities that exist among each religious tradition, and points to the uniqueness of each of them. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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REL 232 Religions of the World II (3 cr.)

Introduces students to the religions of the world with attention to origin, history, and doctrine. Focuses on the development of systems of faith in various human cultures, with a concentration on the rise of the monotheistic faiths and the distinction between primal or "oral' religions and "historical' religions. Introduces the academic study of religion, issues of faith, and specific world religions. Examines the historical evolution, the fundamental doctrines and beliefs, and the practices, institutions, and cultural expressions of these religious traditions. Also deals with some of the essential differences and similarities that exist among each religious tradition and points to the uniqueness of each of them. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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REL 233 Introduction to Islam (3 cr.)

Studies Islam in its historical, religious, and political dimensions and assists in the understanding of its contemporary vitality and attraction as a faith, a culture, and a way of life. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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REL 240 Religions in America (3 cr.)

Surveys various manifestations of religion in the American experience. Emphasizes concepts, problems, and issues of religious pluralism and character of American religious life. Examines the role of religion in America with particular emphasis on religion in contemporary America. Includes the history, beliefs, and practices of the world's major religions in America, as well as an examination of new religious developments. Examines the relationship between American religion and American identity, the rise of civil and cultural religion, and the role of religion in public policy and American culture. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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REL 255 Selected Problems and Issues in Religion: Christianity in Film (3 cr.)

Examines selected problems and issues of current interest in religion. Investigates how the Western film industry has depicted Christianity, the Bible, and the critical themes of Christian thought. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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REL 255 Selected Problems and Issues in Religion: Women and the Bible (3 cr.)

Introduces students to the portrayal of women in the Bible. Examines, through selected Biblical texts, the role and depiction of women within this text. Studies the impact of scriptural writing on the role of women in the Western world through the lens of feminist scholars. Students are asked to think critically about the texts and the issues raised by feminist perspectives and to analyze the impact of the Bible on women today and society as a whole. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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RESPIRATORY THERAPY [top]

RTH 102 Integrated Sciences for Respiratory Care (3 cr.)

Integrates the concepts of mathematics, chemistry, physics, microbiology, and computer technology as these sciences apply to the practices of respiratory care. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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RTH 110 Fundamental Theory and Procedures for Respiratory Care (4 cr.)

Focuses on the development of basic respiratory care skills necessary to enter the hospital environment. Prerequisite: Completion of the Pre-Respiratory Therapy Career Studies Certificate and acceptance into pre-clinical courses. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 6 hours. Total 8 hours per week.
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RTH 112 Pathology of the Cardiopulmonary System (3 cr.)

Presents pathophysiology of medical and surgical diseases with emphasis upon diseases of the cardiopulmonary system. Prerequisites: Successful completion of all curriculum courses offered during the first semester of the AAS degree in Respiratory Therapy. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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RTH 121 Cardiopulmonary Science I (3 cr.)

Focuses on pathophysiology, assessment, treatment, and evaluation of patients with cardiopulmonary disease. Explores cardiopulmonary and neuromuscular physiology and pathophysiology. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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RTH 131 Respiratory Care Theory and Procedures I (4 cr.)

Presents theory of equipment and procedures and related concepts used for patients requiring general acute and critical cardiopulmonary care. Prerequisites: Successful completion of all curriculum courses offered during the first semester of the AAS degree in Respiratory Therapy. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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RTH 132 Respiratory Care Theory and Procedures II (4 cr.)

Presents theory of equipment and procedures and related concepts used for patients requiring general acute and critical cardiopulmonary care. Prerequisites: Successful completion of all curriculum courses offered during the first two semesters of the AAS degree in Respiratory Therapy. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.
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RTH 135 Diagnostic and Therapeutic Procedures I (2 cr.)

Focuses on the purpose, implementation, and evaluation of equipment, and procedures used in the diagnosis and therapeutic management of patients with cardiopulmonary disease. Explores baseline personal health as it relates to the development and recognition of respiratory diseases or disorders. Prerequisite: Completion of the Pre-Respiratory Therapy Career Studies Certificate and acceptance into pre-clinical courses. Lecture 1 hour per week. Laboratory 3 hours per week. Total 4 hours per week.
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RTH 145 Pharmacology for Respiratory Care I (1 cr.)

Presents selection criteria for the use of, and detailed information on, pharmacologic agents used in pulmonary care. Prerequisite: Acceptance into pre-clinical courses. Lecture 1 hour per week.
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RTH 190 Coordinated Practice in Respiratory Therapy: NCC I (2 cr.)

Provides supervised on-the-job training to enable students to work directly with patients to practice and refine skills learned in the previous semester's classroom and laboratory classes. Prerequisites: Successful completion of all curriculum courses offered during the first semester of the AAS degree in Respiratory Therapy. Laboratory 10 hours per week.
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RTH 190 Coordinated Practice in Respiratory Therapy: NCC II (2 cr.)

Provides supervised on-the-job training to enable students to work directly with patients to practice and refine skills learned in the previous semester's classroom and laboratory classes. Prerequisites: Successful completion of all curriculum courses offered during the first semester of the AAS degree in Respiratory Therapy. Laboratory 10 hours per week.
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RTH 190 Coordinated Practice in Respiratory Therapy: NCC Internship (2 cr.)

Provides first-year students an opportunity to practice all non-critical care skills in an acute care setting. The student is paired with an experienced "RRT" and completes 102 hours of non-critical care internship. Prerequisites: Successful completion of all curriculum courses offered during the first two semesters of the AAS degree in Respiratory Therapy. Laboratory 10 hours per week.
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RTH 215 Pulmonary Rehabilitation (1 cr.)

Focuses on purpose and implementation of comprehensive cardiopulmonary rehabilitation program. Prerequisites: Successful completion of all curriculum courses offered during the first two semesters of the AAS degree in Respiratory Therapy. Lecture 1 hour per week.
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RTH 222 Cardiopulmonary Science II (3 cr.)

Focuses on assessment, treatment, and evaluation of patients with cardiopulmonary disease. Explores cardiopulmonary, renal, and neuromuscular physiology and pathophysiology. Prerequisites: Successful completion of all curriculum courses offered during the first two semesters of the AAS degree in Respiratory Therapy. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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RTH 223 Cardiopulmonary Science III (2 cr.)

Continues the exploration of topics discussed in RTH 121 and RTH 222. Prerequisites: Successful completion of all curriculum courses offered during the first three semesters of the AAS degree in Respiratory Therapy. Lecture 2 hours per week.
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RTH 226 Theory of Neonatal and Pediatric Respiratory Care (2 cr.)

Focuses on cardiopulmonary physiology and pathology of the newborn and pediatric patient. Prerequisites: Successful completion of all curriculum courses offered during the first three semesters of the AAS degree in Respiratory Therapy. Lecture 2 hours per week.
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RTH 227 Integrated Respiratory Therapy Skills II (2 cr.)

Presents intensive correlation of all major respiratory therapy subject areas reflecting the entry-level and advanced practitioner matrices. Emphasizes assessment, implementation, and modification of therapy to patient response. Prerequisites: Successful completion of all curriculum courses offered during the first five semesters of the AAS degree in Respiratory Therapy. Lecture 2 hours per week.
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RTH 236 Critical Care Monitoring (3 cr.)

Focuses on techniques and theory necessary for the evaluation and treatment of the critical care patient, especially arterial blood gases and hemodynamic measurements. Explores physiologic effects of advanced mechanical ventilation. Prerequisites: Successful completion of all curriculum courses offered during the first four semesters of the AAS degree in Respiratory Therapy. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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RTH 265 Current Issues in Respiratory Care (2 cr.)

Explores current issues affecting the profession of respiratory care. Prerequisites: Successful completion of all curriculum courses offered during the first three semesters of the AAS degree in Respiratory Therapy. Lecture 2 hours per week.
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RTH 290 Coordinated Practice in Respiratory Therapy: ACC/NPCC I (2 cr.)

Provides supervised on-the-job training. Introduces the student to respiratory critical care, home care, and diagnostic pulmonary functions. Students rotate through several critical care units (adult, pediatric, and neonatal) and practice and are evaluated on entry-level critical care skills. Introduces students to adult and pediatric home care and helps them learn to perform diagnostic pulmonary functions. Prerequisites: Successful completion of all curriculum courses offered during the first three semesters of the AAS degree in Respiratory Therapy. Laboratory 10 hours per week.
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RTH 290 Coordinated Practice in Respiratory Therapy: ACC/NPCC II (2 cr.)

Provides supervised on-the-job training. Introduces the student to respiratory critical care, home care, and diagnostic pulmonary functions. Students rotate through several critical care units (adult, pediatric, and neonatal) and practice and are evaluated on entry-level critical care skills. Introduces students to adult and pediatric home care and helps them learn to perform diagnostic pulmonary functions. Prerequisites: Successful completion of all curriculum courses offered during the first three semesters of the AAS degree in Respiratory Therapy. Laboratory 10 hours per week.
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RTH 290 Coordinated Practice in Respiratory Therapy: ACC/NPCC III (2 cr.)

Provides supervised on-the-job training. Further develops critical respiratory care clinical skills and critical-thinking skills. Students rotate through several critical care units (adult, pediatric, and neonatal) and practice and are evaluated on advanced-level critical care skills. Students also develop skills in hemodynamic monitoring and polysomnography. Prerequisites: Successful completion of all curriculum courses offered during the first four semesters of the AAS degree in Respiratory Therapy. Laboratory 10 hours per week.
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RTH 290 Coordinated Practice in Respiratory Therapy: ACC/NPCC IV (1 cr.)

Supervises on-the-job training. Further develops critical respiratory care clinical skills and critical-thinking skills. Students rotate through several critical care units (adult, pediatric, and neonatal) and practice and are evaluated on advanced-level critical care skills. Students also develop skills in hemodynamic monitoring and polysomnography. Prerequisites: Successful completion of all curriculum courses offered during the first four semesters of the AAS degree in Respiratory Therapy. Laboratory 5 hours per week.
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RTH 290 Coordinated Practice in Respiratory Therapy: ACC/NPCC IV INTERNSHIP (2 cr.)

Provides supervised on-the-job training. Further develops critical respiratory care clinical skills and critical-thinking skills. Students rotate through several critical care units (adult, pediatric, and neonatal) and practice and are evaluated on advanced-level critical care skills. Prerequisites: Successful completion of all curriculum courses offered during the first five semesters of the AAS degree in Respiratory Therapy. Laboratory 10 hours per week.
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STUDENT DEVELOPMENT [top]

SDV 100 College Success Skills (1 cr.)

Assists students in transition to college. Provides overviews of college policies, procedures, and curricular offerings. Encourages contacts with other students and staff. Assists students toward college success through information regarding effective study habits, career and academic planning, and other college resources available to students. Strongly recommended for beginning students. Required for graduation. Lecture 1 hour per week.
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SDV 100 College Success Skills (and Career Education) (2 cr.)

Assists students in transition to college. Provides overviews of college policies, procedures, and curricular offerings. Encourages contacts with other students and staff. Assists students toward college success through information regarding effective study habits, career and academic planning, and college resources available to students. Surveys career options available to students. Stresses career development and assists in the understanding of self in the world of work. Assists students in applying decision-making to career choices. Strongly recommended for beginning students who have not selected a major. This course will fulfill the SDV 100 requirement, which is a graduation requirement for degrees and full certificate programs. Lecture 2 hours per week.
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SDV 101 Orientation to American Sign Language and Interpreter Education (3 cr.)

Introduces students to the skills which are necessary to achieve their academic goals, to services offered at the college, and to American Sign Language and Interpreter Education. Covers topics such as services at the college; the library; counseling and advising; listening, test taking, and study skills; learning styles; career and personal development; and topical areas which are applicable to American Sign Language and Interpreter Education. Explores the existence of the Deaf people, who as a community share history, literature, customs, and culture. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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SDV 101 Orientation to Culinary and Pastry Arts (2 cr.)

Assists students in transition to college and the culinary and pastry arts programs. Provides overviews of college policies, procedures, and curricular offerings. Encourages contacts with other students and staff. Assists students toward college success through information regarding effective study habits, career and academic planning, and other college resources available to students. Assists students with learning basic culinary and pastry arts concepts, introductory skillsets, and current trends. Students needing to complete developmental studies courses in English or mathematics may take those courses concurrently with SDV 101 if approved by the program head. Lecture 2 hours. 2 hours per week.
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SDV 101 Orientation to Health Technology (1 cr.)

Introduces students to the skills which are necessary to achieve their academic goals, to services offered at the college, and to health technology disciplines. Covers topics such as the following: services and resources at the college; the library; counseling and advising; listening, test taking, and study skills; learning styles; career and personal development; and topical areas which are applicable to health technology disciplines. Lecture 1 hour per week.
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SDV 101 Orientation to STEM Disciplines (1 cr.)

Introduces students to the skills which are necessary to achieve their academic goals, to services offered at the college, and to STEM disciplines (science, technology/computer science, engineering, and mathematics). Covers topics such as the following: services and resources at the college; the library; counseling and advising; listening, test taking, and study skills; learning styles; career and personal development; and topical areas which are applicable to the STEM disciplines. Lecture 1 hour per week.
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SDV 101 Orientation to Teacher Preparation (2 cr.)

Introduces students to the skills which are necessary to achieve their academic goals, to services offered at the college, and to teacher preparation. Covers topics such as the following: services and resources at the college; the library; counseling and advising; listening, test taking, and study skills; learning styles; career and personal development; and topical areas which are applicable to teacher preparation. Provides students an opportunity to conduct classroom observations. Lecture 2 hours per week.
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SDV 106 Preparation for Employment (1 cr.)

Provides experience in resume writing, preparation of applications, letters of application, and successfully preparing for and completing the job interview. Assists students in identifying their marketable skills and aptitudes. Develops strategies for successful employment search. Assists students in understanding effective human relations techniques and communication skills in job search. Lecture 1 hour per week.
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SDV 107 Career Education (1 cr.)

Surveys career options available to students. Stresses career development and assists in the understanding of self in the world of work. Assists students in applying decision-making to career choices. This course will not fulfill the SDV 100 requirement. Lecture 1 hour per week.
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SDV 108 College Survival Skills (2 cr.)

Provides an orientation to the college. Introduces study skills and career and life planning. Offers an opportunity to engage in activities aimed at self-discovery. Emphasizes development of "coping skills," such as listening, interpersonal relations, competence, and improved self-concept. Provides an overview of college policies, procedures, and curricular offerings. Assists students toward college success through information regarding effective study habits. Recommended for students enrolled in developmental courses. Lecture 2 hours per week.
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SDV 109 Student Leadership Development (1 cr.)

Introduces students to leadership theories and skills. Develops students' personal leadership styles. Assists students to promote leadership skills in others. Examines the outlook, skills, and behavior essential to successful leadership. Lecture 1 hour per week.
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SOCIOLOGY [top]

SOC 200 Principles of Sociology (3 cr.)

Introduces fundamentals of social life. Presents significant research and theory in areas, such as culture, social structure, socialization, deviance, social stratification, and social institutions. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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SOC 210 Survey of Physical and Cultural Anthropology (3 cr.)

Examines physical characteristics and lifestyles of human ancestors and present populations. Explores cultures from around the world to study diverse adaptations made by humans. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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SOC 215 Sociology of the Family (3 cr.)

Studies topics, such as marriage and family, in social and cultural context. Addresses the single scene, dating and marriage styles, child-rearing, husband and wife interaction, single parent families, and alternative lifestyles. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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SOC 268 Social Problems (3 cr.)

Applies sociological concepts and methods to analysis of current social problems. Includes delinquency and crime, mental illness, drug addiction, alcoholism, sexual behavior, population crisis, race relations, family and community disorganization, poverty, automation, wars, and disarmament. Prerequisite: Placement in ENG 111 or placement in co-requisites ENG 111 and ENF 3. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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SPANISH [top]

SPA 101 Beginning Spanish I (4 cr.)

Introduces understanding, speaking, reading, and writing skills and emphasizes basic Spanish sentence structure. Incorporates exposure to the arts, culture, and literature of the areas of the world where Spanish is spoken. Part I of II. May include an additional hour of oral drill and practice per week. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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SPA 102 Beginning Spanish II (4 cr.)

Introduces understanding, speaking, reading, and writing skills and emphasizes basic Spanish sentence structure. Incorporates exposure to the arts, culture, and literature of the areas of the world where Spanish is spoken. Part II of II. Prerequisite: SPA 101. May include an additional hour of oral drill and practice per week. Lecture 4 hours per week.
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SPA 111 Conversation in Spanish I (3 cr.)

Emphasizes the spoken language, stressing fluency and correctness of structure, pronunciation, and vocabulary. This course does not fulfill the foreign language requirement for the Liberal Arts AA or Social Sciences AS degrees. Part I of II. Prerequisite: SPA 102. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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SPA 112 Conversation in Spanish II (3 cr.)

Emphasizes the spoken language, stressing fluency and correctness of structure, pronunciation, and vocabulary. This course does not fulfill the foreign language requirement for the Liberal Arts AA or Social Sciences AS degrees. Part II of II. Prerequisite: SPA 111. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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SPA 195 Topics in Spanish: Spanish for Health Professionals (3 cr.)

Introduces Spanish to those in the health sciences. Emphasizes oral communication and practical medical vocabulary. Presents realistic situations and the specialized vocabulary that health care professionals need to communicate with Hispanic patients in the course of their daily work. Provides students with numerous opportunities to apply, in a wide variety of practical contexts, the grammatical structures introduced in the corresponding lessons through personalized questions, grammar exercises, dialogue competition, role plays, and real activities. May include oral drill and practice. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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SPA 201 Intermediate Spanish I (3 cr.)

Continues to develop understanding, speaking, reading, and writing skills. Part I of II. Prerequisite: SPA 102 or equivalent. May include an additional hour of oral drill and practice per week. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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SPA 201 Intermediate Spanish I (4 cr.)

Continues to develop understanding, speaking, reading, and writing skills. Part I of II. Prerequisite: SPA 102 or equivalent. Lecture 4 hours per week. May include an additional hour of oral drill and practice per week.
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SPA 202 Intermediate Spanish II (3 cr.)

Continues to develop understanding, speaking, reading and writing skills. Part II of II. Prerequisite: SPA 201 or equivalent. May include an additional hour of oral drill and practice per week. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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SPA 233 Introduction to Spanish Civilization and Literature I (3 cr.)

Introduces the student to Spanish culture and literature. Readings and discussions are conducted in Spanish. Prerequisite SPA 202 or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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VITICULTURE [top]

VEN 100 Introduction to Viticulture (3 cr.)

Introduces grapes, their history, distribution, classification, and areas of production. Provides an overview of grape uses and products made from them. Includes site selection and environmental factors that affect grapes and their quality. Reviews sites, soils, and other factors that affect the planting of grapes. Lecture: 3 hours per week. No prerequisites.
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WELDING [top]

WEL 120 Fundamentals of Welding (2 cr.)

Introduces history of welding processes. Covers types of equipment and assembly of units. Stresses welding procedures, such as fusion, non-fusion, and cutting oxyacetylene. Introduces arc welding. Emphasizes procedures in the use of tools and equipment. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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WEL 121 Arc Welding (2 cr.)

Studies the operation of AC and DC power sources, weld heat, polarities, and electrodes for use in joining various alloys by the SMAW process. Covers welds in different types of joints and different welding positions. Emphasizes safety procedures. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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WEL 122 Welding II (Electric Arc) (3 cr.)

Teaches electric arc welding, including types of equipment, selection of electrodes, safety equipment and procedures, and principles and practices of welding. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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WEL 126 Pipe Welding I (3 cr.)

Teaches metal arc welding processes, including the welding of pressure piping in the horizontal, vertical, and horizontal-fixed positions in accordance with section IX of the ASME Code. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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WEL 130 Inert Gas Welding (3 cr.)

Introduces practical operations in the uses of inert-gas-shield arc welding. Discusses equipment, safety operations, welding practice in the various positions, process variations and applications, and manual and semiautomatic welding. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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WEL 141 Welder Qualification Tests I (3 cr.)

Studies techniques and practices of testing welded joints through destructive and nondestructive testing. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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WEL 145 Welding Metallurgy (3 cr.)

Studies steel classifications, heat-treatment procedures, and properties of ferrous and non-ferrous metals. Discusses techniques and practices of testing welded joints and destructive/nondestructive, visual magnetic, and fluorescent testing. Lecture 3 hours per week.
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WEL 150 Welding Drawing and Interpretation (2 cr.)

Teaches fundamentals required for successful drafting as applied to the welding industry. Includes blueprint reading, geometric principles of drafting and freehand sketching, basic principles of orthographic projection, preparation of drawings, and interpretation of symbols. Lecture 2 hours per week.
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WEL 160 Gas Metal Arc Welding (MIG and FCAW) (3 cr.)

Introduces practical operations in the use of gas metal arc welding and equipment. Studies equipment operation setup, safety, and practice of semi-automatic welding processes. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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WEL 195 Topics in Welding: Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (TIG) (3 cr.)

Introduces practical operations in the use of tungsten arc welding and equipment. Studies equipment operation setup, safety, and practice of GTAW (TIG). Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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WEL 195 Topics in Welding: Layout and Fitting for Welders (3 cr.)

Covers the application of formulas and calculations to the proper layout and fitting of metals in welding projects. Emphasizes the use of jigs, fixtures, and hand tools in metal fabrication and assembly along with fabrication and safety procedures for hands-on and workplace projects. Prerequisite: WEL 120 or prior approval of the program head. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.
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WEL 195 Topics in Welding: Ornamental Welding (2 cr.)

Introduces students to basic equipment, safety, and processes useful in the fabrication of welded ornamental objects. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 4 hours per week.
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J. Sargeant Reynolds Community College
Parham Road Campus
1651 E. Parham Road
Richmond, VA 23228
(804) 371-3000
(804) 371-3000